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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 12/2021

07-10-2021 | Original Paper

Associations between Parenting Qualities, Neighborhood Disadvantage, and Future Orientations among Urban Adolescents

Auteur: Elizabeth M. Riina

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

Positive orientations toward the future have been shown to promote youth wellbeing, especially for those living in poor and urban neighborhoods. However, the family and neighborhood factors that contribute to future orientations during adolescence are poorly understood. Drawing on data from 1165 urban adolescents (M = 15.22, SD = 1.58 years old) who participated in the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), this study uses multilevel modeling to (1) examine parenting qualities (parent involvement, parent–adolescent relationship quality) and neighborhood disadvantage in relation to youth future orientations; (2) test whether these associations differ for mothers and fathers, and sons and daughters; and (3) test whether parenting qualities are protective for future orientations among youth in disadvantaged neighborhoods. The findings were generally consistent with hypotheses in that mothers’ and fathers’ parenting were related to higher levels of future orientations, and neighborhood concentrated poverty was related to lower future orientations. Parental involvement benefited girls’ future orientations whereas relationship quality was more salient for boys. Parenting involvement and relationship quality moderated associations between neighborhood disadvantage and future orientations in somewhat different directions. Discussion centers on the implications of family and neighborhood contexts for future orientations of urban youth and directs attention to nuances in parenting dimensions and their significance for boys and girls.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Associations between Parenting Qualities, Neighborhood Disadvantage, and Future Orientations among Urban Adolescents
Auteur
Elizabeth M. Riina
Publicatiedatum
07-10-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-021-02103-1