Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Theory suggests that aversive social experiences generate emotional maladjustment because they prompt the development of a hypersensitivity to perceiving and overreacting to rejection. The primary aim of this study was to test hypothesized direct and indirect (via rejection sensitivity) links of overt/relational victimization and friendship conflict with early adolescents’ loneliness and depressive symptoms. Participants were 366 Australian early adolescents age 10–14 years (50.5 % girls). Using both a self-report and peer-report measure of rejection sensitivity, no difference was found when comparing the significant correlations of each measure with loneliness and depressive symptoms. Tests of direct and indirect associations with structural equation modeling showed that adolescents higher in relational victimization reported more loneliness and depressive symptoms and part of this association was by way of their greater self-reports of rejection sensitivity and their peers’ identification that they were higher in rejection sensitivity. Additionally, relational victimization was the only unique correlate of emotional maladjustment, and adolescents who reported more overt victimization were identified by their peers as higher in rejection sensitivity. Finally, gender and rejection sensitivity were tested as moderators. No gender moderation was found, but friendship conflict was associated more strongly with emotional maladjustment for adolescents low, rather than high, in rejection sensitivity. These findings identify relational victimization as particularly salient for emotional maladjustment both directly and indirectly via links with elevated rejection sensitivity. They show how rejection sensitivity and aversive experiences may contribute independently and jointly to emotional maladjustment for both boys and girls.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abela, J. R. Z., & Hankin, B. L. (2009). Cognitive vulnerability to depression in adolescents: A developmental psychopathology perspective. In S. Nolen-Hoeksema & L. M. Hilt (Eds.), Handbook of depression in adolescents (pp. 335–376). New York: Routledge.
Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1998). Peer power: Preadolescent culture and identity. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136–162). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Card, N. A., Stucky, B. D., Sawalani, G. M., & Little, T. D. (2008). Direct and indirect aggression during childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic review of gender differences, intercorrelations, and relations to maladjustment. Child Development,79, 1185–1229. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01184.x. CrossRefPubMed
Chango, J. M., McElhaney, K. B., Allen, J. P., Schad, M. M., & Marston, E. M. (2012). Relational stressors and depressive symptoms in late adolescence: Rejection sensitivity as a vulnerability. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,40, 369–379. doi: 10.1007/s10802-011-9570-y. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Cole, D. A., Maxwell, M. A., Dukewich, T. L., & Yosick, R. (2010). Targeted peer victimization and the construction of positive and negative self-cognitions: Connections to depressive symptoms in children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology,39, 421–435. doi: 10.1080/15374411003691776. CrossRefPubMed
Cross, D., Shaw, T., Hearn, L., Epstein, M., Monks, H., Lester, L., & Thomas, L. (2009). Australian Covert Bullying Prevalence Study (ACBPS). Child Health Promotion Research Centre, Edith Cowan University, Perth. Retrieved from http://foi.deewr.gov.au/documents/australian-covert-bullying-prevalence-study-executive-summary.
Cullerton-Sen, C., & Crick, N. R. (2005). Understanding the effects of physical and relational victimization: The utility of multiple perspectives in predicting social-emotional adjustment. School Psychology Review,34, 147–160.
Downey, G., Bonica, C., & Rincon, C. (1999). Rejection sensitivity and adolescent romantic relationships. In W. Furman, B. Bradford Brown, & C. Feiring (Eds.), The development of romantic relationships in adolescence (pp. 148–174). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Downey, G., Irwin, L., Ramsay, M., & Ayduk, O. (2004). Rejection sensitivity and girls’ aggression. In M. M. Moretti, C. L. Odgers, & M. A. Jackson (Eds.), Girls and aggression: Contributing factors and intervention principles (pp. 7–25). New York: Kluwer. CrossRef
Harter, S. (2012). The construction of the self: Developmental and sociocultural foundations (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: Guilford Press.
Kovacs, M. (1985). The Child’s Depression Inventory (CDI). Psychopharmacology Bulletin,21, 995–998. PubMed
McDonald, K. L., Bowker, J. C., Rubin, K. H., Laursen, B., & Duchene, M. S. (2010). Interactions between rejection sensitivity and supportive relationships in the prediction of adolescents’ internalizing difficulties. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,39, 563–574. doi: 10.1007/s10964-010-9519-4. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Nangle, D. W., Erdley, C. A., Newman, J. E., Mason, C. A., & Carpenter, E. M. (2003). Popularity, friendship quantity, and friendship quality: Interactive influences on children’s loneliness and depression. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology,32, 546–555. doi: 10.1207/S15374424JCCP3204_7. CrossRefPubMed
Newman Kingery, J., Erdley, C. A., & Marshall, K. C. (2011). Peer acceptance and friendship as predictors of early adolescents’ adjustment across the middle school transition. Merrill- Palmer Quarterly, 57, 215–243. http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/mpq/vol57/iss3/2.
Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W. M., & Parker, J. G. (2006). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In W. Damon, & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (Vol. 3, Chapter 10). New York: Wiley. doi: 10.1002/9780470147658.
Rudolph, K. D., & Asher, S. R. (2000). Adaptation and maladaptation in the peer system: Developmental processes and outcomes. In A. J. Sameroff & M. Lewis (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 157–175). Dordrecht: Kluwer. CrossRef
Sinclair, K. R., Cole, D. A., Dukewich, T., Felton, J., Weitlauf, A. S., Maxwell, M. A., et al. (2012). Impact of physical and relational peer victimization on depressive cognitions in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology,41, 570–583. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2012.704841. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Swenson, L., & Rose, A. (2009). Friends’ knowledge of youth internalizing and externalizing adjustment: Accuracy, bias, and the influences of gender, grade, positive friendship quality, and self-disclosure. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,37, 887–901. doi: 10.1007/s10802-009-9319-z. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Yoshito, K., Tseng, W., Murray-Close, D., & Crick, N. R. (2012). Developmental trajectories of Chinese children’s relational and physical aggression: Associations with social-psychological adjustment problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,40, 1087–1097. doi: 10.1007/s10802-012-9633-8. CrossRef
Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Nesdale, D., McGregor, L., Mastro, S., Goodwin, B., & Downey, G. Biased perception of peer rejection: Associations with rejection sensitivity, victimization, aggression, and friendship (under review).
Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., & Pronk, R. E. (2012). Relation of depression and anxiety to self- and peer-reported relational aggression. Aggressive Behavior,38, 16–30. doi: 10.1002/ab.20416.
- Relational Victimization, Loneliness and Depressive Symptoms: Indirect Associations Via Self and Peer Reports of Rejection Sensitivity
Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck
Geraldine A. Downey
- Springer US