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20-06-2017 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 1/2018

Mindfulness 1/2018

Relating to Self and Other: Mindfulness Predicts Compassionate and Self-Image Relationship Goals

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 1/2018
Auteurs:
Kate L. Stewart, Anthony H. Ahrens, Kathleen C. Gunthert

Abstract

In three studies, we tested the hypothesis that mindfulness is associated with and predicts the relationship goals to be compassionate and to bolster one’s self-image. In the first two studies, both cross-sectional, mindfulness was associated with higher compassionate goals and lower self-image goals. Study 3 replicated these findings both before and after a 2-week daily diary exercise. In addition, mindfulness at pretest predicted change in compassionate and self-image goals over the course of the study. Aggregating across studies, controlling for negative affectivity, mindfulness, and several of its facets were uniquely associated with compassionate goals. Mindfulness and non-judging of experience were each uniquely associated with lower self-image goals. These findings suggest that how people relate to their own experiences—namely, the extent to which they attend to present-moment experiences without judgment—is associated with their intentions toward others.

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