Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Children with conduct problems and co-occurring callous-unemotional (CU) traits show more severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors than those without CU traits. Exposure to negative life events has been identified as an important contributing factor to the expression of CU traits across time, although the directionality of this effect has remained unknown due to a lack of longitudinal study. The present longitudinal study examined potential bidirectional effects of CU traits leading to experiencing more negative life events and negative life events leading to increases in CU traits across 3 years among a sample of community-based school-aged (M = 10.9, SD = 1.71 years) boys and girls (N = 98). Repeated rating measures of CU traits, negative life events and conduct problems completed by children and parents during annual assessments were moderately to highly stable across time. Cross-lagged models supported a reciprocal relationship of moderate magnitude between child-reported CU traits and “controllable” negative life events. Parent-reported CU traits predicted “uncontrollable” life events at the earlier time point and controllable life events at the later time point, but no reciprocal effect was evident. These findings have important implications for understanding developmental processes that contribute to the stability of CU traits in youth.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Allen, J. L., Rapee, R. M., & Sandberg, S. (2012). Assessment of maternally reported child and adolescent life events: a comparison of interview and checklist methods. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34, 204–215. CrossRef
American Psychiatric Association. (1994/2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th/5th Ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Bartholomew, D. J., Steele, F., Moustaki, I., & Galbraith, J. I. (2008). Analysis of multivariate social science data—second edition (CRC statistics in the social and behavioral sciences series). Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis Group.
Blagov, P. S., Patrick, C. J., Lilienfeld, S. O., Powers, A. D., Phifer, J. E., Venables, N., & Cooper, G. (2011). Personality constellations in incarcerated psychopathic men. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 2, 293. CrossRef
Bradlyn, R. H., & Corwyn, R. F. (2002). Socioeconomic status and child development. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 371–399. CrossRef
Brand, A. H., & Johnson, J. H. (1982). Note on the reliability of the Life Events Checklist. Psychological Reports, 50, 1274. CrossRef
Byrd, A. L., Loeber, R., & Pardini, D. A. (2012). Understanding desisting and persisting forms of delinquency: the unique contributions of disruptive behavior disorders and interpersonal callousness. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 53, 371–380. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02504.x. CrossRef
Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S. L. (Eds.). (1997). Developmental perspectives on trauma: theory, research and intervention. Rochester: Rochester University Press.
Frick, P. J., & Dantagnan, A. L. (2005). Predicting the stability of conduct problems in children with and without callous-unemotional traits. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 14, 469–485. CrossRef
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). Antisocial process screening device. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Gadow, K. D., & Sprafkin, J. (1995). Adolescent supplement to the child symptom inventories manual. Stony Brook: Checkmate Plus.
Johnson, J. H., & McCutcheon, S. M. (1980). Assessing life events in older children and adolescents: preliminary findings with the life events checklist. Stress and Anxiety, 7, 111–125.
Karpman, B. (1941). On the need of separating psychopathy into two distinct clinical types: the symptomatic and the idiopathic. Journal of Criminology and Psychopathology, 3, 112–137.
Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Muñoz, L. C., & Aucoin, K. J. (2008a). Callous-unemotional traits and the emotional processing of distress cues in detained boys: Testing the moderating role of aggression, exposure to community violence, and histories of abuse. Development & Psychopathology, 20, 569–589. doi: 10.1017/s0954579408000028x. CrossRef
Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Skeem, J. L., Marsee, M. A., Cruise, K., Munoz, L. C., & Morris, A. S. (2008b). Assessing callous–unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: validation of the inventory of callous–unemotional traits. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 31, 241–252. PubMedCrossRef
Lykken, D. T. (1957). A study of anxiety in the sociopathic personality. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 55, 6. CrossRef
Marsee, M. A., Silverthorn, P., & Frick, P. J. (2005). The association of psychopathic traits with aggression and delinquency in non-referred boys and girls. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 23, 803–817. CrossRef
McMahon, R. J., Witkiewitz, K., Kotler, J. S., & The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group. (2010). Predictive validity of callous-unemotional traits measured in early adolescence with respect to multiple antisocial outcomes. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119, 752–763. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
Muthén, L.K. & Muthén, B.O. (1998–2012). Mplus User’s Guide. Seventh Edition. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén
Pardini, D. A., & Byrd, A. L. (2012). Perceptions of aggressive conflicts and others’ distress in children with callous ‐unemotional traits: ‘I’ll show you who’s boss, even if you suffer and I get in trouble’. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 53, 283–291. CrossRef
Porter, S. (1996). Without conscience or without active conscience? the etiology of psychopathy revisited. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 1, 179–189. CrossRef
Sandberg, S., & Rutter, M. (2008). Acute life stresses. In M. Rutter, D. Bishop, D. Pine, S. Scott, J. Stevenson, E. Taylor, & A. Thapar (Eds.), Rutter’s child and adolescent psychiatry (5th ed.). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
Satorra, A. (2000). Scaled and adjusted restricted tests in multi-sample analysis of moment structures. In R. D. H. Heijmans, D. S. G. Pollock, & A. Satorra (Eds.), Innovations in multivariate statistical analysis. A Festschrift for Heinz Neudecker (pp. 233–247). London: Kluwer Academic Publishers. CrossRef
Sharf, A., Kimonis, E. R., & Howard, A. (2014). Negative life events and posttraumatic stress disorder among incarcerated boys with callous-unemotional traits. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment.. doi: 10.1007/s10862-013-9404-z.
- Reciprocal Influences between Negative Life Events and Callous-Unemotional Traits
Eva R. Kimonis
Luna C.M. Centifanti
Jennifer L. Allen
Paul J. Frick
- Springer US