Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
A local processing bias has been found in individuals with autism as well as in typical children with a gift for drawing realistically. This study investigated whether a local processing bias in typical adults is more strongly associated with drawing realism or autistic-like traits. Forty-two adults made an observational drawing (scored for realism), completed four measures that assessed a local processing bias, and completed the Autism-spectrum Quotient (AQ) which assesses autistic-like traits. Drawing Realism score and not AQ score was associated with a local processing bias as shown by performance on two of the tasks. Typical adults who score high in the ability to draw realistically show the same kind of local processing bias found in individuals with ASD.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Akshoomoff, N., & Stiles, J. (1995). Developmental trends in visuospatial analysis and planning: I. Copying a complex figure. Neuropsychology, 9, 364–377. CrossRef
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Caron, M. J., Mottron, L., Berthiaume, C., & Dawson, M. (2006). Cognitive mechanisms, specificity and neural underpinnings of visuospatial peaks in autism. Brain: A Journal of Neurology, 129, 1789–1802.
Jolliffe, T., & Baron Cohen, S. (1997). Are people with autism and Asperger syndrome faster than normal on the Embedded Figures Test? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 38, 527–534. CrossRef
Milbrath, C. (1998). Patterns of artistic development in children: Comparative studies of talent. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Mottron, L., & Burack, J. A. (2001). Enhanced perceptual functioning in the development of autism. In J. A. Burack, T. Charman, N. Yirmiya, & P. R. Zelazo (Eds.), The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (pp. 131–148). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Pellicano, E., Maybery, M., Durkin, K., & Maley, A. (2006). Multiple cognitive capabilities/deficits in children with an autism spectrum disorder: “Weak” central coherence and its relationship to theory of mind and executive control. Development and Psychopathology, 181, 77–98.
Rimland, B., & Fein, D. (1988). Special talents of autistic savants. In L. Obler & D. Fein (Eds.), The exceptional brain: Neuropsychology of talent and superior abilities (pp. 341–363). New York: Guilford Press.
Sacks, O. (1995). An anthropologist on Mars: Seven paradoxical tales. New York: Knopf.
Selfe, L. (1977). Nadia: A case of extraordinary drawing ability in an autistic child. New York: Academic Press.
Winner, E. (1996). Gifted children: Myths and realities. New York: Basic Books.
Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. A. (1971). Group embedded figures test manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychology Press.
- Realistic Drawing Talent in Typical Adults is Associated with the Same Kind of Local Processing Bias Found in Individuals with ASD
Jennifer E. Drake
- Springer US