Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2016

09-01-2016

Profiles of Social Anxiety and Impulsivity Among College Students: A Close Examination of Profile Differences in Externalizing Behavior

Auteurs: Melanie F. Lipton, Justin W. Weeks, Samantha E. Daruwala, Andres De Los Reyes

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Prior work indicates the presence of a subtype of Social Anxiety (SA) characterized by disinhibition or high externalizing behaviors such as substance use and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. A sample of 375 undergraduates completed an online study including measures of SA, substance use, ADHD symptoms and impulsivity. Latent class analyses revealed three classes of individuals who evidenced: (a) low SA and low impulsivity, (b) high SA and low impulsivity, and (c) high SA and high impulsivity. Individuals high in both SA and impulsivity evidenced greater likelihoods of exhibiting externalizing behavior, relative to the two other classes. Post-hoc analyses revealed the largest and most significant differences between classes were seen with regard to ADHD. This finding extends previous work by replicating distinct profiles of SA and impulsivity, and highlighting that how these profiles relate to externalizing behaviors may depend on the externalizing domain.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5 th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5 th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
go back to reference Barlow, D. H. (1988). Anxiety and its disorders: the nature and treatment of anxiety and panic. NY: Guilford Press. Barlow, D. H. (1988). Anxiety and its disorders: the nature and treatment of anxiety and panic. NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Beidel, D. C., & Turner, S. M. (2007). Shy children, phobic adults: nature and treatment of social anxiety disorder. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Beidel, D. C., & Turner, S. M. (2007). Shy children, phobic adults: nature and treatment of social anxiety disorder. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Berman, A. H., Bergman, H., Palmstierna, T., & Schlyter, F. (2005a). DUDIT manual the drug use disorders identification test. London: Karolinska Institutet Department of Clinical Neuroscience. Berman, A. H., Bergman, H., Palmstierna, T., & Schlyter, F. (2005a). DUDIT manual the drug use disorders identification test. London: Karolinska Institutet Department of Clinical Neuroscience.
go back to reference Berman, A. H., Bergman, H., Palmstierna, T., & Schlyter, F. (2005b). Evaluation of the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) in criminal justice and detoxification settings and in a Swedish population sample. European Addiction Research, 11, 22–31. doi: 10.​1159/​000081413. CrossRefPubMed Berman, A. H., Bergman, H., Palmstierna, T., & Schlyter, F. (2005b). Evaluation of the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) in criminal justice and detoxification settings and in a Swedish population sample. European Addiction Research, 11, 22–31. doi: 10.​1159/​000081413. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bögels, S. M., Alden, L., Beidel, D. C., Clark, L. A., Pine, D. S., Stein, M. B., et al. (2010). Social anxiety disorder: questions and answers for the DSM-V. Depression and Anxiety, 27, 168–189. doi: 10.​1002/​da.​20670. Bögels, S. M., Alden, L., Beidel, D. C., Clark, L. A., Pine, D. S., Stein, M. B., et al. (2010). Social anxiety disorder: questions and answers for the DSM-V. Depression and Anxiety, 27, 168–189. doi: 10.​1002/​da.​20670.
go back to reference Brown, E. J., Turovsky, J., Heimberg, R. G., Juster, H. R., Brown, T. A., & Barlow, D. H. (1997). Validation of the social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale across the anxiety disorders. Psychological Assessment, 9, 21–27. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​9.​1.​21. Brown, E. J., Turovsky, J., Heimberg, R. G., Juster, H. R., Brown, T. A., & Barlow, D. H. (1997). Validation of the social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale across the anxiety disorders. Psychological Assessment, 9, 21–27. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​9.​1.​21.
go back to reference Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. G. Heimberg, M. R. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, & F. R. Schneier (Eds.), Social phobia: diagnosis, assessment, and treatment (pp. 69–93). New York: Guilford Press. Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. G. Heimberg, M. R. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, & F. R. Schneier (Eds.), Social phobia: diagnosis, assessment, and treatment (pp. 69–93). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2 nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2 nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference De Los Reyes, A., Bunnell, B. E., & Beidel, D. C. (2013). Informant discrepancies in adult social anxiety disorder assessments: links with contextual variations in observed behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 376–386. doi: 10.​1037/​a0031150. CrossRefPubMed De Los Reyes, A., Bunnell, B. E., & Beidel, D. C. (2013). Informant discrepancies in adult social anxiety disorder assessments: links with contextual variations in observed behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 376–386. doi: 10.​1037/​a0031150. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference De Los Reyes, A., Alfano, C. A., Lau, S., Augenstein, T. M., & Borelli, J. L. (2016). Can we use convergence between caregiver reports of adolescent mental health to index severity of adolescent mental health concerns? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25. Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s10826-015-0216-5. De Los Reyes, A., Alfano, C. A., Lau, S., Augenstein, T. M., & Borelli, J. L. (2016). Can we use convergence between caregiver reports of adolescent mental health to index severity of adolescent mental health concerns? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25. Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s10826-015-0216-5.
go back to reference Hanley, J. A., Negassa, A., Edwardes, M. D., & Forrester, J. E. (2003). Statistical analysis of correlated data using generalized estimating equations: an orientation. American Journal of Epidemiology, 157, 364–375. doi: 10.​1093/​aje/​kwf215. CrossRefPubMed Hanley, J. A., Negassa, A., Edwardes, M. D., & Forrester, J. E. (2003). Statistical analysis of correlated data using generalized estimating equations: an orientation. American Journal of Epidemiology, 157, 364–375. doi: 10.​1093/​aje/​kwf215. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Heimberg, R. G., Mueller, G. P., Holt, C. S., Hope, D. A., & Liebowitz, M. R. (1992). Assessment of anxiety in social interaction and being observed by others: the social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale. Behavior Therapy, 23, 53–73. doi: 10.​1016/​S0005-7894(05)80308-9. Heimberg, R. G., Mueller, G. P., Holt, C. S., Hope, D. A., & Liebowitz, M. R. (1992). Assessment of anxiety in social interaction and being observed by others: the social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale. Behavior Therapy, 23, 53–73. doi: 10.​1016/​S0005-7894(05)80308-9.
go back to reference Jarrett, M. A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2008). A conceptual review of the comorbidity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and anxiety: implications for future research and practice. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 1266–1280. doi: 10.​2217/​npy.​12.​39. CrossRefPubMed Jarrett, M. A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2008). A conceptual review of the comorbidity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and anxiety: implications for future research and practice. Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 1266–1280. doi: 10.​2217/​npy.​12.​39. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., Berglund, P., Demler, O., Jin, R., Merikangas, K. R., & Walters, E. E. (2005a). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 593–602. doi: 10.​1001/​archpsyc.​62.​6.​593. CrossRefPubMed Kessler, R. C., Berglund, P., Demler, O., Jin, R., Merikangas, K. R., & Walters, E. E. (2005a). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 593–602. doi: 10.​1001/​archpsyc.​62.​6.​593. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., Adler, L., Ames, M., Demler, O., Faraone, S., Hiripi, E., et al. (2005b). The World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS): a short screening scale for use in the general population. Psychological Medicine, 35, 245–256. doi: 10.​1017/​S003329170400289​2. CrossRefPubMed Kessler, R. C., Adler, L., Ames, M., Demler, O., Faraone, S., Hiripi, E., et al. (2005b). The World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS): a short screening scale for use in the general population. Psychological Medicine, 35, 245–256. doi: 10.​1017/​S003329170400289​2. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kessler, R., Adler, L., Barkley, R., Biederman, J., Conners, C., Demler, O., et al. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 716–723. doi: 10.​1176/​appi.​ajp.​163.​4.​716. Kessler, R., Adler, L., Barkley, R., Biederman, J., Conners, C., Demler, O., et al. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 716–723. doi: 10.​1176/​appi.​ajp.​163.​4.​716.
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N. A., Zaslavsky, A. M., & Wittchen, H. U. (2012). Twelve-month and lifetime prevalence and lifetime morbid risk of anxiety and mood disorders in the United States. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 21, 169–184. doi: 10.​1002/​mpr.​1359. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Kessler, R. C., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N. A., Zaslavsky, A. M., & Wittchen, H. U. (2012). Twelve-month and lifetime prevalence and lifetime morbid risk of anxiety and mood disorders in the United States. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 21, 169–184. doi: 10.​1002/​mpr.​1359. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lynam, D. R., Smith, G. T., Whiteside, S. P., & Cyders, M. A. (2006). The UPPS-P: assessing five personality pathways to impulsive behavior. In Technical report. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University. Lynam, D. R., Smith, G. T., Whiteside, S. P., & Cyders, M. A. (2006). The UPPS-P: assessing five personality pathways to impulsive behavior. In Technical report. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University.
go back to reference Markon, K. E., Chmielewski, M., & Miller, C. J. (2011). The reliability and validity of discrete and continuous measures of psychopathology: a quantitative review. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 856–879. doi: 10.​1037/​a0023678. CrossRefPubMed Markon, K. E., Chmielewski, M., & Miller, C. J. (2011). The reliability and validity of discrete and continuous measures of psychopathology: a quantitative review. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 856–879. doi: 10.​1037/​a0023678. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mohler-Kuo, M., Lee, J. E., & Wechsler, H. (2003). Trends in marijuana and other illicit drug use among college students: results from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveys: 1993–2001. Journal of American College Health, 52, 17–24. doi: 10.​1080/​0744848030959571​9. CrossRefPubMed Mohler-Kuo, M., Lee, J. E., & Wechsler, H. (2003). Trends in marijuana and other illicit drug use among college students: results from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveys: 1993–2001. Journal of American College Health, 52, 17–24. doi: 10.​1080/​0744848030959571​9. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nagin, D. S. (2006). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Nagin, D. S. (2006). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
go back to reference Nock, M. K., Wedig, M. M., Holmberg, E. B., & Hooley, J. M. (2008). The emotion reactivity scale: development, evaluation, and relation to self-injurious thoughts and behaviors. Behavior Therapy, 39, 107–116. doi: 10.​1037/​t12040-000. CrossRefPubMed Nock, M. K., Wedig, M. M., Holmberg, E. B., & Hooley, J. M. (2008). The emotion reactivity scale: development, evaluation, and relation to self-injurious thoughts and behaviors. Behavior Therapy, 39, 107–116. doi: 10.​1037/​t12040-000. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rodebaugh, T. L., Heimberg, R. G., Brown, P. J., Fernandez, K. C., Blanco, C., Schneier, F. R., et al. (2011). More reasons to be straightforward: findings and norms for two scales relevant to social anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 623–630. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​janxdis.​2011.​02.​002. Rodebaugh, T. L., Heimberg, R. G., Brown, P. J., Fernandez, K. C., Blanco, C., Schneier, F. R., et al. (2011). More reasons to be straightforward: findings and norms for two scales relevant to social anxiety. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 623–630. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​janxdis.​2011.​02.​002.
go back to reference Rytwinski, N. K., Fresco, D. M., Heimberg, R. G., Coles, M. E., Liebowitz, M. R., Cissell, S., et al. (2009). Screening for social anxiety disorder with the self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Depression and Anxiety, 26, 34–38. doi: 10.​1002/​da.​20503. Rytwinski, N. K., Fresco, D. M., Heimberg, R. G., Coles, M. E., Liebowitz, M. R., Cissell, S., et al. (2009). Screening for social anxiety disorder with the self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Depression and Anxiety, 26, 34–38. doi: 10.​1002/​da.​20503.
go back to reference Schneider, B. W., & Turk, C. L. (2014). Examining the controversy surrounding social skills in social anxiety disorder: The state of the literature. In J. W. Weeks (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of social anxiety disorder. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Schneider, B. W., & Turk, C. L. (2014). Examining the controversy surrounding social skills in social anxiety disorder: The state of the literature. In J. W. Weeks (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of social anxiety disorder. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
go back to reference Weeks, J. W., Heimberg, R. G., Fresco, D. M., Hart, T. A., Turk, C. L., Schneier, F. R., et al. (2005). Empirical validation and psychometric evaluation of the brief fear of negative evaluation scale in patients with social anxiety disorder. Psychological Assessment, 17, 179–190. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​17.​2.​179. Weeks, J. W., Heimberg, R. G., Fresco, D. M., Hart, T. A., Turk, C. L., Schneier, F. R., et al. (2005). Empirical validation and psychometric evaluation of the brief fear of negative evaluation scale in patients with social anxiety disorder. Psychological Assessment, 17, 179–190. doi: 10.​1037/​1040-3590.​17.​2.​179.
Metagegevens
Titel
Profiles of Social Anxiety and Impulsivity Among College Students: A Close Examination of Profile Differences in Externalizing Behavior
Auteurs
Melanie F. Lipton
Justin W. Weeks
Samantha E. Daruwala
Andres De Los Reyes
Publicatiedatum
09-01-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-015-9531-9

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2016

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2016 Naar de uitgave