Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2005

01-12-2005

Pre-Linguistic Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Adapted for Older Individuals with Severe to Profound Mental Retardation: A Pilot Study

Auteurs: Sibel Kazak Berument, Elizabeth Starr, Andrew Pickles, Megan Tomlins, Katerina Papanikolauou, Catherine Lord, Michael Rutter

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2005

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS) is a semi-structured observational scale developed to assess social interaction, communication and play in individuals who are suspected to have autism. Since the ADOS is not suitable to be used with severely or profoundly mentally retarded adolescents and adults with very limited language skills, materials and some of the tasks of the PL-ADOS and the original ADOS (the former versions of the current ADOS) were adapted. Results indicated that almost all of the overall ratings showed good reliability and discriminative diagnostic validity. Furthermore, the combination of codings into an overall algorithm score on social/communicative behavior resulted in a sensitivity of .82 and a specificity of .85 when using a cut-off score of 15.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders—DSM-IV, Fourth Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders—DSM-IV, Fourth Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association
go back to reference Adrien J. L., Ornitz E., Barthelemy C., Sauvage D., Lelord G., (1987). The presence or absence of certain behaviours associated with infantile autism in severely retarded autistic and nonautistic retarded children and very young normal children Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 17:407–416PubMedCrossRef Adrien J. L., Ornitz E., Barthelemy C., Sauvage D., Lelord G., (1987). The presence or absence of certain behaviours associated with infantile autism in severely retarded autistic and nonautistic retarded children and very young normal children Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 17:407–416PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cherry K. M., Matson J. L., Paclawskyj T. R., (1997). Pychopathology in older adults with severe and profound mental retardation American Journal on Mental Retardation 101:445–458PubMed Cherry K. M., Matson J. L., Paclawskyj T. R., (1997). Pychopathology in older adults with severe and profound mental retardation American Journal on Mental Retardation 101:445–458PubMed
go back to reference DiLavore P. C., Lord C., Rutter M., (1995). The Pre-Linguistic Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 25:355–379PubMedCrossRef DiLavore P. C., Lord C., Rutter M., (1995). The Pre-Linguistic Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 25:355–379PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Freeman B. J., Ritvo E. R., Guthrie D., Schroth P., Ball J., (1978). The Behavior Observation Scale for autism Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 17:576–588PubMedCrossRef Freeman B. J., Ritvo E. R., Guthrie D., Schroth P., Ball J., (1978). The Behavior Observation Scale for autism Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 17:576–588PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Leiter R. G., (1948). Leiter International Performance Scale. Stoelting Company. Chicago Leiter R. G., (1948). Leiter International Performance Scale. Stoelting Company. Chicago
go back to reference Lord C., Rutter M., DiLavore P. C., Risi S., (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS). Western Psychological Services. Los Angeles, CA Lord C., Rutter M., DiLavore P. C., Risi S., (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS). Western Psychological Services. Los Angeles, CA
go back to reference Lord C., Rutter M., Goode S., Heemsbergen J., Jordan H., Mawhood L., Schopler E., (1989). Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule: A standardized observation of communicative and social behaviour Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 19:185–212PubMedCrossRef Lord C., Rutter M., Goode S., Heemsbergen J., Jordan H., Mawhood L., Schopler E., (1989). Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule: A standardized observation of communicative and social behaviour Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 19:185–212PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord C., Rutter M., Le Couteur A., (1994). Autism Diagnostic Interview Revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 24:659–685PubMedCrossRef Lord C., Rutter M., Le Couteur A., (1994). Autism Diagnostic Interview Revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 24:659–685PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nordin V., Gillberg C., (1996). Autism spectrum disorders in children with physical or mental disability or both. I: Clinical and epidemiological aspects Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 38:297–313PubMedCrossRef Nordin V., Gillberg C., (1996). Autism spectrum disorders in children with physical or mental disability or both. I: Clinical and epidemiological aspects Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 38:297–313PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schouten H. J., (1986). Nominal scale agreement among observers Psychometrika 51:453–466CrossRef Schouten H. J., (1986). Nominal scale agreement among observers Psychometrika 51:453–466CrossRef
go back to reference Sparrow S., Balla D., Cicchetti D., (1984). Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale. American Guidance Services. Circle Pines, MN Sparrow S., Balla D., Cicchetti D., (1984). Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale. American Guidance Services. Circle Pines, MN
go back to reference Starr E., Berument S. K., Pickles A., Tomlins M., Bailey A., Papanikolaou K., Rutter M., (2001). A family genetic study of autism associated with profound mental retardation Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 31:89–96PubMedCrossRef Starr E., Berument S. K., Pickles A., Tomlins M., Bailey A., Papanikolaou K., Rutter M., (2001). A family genetic study of autism associated with profound mental retardation Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 31:89–96PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stutsman R., (1948). Guide for administering the Merrill–Palmer Scale of Mental Tests. Harcourt, Brace and World. New York Stutsman R., (1948). Guide for administering the Merrill–Palmer Scale of Mental Tests. Harcourt, Brace and World. New York
go back to reference Thompson T. J., Berkson G., (1985). Stereotyped behaviour of severely disabled children in classroom and free-play settings American Journal of Mental Deficiency 89:580–586PubMed Thompson T. J., Berkson G., (1985). Stereotyped behaviour of severely disabled children in classroom and free-play settings American Journal of Mental Deficiency 89:580–586PubMed
go back to reference Vig S., Jedrysek E., (1999). Autistic features in young children with significant cognitive impairment: Autism or mental retardation? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 29:235–248PubMedCrossRef Vig S., Jedrysek E., (1999). Autistic features in young children with significant cognitive impairment: Autism or mental retardation? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 29:235–248PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference World Health Organization (1993). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders. Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: WHO World Health Organization (1993). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders. Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: WHO
go back to reference Wing L., (1981). Language, social, and cognitive impairments in autism and severe mental retardation Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11:31–44PubMedCrossRef Wing L., (1981). Language, social, and cognitive impairments in autism and severe mental retardation Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11:31–44PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Pre-Linguistic Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Adapted for Older Individuals with Severe to Profound Mental Retardation: A Pilot Study
Auteurs
Sibel Kazak Berument
Elizabeth Starr
Andrew Pickles
Megan Tomlins
Katerina Papanikolauou
Catherine Lord
Michael Rutter
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2005
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2005
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-005-0027-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2005

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2005 Naar de uitgave

OriginalPaper

Ask the Editor

OriginalPaper

Acknowledgement