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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2012

01-08-2012 | Original Article

Perceived Competence and Depressive Symptoms Among Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Attributional Style

Auteurs: Jungmeen Kim-Spoon, Thomas H. Ollendick, Laura D. Seligman

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2012

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Abstract

This longitudinal study examined the interactive effects of depressive attributional style and multiple domains of perceived competence on depressive symptoms among 431 adolescents. Our structural equation modeling with latent factor interactions indicated that (1) for girls with a higher depressive attributional style, lower perceived competence in physical appearance was predictive of depressive symptoms over a 2.5 year period, and (2) regardless of gender, among adolescents with a higher depressive attributional style, lower athletic competence was predictive of higher depressive symptoms 6 months later, which in turn were related to higher depressive symptoms 2 years later. Significant main effects suggested that lower levels of perceived social acceptance were associated with higher subsequent levels of depressive symptoms but only for boys. These findings have implications for understanding the roles of perceived competence and attributional style in predicting depressive symptoms among adolescent girls and boys.
Voetnoten
1
Alpha may be low because of lack of homogeneity of variances among items. As Hilsman and Garber [29] suggested, lack of internal consistency may not be as problematic if the underlying attributional style is not a unitary factor but consists of more heterogeneous domain-specific attributions that have an additive effect in the same direction, as we show in the results of confirmatory factor analysis.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Perceived Competence and Depressive Symptoms Among Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Attributional Style
Auteurs
Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Thomas H. Ollendick
Laura D. Seligman
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2012
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-012-0287-0