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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2021

23-04-2021

PAI-A Predictors of Treatment Response in a DBT-A-Informed Intervention for Adolescent Boys

Auteurs: Nora E. Charles, Paula N. Floyd, Brian A. Bulla, Christopher T. Barry, Joye C. Anestis

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 4/2021

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Abstract

Evidence-based assessment (EBA) involves using empirically validated psychological assessment measures to inform case conceptualization and treatment planning. EBA can improve clinical care by providing information relevant for treatment targets and expectations and can clarify how specific client characteristics may be associated with treatment outcomes. Research on EBA practices in relation to particularly challenging clinical problems (e.g., borderline personality disorder) can be especially useful for practitioners. The current study examines Personality Assessment Inventory-Adolescent (PAI-A) predictors of treatment completion, therapeutic alliance, and symptom change in a sample of 44 adolescent boys (Mage = 16.70, SD = 0.56; 75.0% White) in a residential boot camp program for at-risk youths. Participants completed Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescents-informed skills training groups. PAI-A scales related to somatic complaints, depression, antisocial traits, aggression, borderline traits, problematic alcohol use, and interpersonal dominance, as well as an index measuring overall clinical severity, distinguished adolescents who completed the intervention from those who discontinued the intervention. Adolescents with more borderline personality features reported more modest improvements in emotion dysregulation. Additionally, interpersonal warmth was positively related to therapeutic alliance suggesting that client interpersonal style is an important contributor to client-rated therapeutic alliance.

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Metagegevens
Titel
PAI-A Predictors of Treatment Response in a DBT-A-Informed Intervention for Adolescent Boys
Auteurs
Nora E. Charles
Paula N. Floyd
Brian A. Bulla
Christopher T. Barry
Joye C. Anestis
Publicatiedatum
23-04-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-021-09886-z