Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-9688-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The original version of this article was revised due to a retrospective Open Access order.
A correction to this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-9693-3.
The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) is a questionnaire developed to assess the five domains represented in the alternative model for personality disorders proposed in Section III of the DSM-5. This study examined the ability of the PID-5 to distinguish between different mental disorders compared to a questionnaire measure of the five-factor model (FFM) of normative personality. The study included the administration of the PID-5 and Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R), a measure of the FFM, to treatment-seeking individuals with Depressive, Bipolar, Psychotic, and Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD). Diagnostic groups were compared at the domain level of PID-5 and NEO PI-R, with sex and age as covariates. The main findings on the PID-5 included higher Detachment scores for Bipolar and Depressive Disorders than Psychotic and AUDs, lower Psychoticism/higher Disinhibition scores for the AUD group compared to all other groups, and lower Negative Affect for the Psychotic Disorders versus AUD group. On the NEO PI-R, the AUD diagnostic group was associated with lower Conscientiousness and Agreeableness scores compared to all other groups, and lower Neuroticism scores than the Bipolar and Depressive groups. Group pairwise comparisons did not appear to show many differences between the PID-5 and NEO PI-R. The results suggest that the alternative DSM-5 model for personality disorders may have clinical utility in distinguishing personality profiles between diagnostic groups. These findings emphasize the importance of additional research on the capacity of maladaptive personality to contribute to the assessment of differential diagnoses.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. CrossRef
Bagby, R. M., Bindseil, K. D., Schuller, D. R., Rector, N. A., Young, L. T., Cooke, R. G., et al. (1997). Relationship between the five-factor model of personality and unipolar, bipolar. and schizophrenic patients. Psychiatry Research, 70, 83–94. PubMed
Clark, L. A. (1993). Personality disorder diagnosis: Limitations of the five-factor model. Psychological Inquiry, 4, 100–104. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
Costa Jr., P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Dinzeo, T. J., & Docherty, N. M. (2007). Normal personality characteristics in schizophrenia: A review of the literature involving the FFM. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195(5), 421–429. PubMed
First, M. B., & Gibbon, M. (2004). The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders (SCID-I) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II disorders (SCID-II). In M. J. Hilsenroth, D. L. Segal, & M. Hersen (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of psychological assessment. Volume 2, Personality assessment (pp. 138–140). Hoboken, NH: John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (1996). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders. New York, NY: NY State Psychiatric Institute.
Krueger, R. F., Markon, K. E., Watson, D., & Skodol, A. E. (2013). The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5)-Adult (Full Version). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Malouff, J. M., Thorsteinsson, E. B., & Schutte, N. S. (2005). The relationship between the five-factor model of personality and symptoms of clinical disorders: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 27(2), 101–114. CrossRef
Narrow, W. E., Clarke, D. E., Kuramoto, S. J., Kraemer, H. C., Kupfer, D. J., Greiner, L., & Regier, D. A. (2013). DSM-5 field trials in the United States and Canada, Part III: development and reliability testing of a cross-cutting symptom assessment for DSM-5. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 71–82. CrossRefPubMed
Sleep, C. E., Hyatt, C. S., Lamkin, J., Maples-Keller, J. L., & Miller, J. D. (2017). Examining the relations among the DSM-5 alternative model of personality, the five-factor model, and externalizing and internalizing behavior. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, & Treatment. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000240.
Terracciano, A., Löckenhoff, C. E., Crum, R. M., Bienvenu, O. J., & Costa, P. T. (2008). Five-factor model personality profiles of drug users. BMC Psychiatry, 8, 1–10. CrossRef
- Normative and Maladaptive Personality Trait Models of Mood, Psychotic, and Substance Use Disorders
Laura M. Heath
Christian S. Hendershot
Lena C. Quilty
R. Michael Bagby
- Springer US
- Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505