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Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis 3/2008

01-06-2008 | Artikelen

Neuroanatomie van de dwangstoornis

Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis | Uitgave 3/2008

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Samenvatting

De obsessieve compulsieve stoornis (ocs; in het Engels ‘obsessive-compulsive disorder’, afgekort tot ocd en in het Nederlands ook wel dwangstoornis genoemd) is een veelvoorkomende en chronische neuropsychiatrische stoornis die gekenmerkt wordt door obsessies (dwanggedachten) en compulsies (dwanghandelingen). Obsessies zijn steeds terugkerende intrusieve gedachten of beelden die als opdringend en niet-eigen beleefd worden. Ze veroorzaken angst of spanning. Als reactie op dit ongemak worden ter neutralisatie compulsies uitgevoerd. Compulsies zijn repetitieve gedragingen zoals controlehandelingen of mentale activiteiten zoals het opzeggen van goede gedachten. Deze kennen vaak een ritueel karakter of moeten uitgevoerd worden volgens strikte regels. De diagnose ocs wordt vastgesteld als de klachten meer dan één uur per dag bestaan en significant interfereren met het dagelijkse leven.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Neuroanatomie van de dwangstoornis
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2008
Gepubliceerd in
Neuropraxis / Uitgave 3/2008
Print ISSN: 1387-5817
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5785
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03077124

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