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29-10-2020 | Original Paper

Negative Controlling Parenting and Child Personality as Modifiers of Psychosocial Development in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A 9-Year Longitudinal Study at the Level of Within-Person Change

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Auteurs:
Lana E. De Clercq, Lisa M. Dieleman, Jolene van der Kaap-Deeder, Bart Soenens, Peter Prinzie, Sarah S. W. De Pauw
Belangrijke opmerkingen
The authors have previously published on this dataset (De Pauw et al. 2011; Dieleman et al. 2017). However, this is the first paper that (a) maps out intra-individual changes in parenting and psychosocial functioning and (b) examines the personality-parenting interplay on psychosocial development in the context of autism.

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Abstract

This nine-year longitudinal study addresses the joint contribution of parent-rated negative controlling parenting and child personality on psychosocial outcomes in 141 families of children with autism spectrum disorder (83% boys, mean age Time 1 = 10.1). Latent change modeling revealed substantial variation in within-person change in parenting and psychosocial outcomes across a six- and three-year-interval. Over time, negative controlling parenting and child personality were consistently related to externalizing problems, whereas child personality was differentially related to internalizing problems and psychosocial strengths. Three personality-by-parenting interactions were significant, suggesting that children with less mature personality traits show more externalizing behaviors in the presence of controlling parenting. This study identified both parenting and child personality as important modifiers of developmental outcomes in youth with autism.

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