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01-06-2007 | Original Paper | Uitgave 3/2007 Open Access

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3/2007

Multiple Determinants of Externalizing Behavior in 5-Year-Olds: A Longitudinal Model

Tijdschrift:
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology > Uitgave 3/2007
Auteurs:
Sanny Smeekens, J. Marianne Riksen-Walraven, Hedwig J. A. van Bakel

Abstract

In a community sample of 116 children, assessments of parent-child interaction, parent-child attachment, and various parental, child, and contextual characteristics at 15 and 28 months and at age 5 were used to predict externalizing behavior at age 5, as rated by parents and teachers. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis and path analysis yielded a significant longitudinal model for the prediction of age 5 externalizing behavior, with independent contributions from the following predictors: child sex, partner support reported by the caregiver, disorganized infant-parent attachment at 15 months, child anger proneness at 28 months, and one of the two parent-child interaction factors observed at 28 months, namely negative parent-child interactions. The other, i.e., a lack of effective guidance, predicted externalizing problems only in highly anger-prone children. Furthermore, mediated pathways of influence were found for the parent-child interaction at 15 months (via disorganized attachment) and parental ego-resiliency (via negative parent-child interaction at 28 months).

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