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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2018

03-07-2018 | Original Paper

Measuring Individual Differences in Cognitive, Affective, and Spontaneous Theory of Mind Among School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Melody Altschuler, Georgios Sideridis, Shashwat Kala, Megan Warshawsky, Rachel Gilbert, Devon Carroll, Rebecca Burger-Caplan, Susan Faja

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2018

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Abstract

The present study examined individual differences in theory of mind (ToM) among a group of 60 children (7–11 years-old) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and average intelligence. Using open-ended and structured tasks to measure affective ToM, cognitive ToM, and spontaneous social attribution, we explored the nature of ToM and assessed whether ToM predicts the phenotypic heterogeneity in ASD through structural equation modeling. Affective ToM uniquely predicted social symptom severity, whereas no ToM types predicted parent reported social functioning. Our findings suggest that differentiating among theoretical components is crucial for future ToM research in ASD, and ToM challenges related to reasoning about others’ emotions may be particularly useful in distinguishing children with worse social symptoms of ASD.

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1
All indices were identical to Klin (2000) except the animation index, which was not included in the present study because pilot coding revealed insufficient agreement between coders.
 
2
A proposition, defined as a verb plus its complement, served as the narrative unit for scoring all index scores obtained from narratives 1 through 7.
 
3
The Monte Carlo simulation routines are available from the second author upon request.
 
4
For a critical value of 3.84 Chi square units.
 
5
For a critical value of 30.144 Chi square units.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Measuring Individual Differences in Cognitive, Affective, and Spontaneous Theory of Mind Among School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Melody Altschuler
Georgios Sideridis
Shashwat Kala
Megan Warshawsky
Rachel Gilbert
Devon Carroll
Rebecca Burger-Caplan
Susan Faja
Publicatiedatum
03-07-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3663-1