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30-08-2016 | Uitgave 4/2017

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2017

Maternal Sensitivity: a Resilience Factor against Internalizing Symptoms in Early Adolescents Born Very Preterm?

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 4/2017
Auteurs:
Noémie Faure, Stéphanie Habersaat, Mathilde Morisod Harari, Carole Müller-Nix, Ayala Borghini, François Ansermet, Jean-François Tolsa, Sébastien Urben
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10802-016-0194-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Key points
- Adolescents born preterm are more at risk for internalizing problems, especially anxiety and depression, compared with their full-term born counterparts.
- Maternal sensitivity has been shown to be a resilience factor for the development of preterm children until school-age.
- Maternal sensitivity is crucial for preterm development until adolescence.
- This is the first longitudinal study that underlines the moderating effect of early maternal sensitivity on psychopathological symptoms in early adolescence.

Abstract

Compared with full-terms, preterm individuals are more at risk from infancy to adulthood for developing internalizing symptoms. Early maternal interactive behavior, especially maternal sensitivity, has been found to be a resilience factor in the developmental outcome of preterm children. The present longitudinal study aimed at examining whether early interactive parenting behaviors have a long term impact on the internalizing symptoms of preterm-born young adolescents. A total sample of 36 very preterm and 22 full-term children participated in an 11-year follow-up study. Maternal interactive behavior was assessed during a mother–infant interaction when the infant was 18 months old. At 11 years, internalizing symptoms were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that the interaction between groups (preterm/full-term) and maternal sensitivity at 18 months significantly explained CBCL internalizing symptoms at 11 years (β = −0.526; p < 0.05). Specifically, although prematurity was related to internalizing problems, preterm children with higher maternal sensitivity did not differ from their full-term-born peers on the CBCL internalizing problems domain. These results suggest that maternal sensitivity is a long-term resilience factor preventing the development of internalizing problems at early adolescence in very preterm individuals.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary Table S1 (DOCX 17 kb)
10802_2016_194_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatuur
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