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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 6/2007

01-12-2007

Maternal and Paternal Depressive Symptoms and Child Maladjustment: The Mediating Role of Parental Behavior

Auteurs: Frank J. Elgar, Rosemary S. L. Mills, Patrick J. McGrath, Daniel A. Waschbusch, Douglas A. Brownridge

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 6/2007

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Abstract

This study examined parental behaviors as mediators in links between depressive symptoms in mothers and fathers and child adjustment problems. Participants were 4,184 parents and 6,048 10- to 15-year-olds enrolled in the 1998 and 2000 cycles of the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Mothers and fathers self-reported symptoms of depression at Times 1 and 2 and their children assessed parental nurturance, rejection, and monitoring and self-reported internalizing and externalizing problems and prosocial behavior at Time 2. Hierarchical linear modeling showed evidence of mediation involving all three domains of parental behavior. Findings supported the hypothesis that the quality of the child’s rearing environment is one mechanism that carries risk to children of depressed parents. Interventions for parents whose symptoms of depression interfere with parenting responsibilities could help reduce the risk of some childhood disorders.
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1
Figures include parents who reported more than one ethnic origin, which is why the percentages add to more than 100%. Aboriginal children were underrepresented because the NLSCY did not survey children living on reserves and in the Yukon and Northwest Territories.
 
2
Income adequacy scores were: 1 (less than $10,000 for 1–4 persons or less than $15,000 for five or more persons); 2 ($10,000 to $14,999 for one or two persons, $10,000 to $19,999 for three or four persons, or $15,000 to $29,999 for five or more persons); 3 ($15,000 to $29,999 for one or two persons, $20,000 to $39,999 for three or four persons, or $30,000 to $59,999 for five or more persons); 4 ($30,000 to $59,999 for one or two persons, $40,000 to $79,999 for three or four persons, or $60,000 to $79,999 for five or more persons); and 5 (more than $60,000 for one or two persons or more than $80,000 for three or more persons).
 
3
Although data on hyperactivity symptoms were also available and tend to correlate highly with aggressive conduct problems in children (Waschbusch 2002), these data were excluded from this study because the behaviors were measured using self-reports. Past research supports the reliability and validity of children’s self-reports of aggressive conduct problems but has found limited value in children’s self-reports of hyperactivity (Jensen et al. 1999; Loeber et al. 1989).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Maternal and Paternal Depressive Symptoms and Child Maladjustment: The Mediating Role of Parental Behavior
Auteurs
Frank J. Elgar
Rosemary S. L. Mills
Patrick J. McGrath
Daniel A. Waschbusch
Douglas A. Brownridge
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 6/2007
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9145-0