Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 1/2014

01-03-2014

Looking After Number One: Associations Between Psychopathic Traits and Measures of Social Motivation and Functioning in a Community Sample of Males

Auteurs: Lucy Foulkes, Ana Seara-Cardoso, Craig S. Neumann, John S. C. Rogers, Essi Viding

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 1/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Individuals with high levels of psychopathic traits do not typically form enduring bonds with others. However, few studies have documented the associations between psychopathic traits and social functioning. This study systematically explored associations between psychopathic traits and a number of measures characterising social/material goals, social beliefs and the need for belonging, providing a comprehensive assessment of aspects of social functioning associated with psychopathic personality traits. Additionally, a novel experimental vignettes task assessed the extent to which participants identified dominance in themselves and admired this trait in others. Community males with high levels of psychopathic traits appeared not to be motivated by meaningful, long-term relationships. Instead, they seemed to be motivated by goals relating to their own image and financial success. Additionally, these individuals admired dominance in others, but did not clearly identify this trait in themselves. Thus, this study is one of the first to empirically explore multiple areas of social functioning in relation to psychopathic traits, with a view to understanding the social motivations of individuals with high levels of these traits. The findings provide empirical evidence that individuals with high levels of psychopathic traits seem motivated to look after themselves, but not others.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
The more recent four-factor model of psychopathy can easily be viewed in terms of the traditional two-factor model (e.g. Hare and Neumann 2008). The latter model was chosen for the current study as it allows the study to be integrated with the wealth of literature using the Psychopathic Checklist-Revised (Hare 2003) and its two-factor conception of psychopathy.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Allan, S., & Gilbert, P. (1995). A social comparison scale: psychometric properties and relationship to psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, 293–299. CrossRef Allan, S., & Gilbert, P. (1995). A social comparison scale: psychometric properties and relationship to psychopathology. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, 293–299. CrossRef
go back to reference Andershed, H., Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Levander, S. (2002). Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: A new assessment tool. In E. Blaauw & L. Sheridan (Eds.), Psychopaths: Current international perspectives (pp. 131–158). The Hague: Elsevier. Andershed, H., Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Levander, S. (2002). Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: A new assessment tool. In E. Blaauw & L. Sheridan (Eds.), Psychopaths: Current international perspectives (pp. 131–158). The Hague: Elsevier.
go back to reference Baird, S. A. (2002). The links between primary and secondary psychopathy and social adaptation. Colgate University Journal of the Sciences, 34, 61–82. Baird, S. A. (2002). The links between primary and secondary psychopathy and social adaptation. Colgate University Journal of the Sciences, 34, 61–82.
go back to reference Bartels, A., & Zeki, S. (2004). The neural correlates of maternal and romantic love. NeuroImage, 21, 1155–1166. PubMedCrossRef Bartels, A., & Zeki, S. (2004). The neural correlates of maternal and romantic love. NeuroImage, 21, 1155–1166. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497–529. Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497–529.
go back to reference Benjamini, Y., & Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological), 57, 289–300. Benjamini, Y., & Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological), 57, 289–300.
go back to reference Blackburn, R., & Fawcett, D. J. (1996). Manual for the Antisocial Personality Questionnaire (APQ). Unpublished manuscript, University of Liverpool. Blackburn, R., & Fawcett, D. J. (1996). Manual for the Antisocial Personality Questionnaire (APQ). Unpublished manuscript, University of Liverpool.
go back to reference Blackburn, R., & Maybury, C. (1985). Identifying the psychopath: the relation of Cleckley’s criteria to the interpersonal domain. Personality and Individual Differences, 6, 375–386. CrossRef Blackburn, R., & Maybury, C. (1985). Identifying the psychopath: the relation of Cleckley’s criteria to the interpersonal domain. Personality and Individual Differences, 6, 375–386. CrossRef
go back to reference Blair, R. J. R., Mitchell, D., & Blair, K. (2005). The psychopath: Emotion and the brain. Malden: Blackwell. Blair, R. J. R., Mitchell, D., & Blair, K. (2005). The psychopath: Emotion and the brain. Malden: Blackwell.
go back to reference Buckholtz, J. W., Treadway, M. T., Cowan, R. L., Woodward, N. D., Benning, S. D., Li, R., et al. (2010). Mesolimbic dopamine reward system hypersensitivity in individuals with psychopathic traits. Nature Neuroscience, 13, 419–421. Buckholtz, J. W., Treadway, M. T., Cowan, R. L., Woodward, N. D., Benning, S. D., Li, R., et al. (2010). Mesolimbic dopamine reward system hypersensitivity in individuals with psychopathic traits. Nature Neuroscience, 13, 419–421.
go back to reference Buss, A. H. (1983). Social rewards and personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 553–563. CrossRef Buss, A. H. (1983). Social rewards and personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 553–563. CrossRef
go back to reference Cale, E. M., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2006). Psychopathy factors and the risk for aggressive behavior: a test of the “threatened egotism” hypothesis. Law and Human Behavior, 30, 51–74. PubMedCrossRef Cale, E. M., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2006). Psychopathy factors and the risk for aggressive behavior: a test of the “threatened egotism” hypothesis. Law and Human Behavior, 30, 51–74. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cleckley, H. (1976). The mask of sanity: An attempt to clarify some issues about the so-called psychopathic personality (5th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby. Cleckley, H. (1976). The mask of sanity: An attempt to clarify some issues about the so-called psychopathic personality (5th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
go back to reference Falkenbach, D. M., Howe, J. R., & Falki, M. (2013). Using self-esteem to disaggregate psychopathy, narcissism, and aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 815–820. CrossRef Falkenbach, D. M., Howe, J. R., & Falki, M. (2013). Using self-esteem to disaggregate psychopathy, narcissism, and aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 815–820. CrossRef
go back to reference Gaughan, E. T., Miller, J. D., Pryor, L. R., & Lynam, D. R. (2009). Comparing two alternative measures of general personality in the assessment of psychopathy: a test of the NEO PI-R and the MPQ. Journal of Personality, 77, 965–996. PubMedCrossRef Gaughan, E. T., Miller, J. D., Pryor, L. R., & Lynam, D. R. (2009). Comparing two alternative measures of general personality in the assessment of psychopathy: a test of the NEO PI-R and the MPQ. Journal of Personality, 77, 965–996. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Grouzet, F. M. E., Kasser, T., Ahuvia, A., Fernandez-Dols, J. M., Kim, Y., Lau, S., et al. (2005). The structure of goal contents across 15 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 800–816. PubMedCrossRef Grouzet, F. M. E., Kasser, T., Ahuvia, A., Fernandez-Dols, J. M., Kim, Y., Lau, S., et al. (2005). The structure of goal contents across 15 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 800–816. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hare, R. D. (1999). Without conscience: The disturbing world of the psychopaths among us. New York: Guilford Press. Hare, R. D. (1999). Without conscience: The disturbing world of the psychopaths among us. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hare, R. D. (2003). Hare psychopathy checklist—revised (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems. Hare, R. D. (2003). Hare psychopathy checklist—revised (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Hare, R. D., & Neumann, C. S. (2008). Psychopathy as a clinical and empirical construct. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 4, 217–246. PubMedCrossRef Hare, R. D., & Neumann, C. S. (2008). Psychopathy as a clinical and empirical construct. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 4, 217–246. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hicks, B. M., & Patrick, C. J. (2006). Psychopathy and negative emotionality: analyses of suppressor effects reveal distinct relations with emotional distress, fearfulness, and anger-hostility. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 276–287. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Hicks, B. M., & Patrick, C. J. (2006). Psychopathy and negative emotionality: analyses of suppressor effects reveal distinct relations with emotional distress, fearfulness, and anger-hostility. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 276–287. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., Webster, G. D., & Schmitt, D. P. (2009). The dark triad: facilitating a short-term mating strategy in men. European Journal of Personality, 23, 5–18. CrossRef Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., Webster, G. D., & Schmitt, D. P. (2009). The dark triad: facilitating a short-term mating strategy in men. European Journal of Personality, 23, 5–18. CrossRef
go back to reference Jonason, P. K., Valentine, K. A., Li, N. P., & Harbeson, C. L. (2011). Mate-selection and the dark triad: facilitating a short-term mating strategy and creating a volatile environment. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 759–763. CrossRef Jonason, P. K., Valentine, K. A., Li, N. P., & Harbeson, C. L. (2011). Mate-selection and the dark triad: facilitating a short-term mating strategy and creating a volatile environment. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 759–763. CrossRef
go back to reference Jonason, P. K., Luevano, V. X., & Adams, H. M. (2012). How the dark triad traits predict relationship choices. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 180–184. Jonason, P. K., Luevano, V. X., & Adams, H. M. (2012). How the dark triad traits predict relationship choices. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 180–184.
go back to reference Kasser, T., & Ryan, R. M. (1993). A dark side of the American dream: correlates of financial success as a central life aspiration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 410–422. PubMedCrossRef Kasser, T., & Ryan, R. M. (1993). A dark side of the American dream: correlates of financial success as a central life aspiration. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 410–422. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Leary, M. R., Kelly, K. M., Cottrell, C. A., & Schreindorfer, L. S. (2007). Individual differences in the need to belong: Mapping the nomological network. Unpublished manuscript, Duke University. Leary, M. R., Kelly, K. M., Cottrell, C. A., & Schreindorfer, L. S. (2007). Individual differences in the need to belong: Mapping the nomological network. Unpublished manuscript, Duke University.
go back to reference Lilienfeld, S. O., & Fowler, K. A. (2006). The self-report assessment of psychopathy: Assessment, pitfalls and promises. In C. J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 107–132). New York: Guilford Press. Lilienfeld, S. O., & Fowler, K. A. (2006). The self-report assessment of psychopathy: Assessment, pitfalls and promises. In C. J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 107–132). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Lilienfeld, S. O., & Widows, M. R. (2005). Psychopathic personality inventory—revised: Professional Manuel. Lutz: Psychological Assessment Resources. Lilienfeld, S. O., & Widows, M. R. (2005). Psychopathic personality inventory—revised: Professional Manuel. Lutz: Psychological Assessment Resources.
go back to reference Lynam, D. R., Gaughan, E. T., Miller, J. D., Miller, D. J., Mullins-Sweatt, S., & Widiger, T. A. (2011). Assessing the basic traits associated with psychopathy: development and validation of the elemental psychopathy assessment. Psychological Assessment, 23, 108–124. PubMedCrossRef Lynam, D. R., Gaughan, E. T., Miller, J. D., Miller, D. J., Mullins-Sweatt, S., & Widiger, T. A. (2011). Assessing the basic traits associated with psychopathy: development and validation of the elemental psychopathy assessment. Psychological Assessment, 23, 108–124. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mehrabian, A., & Hines, M. (1978). A questionnaire measure of individual differences in dominance-submissiveness. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 38, 479–484. CrossRef Mehrabian, A., & Hines, M. (1978). A questionnaire measure of individual differences in dominance-submissiveness. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 38, 479–484. CrossRef
go back to reference Morrison, D., & Gilbert, P. (2001). Social rank, shame and anger in primary and secondary psychopaths. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 12, 330–356. CrossRef Morrison, D., & Gilbert, P. (2001). Social rank, shame and anger in primary and secondary psychopaths. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 12, 330–356. CrossRef
go back to reference Munoz, L. C., Kerr, M., & Besic, N. (2008). The peer relationships of youths with psychopathic personality traits: a matter of perspective. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35, 212–227. CrossRef Munoz, L. C., Kerr, M., & Besic, N. (2008). The peer relationships of youths with psychopathic personality traits: a matter of perspective. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35, 212–227. CrossRef
go back to reference Paulhus, D. L., Neumann, C. S., & Hare, R. D. (in press). Manual for the self-report psychopathy scale (4th ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems. Paulhus, D. L., Neumann, C. S., & Hare, R. D. (in press). Manual for the self-report psychopathy scale (4th ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Schmitt, N. (1996). Uses and abuses of coefficient alpha. Psychological Assessment, 8, 350–353. CrossRef Schmitt, N. (1996). Uses and abuses of coefficient alpha. Psychological Assessment, 8, 350–353. CrossRef
go back to reference Seara-Cardoso, A., Neumann, C., Roiser, J., McCrory, E., & Viding, E. (2012). Investigating associations between empathy, morality and psychopathic personality traits in the general population. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 67–71. CrossRef Seara-Cardoso, A., Neumann, C., Roiser, J., McCrory, E., & Viding, E. (2012). Investigating associations between empathy, morality and psychopathic personality traits in the general population. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 67–71. CrossRef
go back to reference Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Kasser, T. (2004). The independent effects of goal contents and motives on well-being: it’s both what you pursue and why you pursue it. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 475–486. PubMedCrossRef Sheldon, K. M., Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L., & Kasser, T. (2004). The independent effects of goal contents and motives on well-being: it’s both what you pursue and why you pursue it. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 475–486. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wiggins, J. S. (1979). A psychological taxonomy of trait-descriptive terms: The interpersonal domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 395. Wiggins, J. S. (1979). A psychological taxonomy of trait-descriptive terms: The interpersonal domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 395.
go back to reference Wilson, K., Demetrioff, S., & Porter, S. (2008). A pawn by any other name? Social information processing as a function of psychopathic traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1651–1656. CrossRef Wilson, K., Demetrioff, S., & Porter, S. (2008). A pawn by any other name? Social information processing as a function of psychopathic traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1651–1656. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Looking After Number One: Associations Between Psychopathic Traits and Measures of Social Motivation and Functioning in a Community Sample of Males
Auteurs
Lucy Foulkes
Ana Seara-Cardoso
Craig S. Neumann
John S. C. Rogers
Essi Viding
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 1/2014
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-013-9381-2