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01-03-2014 | Uitgave 1/2014 Open Access

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 1/2014

A New Measure to Assess Psychopathic Personality in Children: The Child Problematic Traits Inventory

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 1/2014
Auteurs:
Olivier F. Colins, Henrik Andershed, Louise Frogner, Laura Lopez-Romero, Violaine Veen, Anna-Karin Andershed

Abstract

Understanding the development of psychopathic personality from childhood to adulthood is crucial for understanding the development and stability of severe and long-lasting conduct problems and criminal behavior. This paper describes the development of a new teacher rated instrument to assess psychopathic personality from age three to 12, the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI). The reliability and validity of the CPTI was tested in a Swedish general population sample of 2,056 3- to 5-year-olds (mean age = 3.86; SD = .86; 53 % boys). The CPTI items loaded distinctively on three theoretically proposed factors: a Grandiose-Deceitful Factor, a Callous-Unemotional factor, and an Impulsive-Need for Stimulation factor. The three CPTI factors showed reliability in internal consistency and external validity, in terms of expected correlations with theoretically relevant constructs (e.g., fearlessness). The interaction between the three CPTI factors was a stronger predictor of concurrent conduct problems than any of the three individual CPTI factors, showing that it is important to assess all three factors of the psychopathic personality construct in early childhood. In conclusion, the CPTI seems to reliably and validly assess a constellation of traits that is similar to psychopathic personality as manifested in adolescence and adulthood.

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