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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 3/2023

13-03-2023 | Original Article

Longitudinal Relations Between Emotion Regulation and Internalizing Symptoms in Emerging Adults During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Auteurs: Xinran Niu, Morgan M. Taylor, Jennifer J. Wicks, Alyssa N. Fassett-Carman, Amelia D. Moser, Chiara Neilson, Elena C. Peterson, Roselinde H. Kaiser, Hannah R. Snyder

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 3/2023

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Abstract

Background

Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation are putative risk and protective factors for depression and anxiety, but most prior research does not differentiate within-person effects from between-person individual differences. The current study does so during the early part of the Covid-19 pandemic when internalizing symptoms were high.

Methods

A sample of emerging adult undergraduate students (N = 154) completed online questionnaires bi-weekly on depression, anxiety, and emotion regulation across eight weeks during the early days of the Covid-19 pandemic (April 2nd to June 27th, 2020).

Results

Depression demonstrated significantly positive between-person correlations with overall maladaptive emotion regulation, catastrophizing, and self-blame, and negative correlations with overall adaptive emotion regulation and reappraisal. Anxiety demonstrated significantly positive between-person correlations with overall maladaptive emotion regulation, rumination, and catastrophizing, and a negative correlation with reappraisal. After controlling for these between-person associations, however, there were generally no within-person associations between emotion regulation and internalizing symptoms.

Conclusions

Emotion regulation and internalizing symptoms might be temporally stable individual differences that cooccur with one another as opposed to having a more dynamic relation. Alternatively, these dynamic mechanisms might operate over much shorter or longer periods compared to the two-week time lag in the current study.
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Voetnoten
1
Pre-registration, data, and syntax/analysis output files are available at https://​osf.​io/​8qkfp/​.
 
2
The first additional analysis (comparing between-person and within-person effects) and second additional analysis (comparing maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation) were not pre-registered but were added during the review process per a reviewer’s request.
 
3
We additionally preregistered testing stress controllability as a moderator for the effects of planning, reappraisal, and acceptance on depression and anxiety. However, we later learned that analyses with continuous moderators of within-person effects have not been developed for RI-CLPM models in MPlus (Orth et al., 2022). Therefore, we were unable to conduct this planned analysis.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Longitudinal Relations Between Emotion Regulation and Internalizing Symptoms in Emerging Adults During the Covid-19 Pandemic
Auteurs
Xinran Niu
Morgan M. Taylor
Jennifer J. Wicks
Alyssa N. Fassett-Carman
Amelia D. Moser
Chiara Neilson
Elena C. Peterson
Roselinde H. Kaiser
Hannah R. Snyder
Publicatiedatum
13-03-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-023-10366-9

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