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24-09-2021 | REVIEW

Investigating the Influence of Self-Compassion-Focused Interventions on Posttraumatic Stress: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Auteurs: Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Yi Lei, Hong Li

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Self-compassion-focused interventions may be able to decrease posttraumatic stress symptoms. However, previous studies demonstrated mixed effects in which a series of confounders were not systematically quantified. In this study, a systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to quantify the effects of self-compassion-focused therapies on posttraumatic stress disorder.

Methods

Twelve eligible studies were included after a systematic search of databases. Outcome measures were extracted for posttraumatic stress disorder.

Results

Our data indicated a medium protective effect on posttraumatic stress symptoms (SMD =  − 0.65), with most of the studies (8/12) coming from clinical settings. More importantly, longer interventions were associated with better posttraumatic stress outcomes (p < 0.001). Baseline or changes in self-compassion scores were not associated with posttraumatic stress outcomes post-interventions.

Conclusions

Overall, findings from this meta-analysis quantified the complex influence of self-compassion-focused interventions on posttraumatic stress symptoms and may provide insights for optimizing intervention strategies. 

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Registration: PROSPERO CRD42020208663.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Investigating the Influence of Self-Compassion-Focused Interventions on Posttraumatic Stress: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Auteurs
Xi Luo
Xianwei Che
Yi Lei
Hong Li
Publicatiedatum
24-09-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01732-3

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