Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The research presented in this paper was supported by grants from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, and the SickKids Foundation.
We discuss preliminary findings from a study that investigated the effectiveness of a Holistic Arts-Based Group Program (HAP) for the development of resilience in children in need. The HAP teaches mindfulness using arts-based methods, and aims to teach children how to understand their feelings and develop their strengths. We assessed the effectiveness of the HAP by using comparison and control groups, and standardized measures. We hypothesized that children who participated in the HAP would have better scores on resilience and self-concept compared with children who took part in an Arts and Crafts group (the comparison group), and children who were waiting to attend the HAP (the control group). A total of 36 children participated in the study; 20 boys aged 8–13 years and 16 girls aged 8–14 years. A mixed-designed MANOVA was conducted using scores from 21 participants. We found evidence that the HAP program was beneficial for the children in that they self-reported lower emotional reactivity (a resilience measure) post-intervention. No changes were noted for perceptions of self-concept. Consideration should be given to how we can attend to young people’s needs in relevant ways as resilience is a condition of a community’s ability to provide resources as much as it is part of an individual’s capacity for growth. Programs such as the HAP can engage children in a creative and meaningful process that is enjoyable and strengths-based.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bishop, S., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., et al. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241. CrossRef
Bogels, S., Hoogstad, B., van Dun, L., de Schutter, S., & Restifo, K. (2008). Mindfulness training for adolescents with externalizing disorders and their parents. Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 193–209. CrossRef
Boyd Webb, N. (2006a). The impact of trauma on youth and families in the child welfare system. In N. Boyd Webb (Ed.), Working with traumatized youth in child welfare (pp. 13–26). New York, New York: The Guilford Press.
Boyd Webb, N. (2006b). Selected treatment approaches for helping traumatized youth. In N. Boyd Webb (Ed.), Working with traumatized youth in child welfare (pp. 93–112). New York, New York: The Guildford Press.
Burke, C. A. (2010). Mindfulness-based approaches with children and adolescents: A preliminary review of current research in an emergent field. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19, 133–144. CrossRef
Butler, R. J., & Gasson, S. L. (2005). Self-esteem/self-concept scales for children and adolescents: A review. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 10, 190–201. CrossRef
Butler, L., Little, L., & Grimard, A. (2009). Research challenges: Implementing standardized outcome measures in a decentralized, community-based residential treatment program. Child & Youth Care Forum, 38, 75–90. CrossRef
Chandler, M., & Lalonde, C. (2008). Cultural continuity as a protective factor against suicide in first nations youth. Horizons, 10, 68–72.
Charles, G., & Matheson, J. (1991). Suicide prevention and intervention with young people in foster care in canada. Child Welfare, 70, 185–191. PubMed
Coholic, D. (2010). Arts activities for children and young people in need: Helping children to develop mindfulness, spiritual awareness and self-esteem. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Coholic, D. (2011). Exploring the feasibility and benefits of arts-based mindfulness-based practices with young people in need: Aiming to improve aspects of self-awareness and resilience. Child Youth Care Forum, doi: 10.1007/s10566-010-9139-x.
Coholic, D., & LeBreton, J. (2007). Working with dreams in a holistic arts-based group: Connections between dream interpretation and spirituality. Social Work With Groups, 30, 47–64. CrossRef
Coholic, D., Lougheed, S., & Cadell, S. (2009a). Exploring the helpfulness of arts-based methods with children living in foster care. Traumatology, 15, 64–71. CrossRef
Coholic, D., Lougheed, S., & LeBreton, J. (2009b). The helpfulness of holistic arts-based group work with children living in foster care. Social Work with Groups, 32, 29–46. CrossRef
Daining, C., & DePanfilis, D. (2007). Resilience of youth in transition from out-of-home care to adulthood. Children & Youth Services Review, 29, 1158–1178. CrossRef
Darley, S., & Heath, W. (2008). The expressive arts activity book. Philadelphia PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Finn, C. (2003). Helping students cope with loss: Incorporating art into group counseling. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 28, 155–165.
Goodman, T. (2005). Working with children: Beginner’s mind. In C. Germer, R. Siegel, & P. Fulton (Eds.), Mindfulness and Psychotherapy (pp. 197–219). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Grief, G., & Ephross, P. (2005). Group work with populations at risk (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Hansen, S. (2006). An expressive arts therapy model with groups for post-traumatic stress disorder. In L. Carey (Ed.), Expressive and Creative Arts Methods for Trauma Survivors (pp. 73–91). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Irwin, E. C. (2006). Peter: A study of cumulative trauma from “robot” to “regular guy”. In L. Carey (Ed.), Expressive and creative arts methods for trauma survivors (pp. 93–113). London\Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Jackson, E., Whitehead, J., & Wigford, A. (2010). In an EBD population do looked after children have specific needs related to resilience, self-perception and attainment? Educational Psychology in Practice, 26, 69–77. CrossRef
James, B. (1989). Treating traumatized children: New insights and creative interventions. Massachusetts: Lexington.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress. pain and illness. USA: Delta.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion.
Klorer, G. (2005). Expressive therapy with severely maltreated children: Neuroscience contributions. Art Therapy, Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 22, 213–220.
Lee, J., Semple, R., Rosa, D., & Miller, L. (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for children: Results of a pilot study. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 22, 15–28. CrossRef
Napoli, M. (2005). Mindfulness training for elementary school students: The attention academy. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 21, 99–125. CrossRef
Norrie McCain, M., & Mustard, F. (1999). Reversing the real brain drain. Early years study: Final report. Toronto, ON: Ontario Children’s Secretariat.
Piers, E. V., Harris, D., & Herzberg, D. (2005). Piers-Harris children’s self-concept scale (2nd ed.). USA: Western Psychological Services.
Pilonis, E. (2007). Competency in generalist practice: A guide to theory and evidence-based decision making. Toronto, ON: Oxford University Press.
Prince-Embury, S. (2008). The resiliency scales for children and adolescents, psychological symptoms, and clinical status in adolescents. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 23, 41–56. CrossRef
Prince-Embury, S. (2010). Psychometric properties of the resiliency scales for children and adolescents and use for youth with psychiartric disorders. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 28, 291–302. CrossRef
Prince-Embury, S., & Courville, T. (2008a). Comparison of one-, two-, and three-factor models of personal resiliency using the resiliency scales for children and adolescents. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 23, 11–25. CrossRef
Prince-Embury, S., & Courville, T. (2008b). Measurement invariance of the resiliency scales for children and adolescents with respect to sex and age cohorts. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 23, 26–40. CrossRef
Prince-Embury, S., & Steer, R. (2010). Profiles of personal resiliency for normative and clinical samples of youth assessed by the resiliency scales for children and adolescents. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 28, 303–314. CrossRef
Robards, F. (2009). Increasing the resilience of young people at risk: A literature review. Randwick: The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Westmead Centre for Clinical Governance Research, University of New South Wales.
Rosch, E. (2007). More than mindfulness: When you have a tiger by the tail, let it eat you. Psychological Inquiry, 18, 258–264. CrossRef
Sadao, K., & Walker, W. (2002). Emancipation for youth with behavior disorders and emotional disturbance: A study of student perceptions. Preventing School Failure, 46, 119–125. CrossRef
Schiraldi, G. (2001). The self-esteem workbook. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.
Semple, R., Lee, J., Rosa, D., & Miller, L. (2010). A randomized trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for children: Promoting mindful attention to enhance social-emotional resiliency in children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19, 218–229. CrossRef
Semple, R., Reid, E., & Miller, L. (2005). Treating anxiety with mindfulness: An open trial of mindfulness training for anxious children. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 19, 379–392. CrossRef
Silvia, P., & O’Brien, M. (2004). Self-awareness and constructive functioning: Revisiting “the human dilemma”. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23, 475–489. CrossRef
Thompson, M., & Gauntlett-Gilbert, J. (2008). Mindfulness with children and adolescents: Effective clinical application. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 13, 396–408. CrossRef
Ungar, M. (2008). Resilience across cultures. British Journal of Social Work, 38, 218–235. CrossRef
Ungar, M., Brown, M., Liebenberg, L., Cheung, M., & Levine, K. (2008). Distinguishing differences in pathways to resilience among canadian youth. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 27, 1–13.
Whitaker, D. (1975). Some conditions for effective work with groups. British Journal of Social Work, 5, 421–439.
Wickam, E. (2003). Group treatment in social work. An integration of theory and practice (2nd ed.). Toronto, Ontario: Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc.
Wikstrom, B. (2005). Communicating via expressive arts: The natural medium of self-expression for hospitalized children. Pediatric Nursing, 31, 480–485. PubMed
- Investigating the Effectiveness of an Arts-Based and Mindfulness-Based Group Program for the Improvement of Resilience in Children in Need
- Springer US