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01-06-2015 | Original Paper

Increased Exposure to Rigid Routines can Lead to Increased Challenging Behavior Following Changes to Those Routines

Auteurs: Leah E. Bull, Chris Oliver, Eleanor Callaghan, Kate A. Woodcock

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2015

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Abstract

Several neurodevelopmental disorders are associated with preference for routine and challenging behavior following changes to routines. We examine individuals with Prader–Willi syndrome, who show elevated levels of this behavior, to better understand how previous experience of a routine can affect challenging behavior elicited by disruption to that routine. Play based challenges exposed 16 participants to routines, which were either adhered to or changed. Temper outburst behaviors, heart rate and movement were measured. As participants were exposed to routines for longer before a change (between 10 and 80 min; within participants), more temper outburst behaviors were elicited by changes. Increased emotional arousal was also elicited, which was indexed by heart rate increases not driven by movement. Further study will be important to understand whether current intervention approaches that limit exposure to changes, may benefit from the structured integration of flexibility to ensure that the opportunity for routine establishment is also limited.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Increased Exposure to Rigid Routines can Lead to Increased Challenging Behavior Following Changes to Those Routines
Auteurs
Leah E. Bull
Chris Oliver
Eleanor Callaghan
Kate A. Woodcock
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2308-2

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