Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 8/2022

01-07-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

How Might Mindfulness-Based Interventions Reduce Job Burnout? Testing a Potential Self-regulation Model with a Randomized Controlled Trial

Auteurs: Yuan Zheng, Xiaodan Gu, Mingyan Jiang, Xianglong Zeng

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 8/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

Previous studies have supported the idea that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) could reduce burnout but lack theory-based explorations of the underlying mechanisms. The integrative view of job demands-resources theory and self-regulation suggests that self-regulation is crucial for coping with job burnout. Based on this theoretical point of view, the present research investigated the effect of MBIs on burnout and the potential mediation between burnout and specific self-regulation traits, including mindfulness, self-compassion, and self-control.

Methods

Study 1 (N = 342; 19.9% managers and 19.9% technologists) collected cross-sectional data utilizing network analysis to explore the complex relations between self-regulation and burnout. Study 2 (N = 156; 30.8% teachers) conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effect of mindfulness-based positive psychology (MBPP) on burnout and the mediating role of the three self-regulation components.

Results

(1) Self-compassion was more related to initiatory than inhibitory self-control; (2) acting with awareness, self-compassion, and inhibitory and initiatory self-control played important roles in the self-regulation and burnout network; (3) MBPP could significantly improve mindfulness, self-control, and self-compassion while protecting against burnout; and (4) acting with awareness mediated the effect of inhibitory self-control on depersonalization.

Conclusions

MBPP has the potential to protect against burnout. Self-regulation mediated the intervention effect on burnout, which supported the integrative view on burnout in MBIs. The findings also supported the necessity to differentiate subcomponents of self-compassion and self-control and suggested a new mechanism by which self-control could benefit the application of mindfulness.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Abenavoli, R. M., Jennings, P. A., Greenberg, M. T., Harris, A. R., & Katz, D. A. (2013). The protective effects of mindfulness against burnout among educators. Psychology of Education Review, 37(2), 57–69. Abenavoli, R. M., Jennings, P. A., Greenberg, M. T., Harris, A. R., & Katz, D. A. (2013). The protective effects of mindfulness against burnout among educators. Psychology of Education Review, 37(2), 57–69.
go back to reference Borsboom, D., Deserno, M. K., Rhemtulla, M., Epskamp, S., Fried, E. I., McNally, R. J., Robinaugh, D. J., Perugini, M., Dalege, J., Costantini, G., Isvoranu, A.-M., Wysocki, A. C., van Borkulo, C. D., van Bork, R., & Waldorp, L. J. (2021). Network analysis of multivariate data in psychological science. Nature Reviews Methods Primers, 1(1), 1–18. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1038/​s43586-021-00055-w CrossRef Borsboom, D., Deserno, M. K., Rhemtulla, M., Epskamp, S., Fried, E. I., McNally, R. J., Robinaugh, D. J., Perugini, M., Dalege, J., Costantini, G., Isvoranu, A.-M., Wysocki, A. C., van Borkulo, C. D., van Bork, R., & Waldorp, L. J. (2021). Network analysis of multivariate data in psychological science. Nature Reviews Methods Primers, 1(1), 1–18. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1038/​s43586-021-00055-w CrossRef
go back to reference Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (2017). Self-regulation of action and affect. In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation (pp. 3–21). Guilford Publications. Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (2017). Self-regulation of action and affect. In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation (pp. 3–21). Guilford Publications.
go back to reference Chen, J., Yan, L., & Zhou, L. (2011). Reliability and validity of Chinese version of self-compassion scale. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19(6), 734–736. Chen, J., Yan, L., & Zhou, L. (2011). Reliability and validity of Chinese version of self-compassion scale. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 19(6), 734–736.
go back to reference Cohen, J. (2013). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Routledge. Cohen, J. (2013). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Routledge.
go back to reference Friese, M., Ostafin, B., & Loschelder, D. D. (2017). Mindfulness as an intervention to improve self-control. In D. de Ridder, M. Adriaanse, & K. Fujita (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of self-control in health and well-being (pp. 431–445). Routledge. CrossRef Friese, M., Ostafin, B., & Loschelder, D. D. (2017). Mindfulness as an intervention to improve self-control. In D. de Ridder, M. Adriaanse, & K. Fujita (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of self-control in health and well-being (pp. 431–445). Routledge. CrossRef
go back to reference Huang, L., Dai, J., Zhang, H., Cheng, W., & Fu, H. (2013). Yiwu renyuan zhiye juandai yu jiankangshengchanli shousun de guanlian [Association between job burnout and health related productivity loss among medical staff]. Huanjing Yu Zhiye Yixue, 30(5), 321–327. Huang, L., Dai, J., Zhang, H., Cheng, W., & Fu, H. (2013). Yiwu renyuan zhiye juandai yu jiankangshengchanli shousun de guanlian [Association between job burnout and health related productivity loss among medical staff]. Huanjing Yu Zhiye Yixue, 30(5), 321–327.
go back to reference Li Chaoping, S. (2003). The influence of distributive justice and procedural justice on job burnout. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 35(05), 677. Li Chaoping, S. (2003). The influence of distributive justice and procedural justice on job burnout. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 35(05), 677.
Metagegevens
Titel
How Might Mindfulness-Based Interventions Reduce Job Burnout? Testing a Potential Self-regulation Model with a Randomized Controlled Trial
Auteurs
Yuan Zheng
Xiaodan Gu
Mingyan Jiang
Xianglong Zeng
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 8/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01927-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 8/2022

Mindfulness 8/2022 Naar de uitgave