Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2/2017

06-09-2016

Global life satisfaction predicts ambulatory affect, stress, and cortisol in daily life in working adults

Auteurs: Joshua M. Smyth, Matthew J. Zawadzki, Vanessa Juth, Christopher N. Sciamanna

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 2/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Global life satisfaction has been linked with long-term health advantages, yet how life satisfaction impacts the trajectory of long-term health is unclear. This paper examines one such possible mechanism—that greater life satisfaction confers momentary benefits in daily life that accumulate over time. A community sample of working adults (n = 115) completed a measure of life satisfaction and then three subsequent days of ecological momentary assessment surveys (6 times/day) measuring affect (i.e., emotional valence, arousal), and perceived stress, and also provided salivary cortisol samples. Multilevel models indicated that people with higher (vs. lower) levels of life satisfaction reported better momentary affect, less stress, marginally lower momentary levels and significantly altered diurnal slopes of cortisol. Findings suggest individuals with high global life satisfaction have advantageous daily experiences, providing initial evidence for potential mechanisms through which global life satisfaction may help explain long-term health benefits.
Literatuur
go back to reference Atienza, A. A., Collins, R., & King, A. C. (2001). The mediating effects of situational control on social support and mood following a stressor: A prospective study of dementia caregivers in their natural environments. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 56, S129–S139. doi: 10.​1093/​geronb/​56.​3.​S129 CrossRef Atienza, A. A., Collins, R., & King, A. C. (2001). The mediating effects of situational control on social support and mood following a stressor: A prospective study of dementia caregivers in their natural environments. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 56, S129–S139. doi: 10.​1093/​geronb/​56.​3.​S129 CrossRef
go back to reference Bjornskov, C. (2010). How comparable are the Gallup world poll life satisfaction data? Journal of Happiness Studies, 11, 41–60. CrossRef Bjornskov, C. (2010). How comparable are the Gallup world poll life satisfaction data? Journal of Happiness Studies, 11, 41–60. CrossRef
go back to reference Brummett, B. H., Boyle, S. H., Kuhn, C. M., Siegler, I. C., & Williams, R. B. (2009). Positive affect is associated with cardiovascular reactivity, norepinephrine level, and morning rise in salivary cortisol. Psychophysiology, 46, 862–869. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Brummett, B. H., Boyle, S. H., Kuhn, C. M., Siegler, I. C., & Williams, R. B. (2009). Positive affect is associated with cardiovascular reactivity, norepinephrine level, and morning rise in salivary cortisol. Psychophysiology, 46, 862–869. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Cantril, H. (1965). The Pattern of Human Concerns. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Cantril, H. (1965). The Pattern of Human Concerns. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
go back to reference Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385–396. CrossRefPubMed Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385–396. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapam & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health: Claremont Symposium on applied social psychology. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapam & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health: Claremont Symposium on applied social psychology. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Collins, A. L., Goldman, N., & Rodríguez, G. (2008). Is positive well-being protective of mobility limitations among older adults? Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 63, 321–327. CrossRef Collins, A. L., Goldman, N., & Rodríguez, G. (2008). Is positive well-being protective of mobility limitations among older adults? Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 63, 321–327. CrossRef
go back to reference Gallagher, M. W., Lopez, S. J., & Pressman, S. D. (2013). Optimism is universal: Exploring the presence and benefits of optimism in a representative sample of the world. Journal of Personality, 81, 429–440. doi: 10.​1111/​jopy.​12026 Gallagher, M. W., Lopez, S. J., & Pressman, S. D. (2013). Optimism is universal: Exploring the presence and benefits of optimism in a representative sample of the world. Journal of Personality, 81, 429–440. doi: 10.​1111/​jopy.​12026
go back to reference Gallup. (2009). World poll methodology. Technical Report. Washington, DC: Gallup. Gallup. (2009). World poll methodology. Technical Report. Washington, DC: Gallup.
go back to reference Grant, N., Wardle, J., & Steptoe, A. (2009). The relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: A cross-cultural analysis of young adults. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16, 259–268. doi: 10.​1007/​s1252 CrossRefPubMed Grant, N., Wardle, J., & Steptoe, A. (2009). The relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: A cross-cultural analysis of young adults. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16, 259–268. doi: 10.​1007/​s1252 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Haley, W. E., LaMonde, L. A., Han, B., Burton, A. M., & Schonwetter, R. (2003). Predictors of depression and life satisfaction among spousal caregivers in hospice: Application of a stress process model. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 6, 215–224. doi: 10.​1089/​1096621037649784​61 CrossRefPubMed Haley, W. E., LaMonde, L. A., Han, B., Burton, A. M., & Schonwetter, R. (2003). Predictors of depression and life satisfaction among spousal caregivers in hospice: Application of a stress process model. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 6, 215–224. doi: 10.​1089/​1096621037649784​61 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hamarat, E., Thompson, D., Zabrucky, K. M., Steele, D., & Matheny, K. B. (2001). Perceived stress and coping resource availability as predictors of life satisfaction in young, middle-ages, and older adults. Experimental Aging Research, 27, 181–196. doi: 10.​1080/​0361073017500740​51 CrossRefPubMed Hamarat, E., Thompson, D., Zabrucky, K. M., Steele, D., & Matheny, K. B. (2001). Perceived stress and coping resource availability as predictors of life satisfaction in young, middle-ages, and older adults. Experimental Aging Research, 27, 181–196. doi: 10.​1080/​0361073017500740​51 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hanson, E. J. S., Maas, C. J. M., Meijman, T. F., & Godaert, G. L. R. (2000). Cortisol secretion throughout the day, perceptions of the work environment, and negative affect. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 22, 316–324. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02895668 CrossRefPubMed Hanson, E. J. S., Maas, C. J. M., Meijman, T. F., & Godaert, G. L. R. (2000). Cortisol secretion throughout the day, perceptions of the work environment, and negative affect. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 22, 316–324. doi: 10.​1007/​BF02895668 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kilpatrick, F., & Cantril, H. (1960). Self-anchoring scaling: A measure of individuals unique reality worlds. Journal of Individual Psychology, 16, 158–173. Kilpatrick, F., & Cantril, H. (1960). Self-anchoring scaling: A measure of individuals unique reality worlds. Journal of Individual Psychology, 16, 158–173.
go back to reference Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer.
go back to reference McHorney, C. A., Ware, J. E., & Raczek, A. E. (1993). The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36): II. Psychometric and clinical tests of validity in measuring physical and mental health constructs. Medical Care, 31, 247–263. McHorney, C. A., Ware, J. E., & Raczek, A. E. (1993). The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36): II. Psychometric and clinical tests of validity in measuring physical and mental health constructs. Medical Care, 31, 247–263.
go back to reference Petrie, K. J., Sivertsen, B., Hysing, M., Broadbent, E., Moss-Morris, R., Eriksen, H. R., et al. (2001). Thoroughly modern worries: The relationship of worries about modernity to reported symptoms, health and medical care utilization. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 51, 395–401. doi: 10.​1016/​S0022-3999(01)00219-7 CrossRefPubMed Petrie, K. J., Sivertsen, B., Hysing, M., Broadbent, E., Moss-Morris, R., Eriksen, H. R., et al. (2001). Thoroughly modern worries: The relationship of worries about modernity to reported symptoms, health and medical care utilization. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 51, 395–401. doi: 10.​1016/​S0022-3999(01)00219-7 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Rauma, P. H., Koivumaa-Honkanen, H., Williams, L. J., Tuppurainen, M. T., Kröger, H. P., & Honkanen, R. J. (2014). Life satisfaction and bone mineral density among postmenopausal women: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations. Psychosomatic Medicine, 76, 709–715. doi: 10.​1097/​PSY.​0000000000000114​ CrossRefPubMed Rauma, P. H., Koivumaa-Honkanen, H., Williams, L. J., Tuppurainen, M. T., Kröger, H. P., & Honkanen, R. J. (2014). Life satisfaction and bone mineral density among postmenopausal women: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations. Psychosomatic Medicine, 76, 709–715. doi: 10.​1097/​PSY.​0000000000000114​ CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Sapolsky, R. M. (1999). The physiology and pathophysiology of unhappiness. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-Being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (pp. 453–469). New York, NY: The Russell Sage Foundation. Sapolsky, R. M. (1999). The physiology and pathophysiology of unhappiness. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-Being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (pp. 453–469). New York, NY: The Russell Sage Foundation.
go back to reference Schwarz, N., & Strack, F. (1999). Reports of subjective well-being: Judgmental processes and their methodological implications. In D. Kabneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (pp. 61–84). New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Schwarz, N., & Strack, F. (1999). Reports of subjective well-being: Judgmental processes and their methodological implications. In D. Kabneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology (pp. 61–84). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
go back to reference Siahpush, M., Spittal, M., & Singh, G. K. (2008). Happiness and life satisfaction prospectively predict self-rated health, physical health, and the presence of limiting, long-term health conditions. American Journal of Health Promotion, 23, 18–26. doi: 10.​4278/​ajhp.​061023137 CrossRefPubMed Siahpush, M., Spittal, M., & Singh, G. K. (2008). Happiness and life satisfaction prospectively predict self-rated health, physical health, and the presence of limiting, long-term health conditions. American Journal of Health Promotion, 23, 18–26. doi: 10.​4278/​ajhp.​061023137 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smyth, J., & Heron, K. (2012). Health psychology. In M. Mehl & T. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life (pp. 569–584). New York, NY: Guilford. Smyth, J., & Heron, K. (2012). Health psychology. In M. Mehl & T. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life (pp. 569–584). New York, NY: Guilford.
go back to reference Smyth, J., Ockenfels, M. C., Porter, L., Kirschbaum, C., Hellhammer, D. H., & Stone, A. A. (1998). Stressors and mood measured on a momentary basis are associated with salivary cortisol secretion. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 23, 353–370. doi: 10.​1016/​S0306-4530(98)00008-0 CrossRefPubMed Smyth, J., Ockenfels, M. C., Porter, L., Kirschbaum, C., Hellhammer, D. H., & Stone, A. A. (1998). Stressors and mood measured on a momentary basis are associated with salivary cortisol secretion. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 23, 353–370. doi: 10.​1016/​S0306-4530(98)00008-0 CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smyth, J., Zawadzki, M., & Gerin, W. (2013). Stress and health: A structural and functional analysis of chronic stress. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 217–227. doi: 10.​1111/​spc3.​12020 CrossRef Smyth, J., Zawadzki, M., & Gerin, W. (2013). Stress and health: A structural and functional analysis of chronic stress. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 217–227. doi: 10.​1111/​spc3.​12020 CrossRef
go back to reference van Eck, M., Berkhof, H., Nicolson, N., & Sulon, J. (1996). The effects of perceived stress, traits, mood states, and stressful daily events on salivary cortisol. Psychosomatic Medicine, 58, 447–458. doi: 10.​1037/​a0032736. CrossRefPubMed van Eck, M., Berkhof, H., Nicolson, N., & Sulon, J. (1996). The effects of perceived stress, traits, mood states, and stressful daily events on salivary cortisol. Psychosomatic Medicine, 58, 447–458. doi: 10.​1037/​a0032736. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Xu, J., & Roberts, R. E. (2010). The power of positive emotions: It’s a matter of life or death—Subjective well-being and longevity over 28 years in a general population. Health Psychology, 29, 9–19. doi: 10.​1037/​a0016767 CrossRefPubMed Xu, J., & Roberts, R. E. (2010). The power of positive emotions: It’s a matter of life or death—Subjective well-being and longevity over 28 years in a general population. Health Psychology, 29, 9–19. doi: 10.​1037/​a0016767 CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Global life satisfaction predicts ambulatory affect, stress, and cortisol in daily life in working adults
Auteurs
Joshua M. Smyth
Matthew J. Zawadzki
Vanessa Juth
Christopher N. Sciamanna
Publicatiedatum
06-09-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 2/2017
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9790-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2017

Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2/2017 Naar de uitgave