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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2007

01-02-2007 | Original Paper

Familial Association and Frequency of Learning Disabilities in ADHD Sibling Pair Families

Auteurs: Melissa Del’Homme, Tae S. Kim, Sandra K. Loo, May H. Yang, Susan L. Smalley

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2007

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Abstract

In a sample of 235 families with at least two children with Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the frequency and familial association of learning disabilities (LD) were assessed. Familiality was examined both between sibling pairs and between parents and their children. Two methods for defining LD, a discrepancy-based and a low-achievement model, were employed to examine the occurrence of LD in this sample. The specific types of LD examined included Reading Disability (RD), Math Disability (MD), and Writing Disability (WD). The prevalence rates were highest for RD, followed by WD then MD. The two definitions of LD yielded similar prevalence rates but identified different groups of children with vastly different IQ scores. Strong familial association was demonstrated for RD both between sibling pairs and between parents and children, with weaker association for WD. There was evidence of nonrandom mating for LD among parents, but not for ADHD or for ADHD + LD. Despite the high comorbidity of ADHD and LD among parents, the presence of ADHD in the parents did not predict child LD supporting independent familial factors underlying ADHD and LD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Familial Association and Frequency of Learning Disabilities in ADHD Sibling Pair Families
Auteurs
Melissa Del’Homme
Tae S. Kim
Sandra K. Loo
May H. Yang
Susan L. Smalley
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2007
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-006-9080-5