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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 1/2007

01-02-2007 | Original Paper

Examining Subtypes of Behavior Problems among 3-Year-Old Children, Part II: Investigating Differences in Parent Psychopathology, Couple Conflict, and Other Family Stressors

Auteurs: Lauren H. Goldstein, Elizabeth A. Harvey, Julie L. Friedman-Weieneth, Courtney Pierce, Alexis Tellert, Jenna C. Sippel

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2007

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Abstract

This study examined family stressors among 3-year-old children who were classified as hyperactive (HYP), hyperactive and oppositional defiant (HYP/OD), and non-problem based on mothers’ reports of behavior. Children with HYP/OD were found to experience higher levels of family stressors than non-problem children on almost every family stressor variable. Compared to children with HYP, families of children with HYP/OD also tended to report more Axis II maternal psychopathology, Axis I paternal psychopathology, and high intensity couple conflict tactics. However, the HYP and HYP/OD group did not significantly differ on maternal Axis I psychopathology, paternal Axis II psychopathology, parental marital status, negative life events, frequency of couple conflict, or use of lower intensity couple conflict tactics. Parents of children with HYP and HYP/OD reported more negative life events, more maternal adult ADHD symptoms, and more maternal avoidance and verbal aggression during marital conflict than parents of non-problem children. Implications for treatment and etiology are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
In part 1, only a small group of children were identified who were reported to display oppositional-defiant symptoms without hyperactivity. There was not sufficient validity for this group based on teachers’ and observers’ ratings to justify further analyses with this group.
 
2
Chronis et al. (2003) included some preschool-aged children; participants ranged from age 3–10 to 7 years.
 
3
Although depressive personality was an Axis II scale, it was combined with Axis I depression subscales because it assessed similar symptoms.
 
4
Mothers’ reports were used to estimate fathers’ conflict for 38 of the families who fell in one of the three groups. Fathers’ reports were used to estimate mothers’ conflict in 5 of the families who fell in one of the three groups.
 
5
We used blocking variables, because of the potential pitfalls of using ANCOVAs to adjust for pre-existing group differences (Keppel & Wickens, 2004).
 
6
Data on maternal education was presented in Part 1 of this three-part series (Harvey et al., in press).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Examining Subtypes of Behavior Problems among 3-Year-Old Children, Part II: Investigating Differences in Parent Psychopathology, Couple Conflict, and Other Family Stressors
Auteurs
Lauren H. Goldstein
Elizabeth A. Harvey
Julie L. Friedman-Weieneth
Courtney Pierce
Alexis Tellert
Jenna C. Sippel
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2007
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-006-9088-x