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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2007

01-02-2007 | Original Paper

The Effects of Thematic Importance on Story Recall among Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Comparison Children

Auteurs: Rebecca A. Flake, Elizabeth P. Lorch, Richard Milich

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2007

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Abstract

This study examined the recall of televised stories for younger (4–6 years) and older (7–9 years) children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) under two different viewing conditions (toys present/toys absent). Each child watched two Rugrats television programs, once with toys present and once with toys absent. Immediately after viewing a program, the child completed a free recall of the observed story. Comparison children’s recall increased more than ADHD children’s as importance level increased, and comparison children recalled more information overall than children with ADHD. When toys were present, children with ADHD retold less coherent stories than comparison children, as indexed by smaller correlations between the story units recalled and the order of these units in the story. In summary, children with ADHD demonstrated multiple difficulties in story comprehension. These findings add to our understanding of the differences in higher-order cognitive processing abilities between children with ADHD and comparison children, and suggest important areas of focus in designing more effective academic interventions for children with ADHD.
Voetnoten
1
Although there was no significant age group × referral status × importance level interaction, the analyses were repeated separately for each age group due to low levels of recall for the younger children. In these analyses, the importance level × referral status interaction was only significant for the older group of children, F (1, 110) = 12.71, p < .01, r = .32, for the older group and F (1, 77) = 1.93, p > .05, for the younger group
 
2
The finding of group differences in recall as a function of importance differs from previous findings by Tannock et al. (1993) and Purvis and Tannock (1997), where children with ADHD recalled less than did comparison children, but this difference did not vary as a function of thematic importance. It is not possible to determine what factors (e.g., sample size, sample characteristics) may account for the absence of a significant interaction in these two studies in contrast to the four studies that have obtained such an interaction
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Effects of Thematic Importance on Story Recall among Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Comparison Children
Auteurs
Rebecca A. Flake
Elizabeth P. Lorch
Richard Milich
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2007
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-006-9078-z