Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
We sought to explore the differential associations of callous–unemotional (CU) traits, narcissistic traits, and Machiavellian traits with overt aggression, relational aggression, delinquency, behavioral dysregulation, and emotional dysregulation in a community sample of boys and girls (ages 11–17). Results indicated that the three personality traits were significantly correlated with each other, yet distinct. CU traits, narcissistic traits, and Machiavellian traits demonstrated different unique associations with behavior problems. Specifically, narcissistic traits showed the strongest unique associations with overt aggression, relational aggression, behavioral dysregulation, and emotional dysregulation. CU traits showed the second strongest unique associations with overt aggression, delinquency and behavioral dysregulation, but were not associated with relational aggression or emotional dysregulation. Lastly, Machiavellian traits showed a strong unique association with emotional dysregulation, but were not uniquely associated with externalizing behavior problems. These findings have implications for intervention with aggressive and antisocial youth.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the youth self-report and 1991 profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont.
Allison, P. D. (1999). Logistic regression using the SAS system—Theory and application. Cary, NC: SAS Institute, Inc.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Atlas, G. D., & Them, M. A. (2008). Narcissism and sensitivity to criticism: A preliminary investigation. Current Psychology, 27, 62–76. CrossRef
Austin, E. J., Farrelly, D., Black, C., & Moore, H. (2007). Emotional intelligence, Machiavellianism and emotional manipulation: Does EI have a dark side? Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 179–189. CrossRef
Barnett, M. A., & Thompson, S. (1985). The role of perspective taking and empathy in children’s Machiavellianism, prosocial behavior, and motive for helping. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 146, 295–305. CrossRef
Barry, C. T., Frick, P. J., Adler, K. K., & Grafeman, S. J. (2007a). The predictive utility of narcissism among children and adolescents: Evidence for a distinction between adaptive and maladaptive narcissism. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16, 508–521. CrossRef
Barry, C. T., Frick, P. J., & Killian, A. L. (2003). The relation of narcissism and self-esteem to conduct problems in children: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32, 139–152. PubMed
Barry, C. T., & Wallace, M. T. (2010). Current considerations in the assessment of youth narcissism: Indicators of pathological and normative development. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32, 479–489. CrossRef
Baumeister, R. F., Bushman, B. J., & Campbell, W. K. (2000). Self-esteem, narcissism, and aggression: Does violence result from low self-esteem or from threatened egotism? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 26–29. CrossRef
Blair, R. J. (1999). Responsiveness to distress cues in the child with psychopathic tendencies. Personality and Individual Differences, 27, 135–145. CrossRef
Braginsky, D. D. (1970). Machiavellianism and manipulative interpersonal behavior in children. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 6, 77–99. CrossRef
Caputo, A. A., Frick, P. J., & Brodsky, S. L. (1999). Family violence and juvenile sex offending: Potential mediating roles of psychopathic traits and negative attitudes towards women. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 26, 338–356. CrossRef
Chabrol, H., Van Leeuwen, N., Rodgers, R., & Séjourné, N. (2009). Contributions of psychopathic, narcissistic, Machiavellian, and sadistic personality traits to juvenile delinquency. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 734–739. CrossRef
Christie, R., & Geis, F. (1970). Studies in Machiavellianism. New York, NY: Academic Press.
Cleckley, H. (1976). The mask of sanity (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Edens, J. F., Campbell, J. S., & Weir, J. M. (2006). Youth psychopathy and criminal recidivism: A meta-analysis of the Psychopathy Checklist measures. Law and Human Behavior, 31, 53–75. CrossRef
Elliot, D. S., Huizinga, D., & Ageton, S. S. (1985). Explaining delinquency and drug use. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Essau, C. A., Sasagawa, S., & Frick, P. J. (2006). Callous–unemotional traits in a community sample of adolescents. Assessment, 20, 1–16.
Fehr, B., Samsom, D., & Paulhus, D. L. (1992). The construct of Machiavellianism: Twenty years later. In C. D. Spielberger & J. N. Butcher (Eds.), Advances in personality assessment (Vol. 9, pp. 77–116). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Frick, P. J. (2004). Inventory of callous– unemotional traits. Unpublished rating scale, University of New Orleans.
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). Antisocial process screening device: Technical manual. New York: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.
Frick, P. J., & Morris, A. S. (2004). Temperament and developmental pathways to conduct problems. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 54–68. PubMed
Frick, P. J., & White, S. F. (2008). Research review: The importance of callous–unemotional traits for developmental models of aggressive and antisocial behavior. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 359–375. CrossRef
Golmaryami, F. N., & Barry, C. T. (2010). The associations of self-reported and peer-reported relational aggression with narcissism and self-esteem among adolescents in a residential setting. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 39, 128–133. PubMed
Gustafson, S. B., & Ritzer, D. R. (1995). The dark side of normal: A psychopathy-linked pattern called aberrant self-promotion. European Journal of Personality, 9, 147–183. CrossRef
Hare, R. D. (1991). The Hare Psychopathy Checklist—Revised. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Hare, R. D. (1998). Psychopathy, affect and behaviour. In D. J. Cooke & A. Forth (Eds.), Psychopathy: Theory, research and implications for society (pp. 105–139). Dordrecht: Kluwer. CrossRef
Hare, R. D. (2003). Hare Psychopathy Checklist— Revised ( PCL- R) (2nd ed.). Technical manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.
Hodson, G., Hogg, S. M., & MacInnis, C. C. (2009). The role of “dark personalities” (narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy), Big Five personality factors, and ideology in explaining prejudice. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 686–690. CrossRef
Huizinga, D. (1991). Assessing violent behavior with self-reports. In J. S. Milner (Ed.), Neuropsychology of aggression. Boston: Kluwer.
Jabkowitz, S., & Egan, V. (2006). The dark triad and normal personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 331–339. CrossRef
John, O. P., Robins, R. W., & Pervin, L. A. (2008). Handbook of personality: Theory and research. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Kazdin, A. E. (2010). Problem-solving skills training and parent management training for oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder. In J. R. Weisz & A. E. Kazdin (Eds.), Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents (2nd ed.). New York: Guildford Press.
Kerig, P. K., & Stellwagon, K. K. (2010). Roles of callous–unemotional traits, narcissism, and Machiavellianism in childhood aggression. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32, 343–352. CrossRef
Lau, K. S. L., Marsee, M. A., Kunimatsu, M. M., & Fassnacht, G. M. (2011). Examining associations between narcissism, behavior problems, and anxiety in non-referred adolescents. Child & Youth Care Forum, 40, 163–176. CrossRef
Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (2005). Psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism in the Five-Factor Model and the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 1571–1582. CrossRef
Lochman, J. E., & Wells, K. C. (2003). Effectiveness study of coping power and classroom intervention with aggressive children: Outcomes at a one-year follow-up. Behavioral Therapy, 34, 493–515. CrossRef
Loftus, S. T., & Glenwick, D. S. (2001). Machiavellianism and empathy in an adolescent residential psychiatric population. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 19, 39–57. CrossRef
Loney, B. R., Frick, P. J., Clements, C. B., Ellis, M. L., & Kerlin, K. (2003). Callous–unemotional traits, impulsivity, and emotional processing in antisocial adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32, 66–80. PubMed
Marsee, M. A. (2008). Reactive aggression and posttraumatic stress in adolescents affected by Hurricane Katrina. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 37, 519–529. PubMed
Marsee, M. A., & Frick, P. J. (2010). Callous–unemotional traits and aggression in youth. In W. Arsenio & E. Lemerise (Eds.), Emotions, aggression, and morality in children: Bridging development and psychopathology (pp. 137–156). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Mezzich, A. C., Tarter, R. E., Giancola, P. R., & Kirisci, L. (2001). The dysregulation inventory: A new scale to assess the risk for substance use disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 10, 35–43. CrossRef
Mezzich, A. C., Tarter, R. E., Giancola, P. R., Kirisci, L., & Parks, S. (1997). Substance use and risky sexual behaviors in female adolescents. Drug Alcohol Dependence, 44, 157–166. CrossRef
Morf, C. C., & Rhodewalt, F. (2001). Unraveling the paradoxes of narcissism: A dynamic self-regulatory processing model. Psychological Inquiry, 12, 177–196. CrossRef
Mullins-Nelson, J. L., Salekin, R. T., & Leistico, A. R. (2006). Psychopathy, empathy, and perspective-taking ability in a community sample: Implications for the successful psychopathy concept. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 5, 133–149. CrossRef
Nachamie, S. (1969). Machiavellianism in children: The children’s Mach scale and the bluffing game. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Columbia University.
Nachamie, S. (1970). Machiavellianism in children: The children’s Mach scale and the bluffing game. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Columbia University.
Papps, B. P., & O’Carroll, R. E. (1998). Extremes of self-esteem and narcissism and the experience and expression of anger and aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 24, 421–438. CrossRef
Patrick, C. J., & Zempolich, K. A. (1998). Emotion and aggression in the psychopathic personality. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 3, 303–338. CrossRef
Paulhus, D. L., & Williams, K. (2002). The dark triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 36, 556–568. CrossRef
Repacholi, B., & Gibbs, V. (2000). Machiavellianism in children: Is it related to empathy, social-cognitive ability and parenting? Unpublished manuscript, Macquarie University.
Salekin, R. T. (2006). Psychopathy in children and adolescents: Key issues in conceptualization and assessment. In C. J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 389–414). New York: Guilford.
Serin, R. C., Peters, R., & Barbaree, H. E. (1990). The prediction of psychopathy and release outcome in a criminal population. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2, 419–422.
Silverthorn, P., Frick, P. J., & Reynolds, R. (2001). Timing of onset and correlates of severe conduct problems in adjudicated girls and boys. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 23, 171–181. CrossRef
Slaughter, V., Dennis, M. J., & Pritchard, M. (2002). Theory of mind and peer acceptance in preschool children. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 20, 545–564. CrossRef
Sutton, J., & Keogh, E. (2001). Components of Machiavellian beliefs in children: Relationships with personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 137–148. CrossRef
Tangney, J. P., & Fischer, K. W. (1995). Self-conscious emotions: The psychology of shame, guilt, embarrassment, and pride. New York: Guildford Press.
Vernon, P. A., Villani, V. C., Vickers, L. C., & Harris, J. A. (2008). A behavioral genetic investigation of the Dark Triad and the Big 5. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 445–452. CrossRef
Washburn, J. J., McMahon, S. D., King, C. A., Reinecke, M. A., & Silver, C. (2004). Narcissistic features in young adolescents: Relations to aggression and internalizing symptoms. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33, 247–260. CrossRef
Wastell, C., & Booth, A. (2003). Machiavellianism: An alexithymic perspective. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 22, 730–744. CrossRef
Wootton, J. M., Frick, P. J., Shelton, K. K., & Silverthorn, P. (1997). Ineffective parenting and childhood conduct problems: The moderating role of callous–unemotional traits. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 292–300. CrossRef
- Exploring Narcissism, Psychopathy, and Machiavellianism in Youth: Examination of Associations with Antisocial Behavior and Aggression
Katherine S. L. Lau
Monica A. Marsee
- Springer US