Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3/2017

15-07-2016

Exploration of the Factor Structure of ADHD in Adolescence through Self, Parent, and Teacher Reports of Symptomatology

Auteurs: J. Quyen V. A. Nichols, Erin K. Shoulberg, Annie A. Garner, Betsy Hoza, Keith B. Burt, Dianna Murray-Close, L. Eugene Arnold

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 3/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Factor analytic studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults have shown that second-order and bifactor models better represent ADHD symptoms than two- or three-factor models, yet there is far less evidence for a bestfitting model of ADHD in adolescence. Thus, the current study examined the factor structure of ADHD in adolescence and further evaluated the external validity of the best fitting model. Participants were 588 adolescents (22 % female; 366 with a childhood ADHD diagnosis; mean age 15.9 years) from the 8-year assessment of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA). ADHD symptoms were assessed via adolescent self-report, parent report, and teacher report on the SNAP-IV scale. Potential factor structures for the 18 symptoms of ADHD were tested for each informant, which included traditional one-factor, two-factor, and three-factor models of ADHD, as well as second-order factor (specific factors loading onto general factor) and bifactor (items loading onto both specific and general factors) models. Unique associations between external criteria and the identified factors of each informant’s best fitting model were examined. Although several of the proposed models exhibited good fit, the second-order two-factor model best accounted for ADHD in adolescence according to self-report and parent report, and the second-order three-factor model was optimal according to teacher report. Several key measurement issues emerged for the hierarchical bifactor models, such as numerous Heywood cases and out-of-bound parameter estimates, which rendered them unfit as optimal representations of ADHD in adolescence. These findings and the implications of the best fitting model of ADHD in adolescence suggest that a possible reorganization of this disorder may eventually aid clinicians in the accurate diagnosis of ADHD in adolescents.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Amador-Campos, J. A., Forns-Santacana, M., Martorell-Balanzo, B., Guardia-Olmos, J., & Pero-Cebollero, M. (2005). Confirmatory factor analysis of parents’ and teachers’ ratings of DSM-IV symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in a Spanish sample. Psychological Reports, 97, 847–860. Amador-Campos, J. A., Forns-Santacana, M., Martorell-Balanzo, B., Guardia-Olmos, J., & Pero-Cebollero, M. (2005). Confirmatory factor analysis of parents’ and teachers’ ratings of DSM-IV symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in a Spanish sample. Psychological Reports, 97, 847–860.
go back to reference Amador-Campos, J. A., Forns-Santacana, M., Martorell-Balanzo, B., Guardia-Olmos, J., & Pero-Cebollero, M. (2006). DSM-IV attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms: agreement between informants in prevalence and factor structure at different ages. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 28, 23–32. Amador-Campos, J. A., Forns-Santacana, M., Martorell-Balanzo, B., Guardia-Olmos, J., & Pero-Cebollero, M. (2006). DSM-IV attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms: agreement between informants in prevalence and factor structure at different ages. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 28, 23–32.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1968). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders second edition (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1968). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders second edition (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders third edition (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders third edition (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.) Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.) Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
go back to reference Barkley, R. (2006). Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment (3rd ed.). New York, New York Guilford Press. Barkley, R. (2006). Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment (3rd ed.). New York, New York Guilford Press.
go back to reference Barkley, R., Fischer, M., Smallish, L., & Fletcher, K. (2002). The persistence of ADHD into young adulthood as a function of reporting source and definition of disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(2), 279–289. CrossRefPubMed Barkley, R., Fischer, M., Smallish, L., & Fletcher, K. (2002). The persistence of ADHD into young adulthood as a function of reporting source and definition of disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(2), 279–289. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Barkley, R., Murphy, K., & Fischer, M. (2008). Adult ADHD: What the science says. New York: Guilford. Barkley, R., Murphy, K., & Fischer, M. (2008). Adult ADHD: What the science says. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Bauermeister, J. J., Canino, G., Polanczyk, G., & Rohde, L. A. (2010). ADHD across cultures: is there evidence for a bidimensional organization of symptoms? Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 39(3), 362–372. Bauermeister, J. J., Canino, G., Polanczyk, G., & Rohde, L. A. (2010). ADHD across cultures: is there evidence for a bidimensional organization of symptoms? Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 39(3), 362–372.
go back to reference Beauducel, A. & Herzberg, P.Y. (2006). On the performance of maximum likelihood versus means and variance adjusted weighted least squares estimation in CFA. Structural Equation Modeling, 13(2), 186–203. Beauducel, A. & Herzberg, P.Y. (2006). On the performance of maximum likelihood versus means and variance adjusted weighted least squares estimation in CFA. Structural Equation Modeling, 13(2), 186–203.
go back to reference Beesdo, K., Knappe, S., & Pine, D. S. (2009). Anxiety and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: developmental issues and implications for DSM-V. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 32, 483–524. Beesdo, K., Knappe, S., & Pine, D. S. (2009). Anxiety and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: developmental issues and implications for DSM-V. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 32, 483–524.
go back to reference Biederman, J., Mick, E., & Faraone, S.V. (2000). Agedependent decline of symptoms of attention Deficity hyperactivity disorder: impact of remission definition and symptom type. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 816–818. Biederman, J., Mick, E., & Faraone, S.V. (2000). Agedependent decline of symptoms of attention Deficity hyperactivity disorder: impact of remission definition and symptom type. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 816–818.
go back to reference Biederman, J., Petty, C. R., Fried, R., Doyle, A. E., Spencer, T., Seidman, L. J., & Faraone, S. V. (2007). Stability of executive function deficits into young adult years: a prospective longitudinal follow-up study of grown up males with ADHD. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 116, 129–136. CrossRefPubMed Biederman, J., Petty, C. R., Fried, R., Doyle, A. E., Spencer, T., Seidman, L. J., & Faraone, S. V. (2007). Stability of executive function deficits into young adult years: a prospective longitudinal follow-up study of grown up males with ADHD. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 116, 129–136. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bird, H. R., Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., & Gould, M. S. (1993). The Columbia impairment scale (CIS): pilot findings on a measure of global impairment for children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 3, 167–176. Bird, H. R., Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., & Gould, M. S. (1993). The Columbia impairment scale (CIS): pilot findings on a measure of global impairment for children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 3, 167–176.
go back to reference Blaustein, M. E., & Kinniburgh, K. M. (2010). The developmental impact of trauma. In Treating traumatic stress in children and adolescents (pp. 9–21). New York, NY: The Guilford Press. Blaustein, M. E., & Kinniburgh, K. M. (2010). The developmental impact of trauma. In Treating traumatic stress in children and adolescents (pp. 9–21). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York: Guilford. Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Burns, G. L., Boe, B., Walsh, J. A., Sommers-Flanagan, R., & Teegarden, L. A. (2001). A confirmatory factor analysis on the DSM-IV ADHD and ODD symptoms: What is the best model for the organization of these symptoms? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(4), 339–349. CrossRefPubMed Burns, G. L., Boe, B., Walsh, J. A., Sommers-Flanagan, R., & Teegarden, L. A. (2001). A confirmatory factor analysis on the DSM-IV ADHD and ODD symptoms: What is the best model for the organization of these symptoms? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(4), 339–349. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Byrne, B. M. (1998). Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications and programming. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Byrne, B. M. (1998). Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications and programming. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Caspi, A., Houts, R., Belsky, D., Goldman-Mellor, S., Harrington, H., Israel, S., & Moffitt, T. (2014). The p factor: One general psychopathology factor in the structure of psychiatric disorders? Clinical Psychological Science, 2(12), 119–137. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Caspi, A., Houts, R., Belsky, D., Goldman-Mellor, S., Harrington, H., Israel, S., & Moffitt, T. (2014). The p factor: One general psychopathology factor in the structure of psychiatric disorders? Clinical Psychological Science, 2(12), 119–137. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Chen, F. F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 14, 464–504. CrossRef Chen, F. F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 14, 464–504. CrossRef
go back to reference Chen, F. F., West, S. G., & Sousa, K. H. (2006). A comparison of bifactor and second-order models of quality of life. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 41(2), 189–225. CrossRefPubMed Chen, F. F., West, S. G., & Sousa, K. H. (2006). A comparison of bifactor and second-order models of quality of life. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 41(2), 189–225. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 233–255. CrossRef Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 233–255. CrossRef
go back to reference Conners, C. K. (1997). Conners rating scales—revised. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems. Conners, C. K. (1997). Conners rating scales—revised. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Cowan, P. A., & Cowan, C. P. (2006). Developmental psychopathology from family systems and family risk factors perspectives: Implications for family research, Practice, and policy. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental Psychopathology. Vol 1 (2nd ed.). (pp. 530–587). New York: Wiley. Cowan, P. A., & Cowan, C. P. (2006). Developmental psychopathology from family systems and family risk factors perspectives: Implications for family research, Practice, and policy. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental Psychopathology. Vol 1 (2nd ed.). (pp. 530–587). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Deary, I. (2001). Intelligence: A very short introduction. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.. CrossRef Deary, I. (2001). Intelligence: A very short introduction. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.. CrossRef
go back to reference Dumenci, L., McConaghy, S. H., & Achenbach, T. M. (2004). A hierarchical three-factor model of inattention-hyperactivity/impulsivity derived from the attention problems syndrome of the teacher’s report form. School Psychology Review, 33, 287–301. Dumenci, L., McConaghy, S. H., & Achenbach, T. M. (2004). A hierarchical three-factor model of inattention-hyperactivity/impulsivity derived from the attention problems syndrome of the teacher’s report form. School Psychology Review, 33, 287–301.
go back to reference Faraone, S. V., Biederman, J., & Mick, E. (2006). The age-dependent decline of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analysis of follow-up studies. Psychological Medicine, 36(2), 159–166. CrossRefPubMed Faraone, S. V., Biederman, J., & Mick, E. (2006). The age-dependent decline of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analysis of follow-up studies. Psychological Medicine, 36(2), 159–166. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gibbins, C., Toplak, M., Flora, D., Weiss, M., & Tannock, R. (2011). Evidence for a general factor model of ADHD in Adults. Journal of Attention Disorders, 16(8), 635–644. CrossRefPubMed Gibbins, C., Toplak, M., Flora, D., Weiss, M., & Tannock, R. (2011). Evidence for a general factor model of ADHD in Adults. Journal of Attention Disorders, 16(8), 635–644. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Glutting, J., Youngstrom, E. & Watkins, M. (2005). ADHD and college students: exploratory and confirmatory factor structures with student and parent data. Psychological Assessment, 17(1), 44–55. Glutting, J., Youngstrom, E. & Watkins, M. (2005). ADHD and college students: exploratory and confirmatory factor structures with student and parent data. Psychological Assessment, 17(1), 44–55.
go back to reference Gomez, R. (2013). ADHD bifactor model based on parent and teacher ratings of Malaysian children. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 8, 47–51. CrossRefPubMed Gomez, R. (2013). ADHD bifactor model based on parent and teacher ratings of Malaysian children. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 8, 47–51. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gomez, R., Burns, G. L., Walsh, J. A., & Hafetz, N. (2005). A multitrait-multisource confirmatory factor analytic approach to the construct validity of ADHD and ODD rating scales with Malaysian children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 241–254. CrossRefPubMed Gomez, R., Burns, G. L., Walsh, J. A., & Hafetz, N. (2005). A multitrait-multisource confirmatory factor analytic approach to the construct validity of ADHD and ODD rating scales with Malaysian children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 241–254. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gomez, R., Harvey, J., Quick, C., Scharer, I., & Harris, G. (1999). DSM-IV AD/HD: Confirmatory factor models, prevalence, and gender and age differences based on parent and teacher ratings of Australian primary school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 265–274. Gomez, R., Harvey, J., Quick, C., Scharer, I., & Harris, G. (1999). DSM-IV AD/HD: Confirmatory factor models, prevalence, and gender and age differences based on parent and teacher ratings of Australian primary school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 265–274.
go back to reference Gomez, R., Vance, A., & Gomez, R. (2013). Validity of the ADHD bifactor model in general community samples of adolescents and adults, and a clinic-referred sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Attention Disorders. doi: 10.​1177/​1087054713480034​. Gomez, R., Vance, A., & Gomez, R. (2013). Validity of the ADHD bifactor model in general community samples of adolescents and adults, and a clinic-referred sample of children and adolescents. Journal of Attention Disorders. doi: 10.​1177/​1087054713480034​.
go back to reference Gresham, F. M., & Elliot, S. N. (1990). Social skills rating system manual. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service. Gresham, F. M., & Elliot, S. N. (1990). Social skills rating system manual. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
go back to reference Hinshaw, S. P., March, J. S., Abikoff, H., Arnold, L. E., Cantwell, D. P., Conners, C. K., & Hechtman, L. T. (1997). Comprehensive assessment of childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in the context of a multisite, multimodal clinical trial. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1(4), 217–234. CrossRef Hinshaw, S. P., March, J. S., Abikoff, H., Arnold, L. E., Cantwell, D. P., Conners, C. K., & Hechtman, L. T. (1997). Comprehensive assessment of childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in the context of a multisite, multimodal clinical trial. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1(4), 217–234. CrossRef
go back to reference Hoza, B., Murray-Close, D., Arnold, L. E., Hinshaw, S. P., Hechtman, L., & the MTA Cooperative Group. (2010). Time-dependent changes in positively biased self-perceptions of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A developmental psychopathology perspective. Development and Psychopathology, 22, 375–390. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Hoza, B., Murray-Close, D., Arnold, L. E., Hinshaw, S. P., Hechtman, L., & the MTA Cooperative Group. (2010). Time-dependent changes in positively biased self-perceptions of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A developmental psychopathology perspective. Development and Psychopathology, 22, 375–390. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indices in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indices in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55.
go back to reference Jensen A.R. (1998). The g factor: the science of mental ability. Westport, CT: Praeger. Jensen A.R. (1998). The g factor: the science of mental ability. Westport, CT: Praeger.
go back to reference Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factors. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90(430), 773–795. CrossRef Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factors. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90(430), 773–795. CrossRef
go back to reference Kessler, R. C., Adler, L., Barkley, R., Biederman, J., Conners, C. K., Demler, O., & Zaslavsky, A. M. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the national comorbidity survey replication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 716–723. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Kessler, R. C., Adler, L., Barkley, R., Biederman, J., Conners, C. K., Demler, O., & Zaslavsky, A. M. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the national comorbidity survey replication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 716–723. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press. Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Kovacs, M. (1995). Manual: The Children’s Depression Inventory. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems. Kovacs, M. (1995). Manual: The Children’s Depression Inventory. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Long, J. S., and Freese, J. (2006). Regression models for categorical dependent variables using Stata. Rev. ed. College Station, TX: Stata Press. Long, J. S., and Freese, J. (2006). Regression models for categorical dependent variables using Stata. Rev. ed. College Station, TX: Stata Press.
go back to reference March, J. S., Parker, J. D. A., Sullivan, K., Stallings, P., & Conners, K. (1997). The multidimensional anxiety scale for children (MASC): factor structure, reliability, and validity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 554–565. March, J. S., Parker, J. D. A., Sullivan, K., Stallings, P., & Conners, K. (1997). The multidimensional anxiety scale for children (MASC): factor structure, reliability, and validity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 554–565.
go back to reference Martel, M., Gremillion, M., Roberts, B., von Eye, A., & Nigg, J. T. (2010a). The structure of childhood disruptive behaviors. Psychological Assessment, 22, 816–826. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Martel, M., Gremillion, M., Roberts, B., von Eye, A., & Nigg, J. T. (2010a). The structure of childhood disruptive behaviors. Psychological Assessment, 22, 816–826. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Martel, M., von Eye, A., & Nigg, J. (2010b). Revisiting the latent structure of ADHD: is there a ‘g’factor? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(8), 905–914. Martel, M., von Eye, A., & Nigg, J. (2010b). Revisiting the latent structure of ADHD: is there a ‘g’factor? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(8), 905–914.
go back to reference Martel, M., von Eye, A., & Nigg, J. (2012). Developmental differences in structure of ADHD between childhood and adulthood. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 36(4), 279–292. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Martel, M., von Eye, A., & Nigg, J. (2012). Developmental differences in structure of ADHD between childhood and adulthood. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 36(4), 279–292. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Molina, B., Hinshaw, S., Swanson, J., Arnold, L., Vitiello, B., Jensen, P., MTA Cooperative Group. (2009). The MTA at 8 years: prospective follow-up of children treated for combined-type ADHD in a multisite study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 484–500. Molina, B., Hinshaw, S., Swanson, J., Arnold, L., Vitiello, B., Jensen, P., MTA Cooperative Group. (2009). The MTA at 8 years: prospective follow-up of children treated for combined-type ADHD in a multisite study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 484–500.
go back to reference Molina, B., Smith, B., & Pelham, W. (2001). Factor structure and criterion validity of secondary school teacher ratings of ADHD and ODD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(1), 71–82. CrossRefPubMed Molina, B., Smith, B., & Pelham, W. (2001). Factor structure and criterion validity of secondary school teacher ratings of ADHD and ODD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(1), 71–82. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Muthén, L. K. & Muthén, B. O. (2010). Mplus: Statistical analysis with latent variables: User’s guide. Muthén & Muthén. Muthén, L. K. & Muthén, B. O. (2010). Mplus: Statistical analysis with latent variables: User’s guide. Muthén & Muthén.
go back to reference Nigg, J. T., Goldsmith, H. H., & Sachek, J. (2004). Temperament and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: the development of a multiple pathway model. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33(1), 42–53. Nigg, J. T., Goldsmith, H. H., & Sachek, J. (2004). Temperament and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: the development of a multiple pathway model. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33(1), 42–53.
go back to reference Normand, S., Flora, D., Toplak, M., & Tannock, R. (2012). Evidence for a general ADHD factor from a longitudinal general school population study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 555–567. CrossRefPubMed Normand, S., Flora, D., Toplak, M., & Tannock, R. (2012). Evidence for a general ADHD factor from a longitudinal general school population study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 555–567. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Owens, J. S., Goldfine, M. E., Evangelista, N. M., Hoza, B., & Kaiser, N. M. (2007). A critical review of self-perceptions and the positive illusory bias in children with ADHD. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 10, 335–351. CrossRefPubMed Owens, J. S., Goldfine, M. E., Evangelista, N. M., Hoza, B., & Kaiser, N. M. (2007). A critical review of self-perceptions and the positive illusory bias in children with ADHD. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 10, 335–351. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pliszka, S., & American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. (2007). Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(7), 894–921. CrossRefPubMed Pliszka, S., & American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. (2007). Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(7), 894–921. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Powers, D. A., & Xie, Y. (2008). Statistical methods for categorical data analysis. Howard House, England: Emerald. Powers, D. A., & Xie, Y. (2008). Statistical methods for categorical data analysis. Howard House, England: Emerald.
go back to reference Reise, S.P., Moore, T.M. & Haviland, M.G. (2010). Bifactor models and rotations: exploring the extent to which multidimensional data yield univocal scale scores. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92(6), 544–559. Reise, S.P., Moore, T.M. & Haviland, M.G. (2010). Bifactor models and rotations: exploring the extent to which multidimensional data yield univocal scale scores. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92(6), 544–559.
go back to reference Rohde, L., Barbosa, G., Polanczyk, G., Eizirik, M., Rasmussen, E., Neuman, R., & Todd, R. (2001). Factor and latent class analysis of DSM-IV ADHD symptoms in a school of Brazilian adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(6), 711–718. CrossRefPubMed Rohde, L., Barbosa, G., Polanczyk, G., Eizirik, M., Rasmussen, E., Neuman, R., & Todd, R. (2001). Factor and latent class analysis of DSM-IV ADHD symptoms in a school of Brazilian adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(6), 711–718. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (1988). Scaling corrections for chi-square statistics in covariance structure analysis. ASA Proceedings of the Business and Economic Section, 308–313. Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (1988). Scaling corrections for chi-square statistics in covariance structure analysis. ASA Proceedings of the Business and Economic Section, 308–313.
go back to reference Sibley, M. H., Pelham, W. E., Molina, B. S. G., Gnagy, E. M., Waschbusch, D. A., Garefino, A., & Karch, K. M. (2012). Diagnosing ADHD in adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80, 139–150. CrossRefPubMed Sibley, M. H., Pelham, W. E., Molina, B. S. G., Gnagy, E. M., Waschbusch, D. A., Garefino, A., & Karch, K. M. (2012). Diagnosing ADHD in adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80, 139–150. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smith, E. V., & Johnson, B. D. (1998). Factor structure of the DSM–IV: criteria for college students using the adult behavior checklist. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 31, 164–183. Smith, E. V., & Johnson, B. D. (1998). Factor structure of the DSM–IV: criteria for college students using the adult behavior checklist. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 31, 164–183.
go back to reference Smith, L., Tamm, L., Hughes, C., & Bernstein, I. (2013). Separate and overlapping relationships of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity in children and adolescents with ADHD. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, 5, 9–20. CrossRef Smith, L., Tamm, L., Hughes, C., & Bernstein, I. (2013). Separate and overlapping relationships of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity in children and adolescents with ADHD. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, 5, 9–20. CrossRef
go back to reference Sonuga-Barke, E. (2005). Causal models of ADHD: from common simple deficits to multiple developmental pathways. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1231–1238. Sonuga-Barke, E. (2005). Causal models of ADHD: from common simple deficits to multiple developmental pathways. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1231–1238.
go back to reference Span, S., Earleywine, M., & Strybel, T. (2002). Confirming the factor structure of ADHD symptoms in adult, nonclinical samples. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24(2), 129–136. CrossRef Span, S., Earleywine, M., & Strybel, T. (2002). Confirming the factor structure of ADHD symptoms in adult, nonclinical samples. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24(2), 129–136. CrossRef
go back to reference Swanson, J. M., McBurnett, K., Christian, D. L., & Wigal, T. (1995). Stimulant medications and the treatment of children with ADHD. In T. H. Ollendick & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology (Vol. 17, pp. 265–322). New York: Plenum Press. CrossRef Swanson, J. M., McBurnett, K., Christian, D. L., & Wigal, T. (1995). Stimulant medications and the treatment of children with ADHD. In T. H. Ollendick & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology (Vol. 17, pp. 265–322). New York: Plenum Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Swanson, J. M., Schuck, S., Mann, M., Carlson, C., Hartman, K., Sergeant, J. A., Wigal, T. (2001). Categorical and dimensional definitions and evaluations of symptoms of ADHD: the SNAP and SWAN ratings scales. Available at: http://​www.​adhd.​net. Swanson, J. M., Schuck, S., Mann, M., Carlson, C., Hartman, K., Sergeant, J. A., Wigal, T. (2001). Categorical and dimensional definitions and evaluations of symptoms of ADHD: the SNAP and SWAN ratings scales. Available at: http://​www.​adhd.​net.
go back to reference Swanson, J., Arnold, L. E., Kraemer, H., Hechtman, L., Molina, B., Hinshaw, S., & MTA Cooperative Group (2008). Evidence, interpretation, and qualification from multiple reports of long-term outcomes in the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA): Part I: Executive Summary. Journal of Attention Disorders, 12(1), 4–14. CrossRefPubMed Swanson, J., Arnold, L. E., Kraemer, H., Hechtman, L., Molina, B., Hinshaw, S., & MTA Cooperative Group (2008). Evidence, interpretation, and qualification from multiple reports of long-term outcomes in the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA): Part I: Executive Summary. Journal of Attention Disorders, 12(1), 4–14. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Toplak, M. E., Pitch, A., Flora, D. B., Iwenofu, L., Ghelani, K., Jain, U., & Tannock, R. (2009). The unity and diversity of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity in ADHD: evidence for a general factor with separable dimensions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37(8), 1137–1150. CrossRefPubMed Toplak, M. E., Pitch, A., Flora, D. B., Iwenofu, L., Ghelani, K., Jain, U., & Tannock, R. (2009). The unity and diversity of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity in ADHD: evidence for a general factor with separable dimensions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37(8), 1137–1150. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Toplak, M., Sorge, G., Flora, D., Chen, W., Banaschewski, T., Buitelaar, J., & Faraone, S. (2012). The hierarchical factor model of ADHD- Invariant across age and national groupings? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(3), 292–303. CrossRefPubMed Toplak, M., Sorge, G., Flora, D., Chen, W., Banaschewski, T., Buitelaar, J., & Faraone, S. (2012). The hierarchical factor model of ADHD- Invariant across age and national groupings? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(3), 292–303. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ullebø, A. K., Breivik, K., Gillberg, C., Lundervold, A. J., & Posserud, M. (2012). The factor structure of ADHD in a general population of primary school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(9), 927–936. CrossRefPubMed Ullebø, A. K., Breivik, K., Gillberg, C., Lundervold, A. J., & Posserud, M. (2012). The factor structure of ADHD in a general population of primary school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(9), 927–936. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1992). Wechsler individual achievement test: Manual. San Antonia, TX: Psychological Corp. Wechsler, D. (1992). Wechsler individual achievement test: Manual. San Antonia, TX: Psychological Corp.
go back to reference Wolraich, M. L., Lambert, E. W., Baumgaertel, A., Garcia-Tornel, S., Feurer, I. D., Bickman, L., & Doffing, M. A. (2003). Teachers’ screening for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: comparing multinational samples on teacher ratings of ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 445–555. Wolraich, M. L., Lambert, E. W., Baumgaertel, A., Garcia-Tornel, S., Feurer, I. D., Bickman, L., & Doffing, M. A. (2003). Teachers’ screening for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: comparing multinational samples on teacher ratings of ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 445–555.
go back to reference Wolraich, M., Wibbelsman, C., Brown, T., Evans, S., Gotlieb, E., Knight, J., & Wilens, T. (2005). Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder among adolescents- A review of the diagnosis, treatment and clinical implications. Pediatrics, 115(6), 1734–1746. CrossRefPubMed Wolraich, M., Wibbelsman, C., Brown, T., Evans, S., Gotlieb, E., Knight, J., & Wilens, T. (2005). Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder among adolescents- A review of the diagnosis, treatment and clinical implications. Pediatrics, 115(6), 1734–1746. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Yu, C.-Y. & Muthén, B. (2002). Evaluation of model fit indices for latent variable models with categorical and continuous outcomes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA. Yu, C.-Y. & Muthén, B. (2002). Evaluation of model fit indices for latent variable models with categorical and continuous outcomes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA.
go back to reference Yuan, K. H., & Bentler, P. M. (2000). Three likelihood-based methods for mean and covariance structure analysis with nonnormal missing data. In M. E. Sobel & M. P. Becker (Eds.), Sociological Methodology 2000 (pp. 165–200). Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. Yuan, K. H., & Bentler, P. M. (2000). Three likelihood-based methods for mean and covariance structure analysis with nonnormal missing data. In M. E. Sobel & M. P. Becker (Eds.), Sociological Methodology 2000 (pp. 165–200). Washington, DC: American Sociological Association.
Metagegevens
Titel
Exploration of the Factor Structure of ADHD in Adolescence through Self, Parent, and Teacher Reports of Symptomatology
Auteurs
J. Quyen V. A. Nichols
Erin K. Shoulberg
Annie A. Garner
Betsy Hoza
Keith B. Burt
Dianna Murray-Close
L. Eugene Arnold
Publicatiedatum
15-07-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 3/2017
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-016-0183-3