Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The purpose of the study was to evaluate neuropsychological and behavioral rating measures of executive functions (EF) in children with two subtypes of ADHD, Asperger syndrome (AS), and controls. Relative to the control group, the clinical groups experienced more difficulty in EF. The AS group showed the most difficulty in emotional control, behavioral regulation, fluid reasoning, and planning compared to the ADHD groups. Number of symptoms of ADHD or AS was found to be significantly related to ratings of difficulty with behavior regulation, metacognition, and general behavioral regulation across the sample. These findings indicate that children with AS or ADHD may have a differing EF profile and thus, may respond differentially to interventions.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Fourth Text Revision ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Anderson, V. A., Anderson, P., Northam, E., Jacobs, R., & Mikiewicz, O. (2002). Relationships between cognitive and behavioral measures of executive function in children with brain disease. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 231–240. PubMed
Attwood, A. J. (1998). Asperger’s syndrome. Londong: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Barkley, R. A. (2001). ‘Executive function and ADHD’: Reply. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 501–502. CrossRef
Barkley, R. A. (2003). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 75–143). New York: Guildford Press.
Barkley, R. A. (2005). ADHD and the nature of self-control. New York City: Guilford Press.
Bernstein, J. H., & Waber, D. P. (2007). Executive capacities from a developmental perspective. In L. Meltzer (Ed.), Executive function in education (pp. 39–54). New York: Guilford.
Bramham, J., Ambery, F., Young, S., Morris, R., Russell, A., Xenitidis, K., et al. (2009b). Executive functioning differences between adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autistic spectrum disorder in initiation, planning, and strategy formation. Autism, 13, 245–264. CrossRefPubMed
Corbett, B. A., Constantine, L. J., Hendren, R. L., Rocke, D., & Ozonoff, S. (2008). Examining executive functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and typical development. Psychiatry Research, 166, 210–222. CrossRef
De Rosnay, M., Harris, P. L., & Pons, F. (2008). Emotional understanding and developmental psychopathology in young children. In C. Sharp, P. Fonagy, & I. Goodyer (Eds.), Social cognition and developmental psychopathology (pp. 343–385). New York: Oxford University Press.
Delis, D. C., Kaplan, E., & Kramer, J. H. (2001). Delis–Kaplan executive functioning system: Examiner’s manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Denckla, M. B. (2007). Executive function: Binding together the definitions of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities. In L. Meltzer (Ed.), Executive function in education: From theory to practice (pp. 5–18). New York: Guilford.
Donders, J. (2002). The behavior rating inventory of executive function. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 229–230.
Epstein, T., Saltzman-Benaiah, J., O’Hare, A., Goll, J. C., & Tuck, S. (2008). Associated features of Asperger syndrome and their relationship to parenting stress. Child: Care, Health and Development, 34, 503–511. CrossRef
Fiorello, C. A., Thurman, S. K., Zavertnik, J., Sher, R., & Coleman, S. (2009). A comparison of teachers’ and school psychologists’ perceptions of the importance of CHC abilities in the classroom. Psychology in the Schools, 46, 489–500. CrossRef
Floyd, R. G., McGrew, K. S., Barry, A., Rafael, F., & Rogers, J. (2009). General and specific effects on Cattell–Horn–Carroll broad ability composites: Analysis of the Woodcock–Johnson III normative update Cattell–Horn–Carroll factor clusters across development. School Psychology Review, 38, 249–265.
Gillberg, C. (2005). The epidemiology of autism. In M. Coleman (Ed.), The neurology of autism (pp. 119–135). New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Gilotty, L., Kenworthy, L., Sirian, L. M., Black, D. O., & Wagner, A. E. (2002). Adaptive skills and executive function in autism spectrum disorders. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 241–248. PubMed
Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., Guy, K., & Kenworthy, L. (2000). Behavior rating inventory of executive function. Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.
Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., Kenworthy, L., & Barton, R. M. (2002). Profiles of everyday executive function in acquired and developmental disorders. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 121–137. PubMed
Goldstein, S., & Schwebach, A. J. (2004). The comorbidity of pervasive developmental disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Results of a retrospective chart review. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, V34(3), 329–339. CrossRef
Guli, L. A., Wilkinson, A., & Semrud-Clikeman, M. (2008). Social competence intervention program. Champaign, IL: Research Press.
Hill, E. L. (2004). Evaluating the theory of EF deficits in autism. Developmental Review, 24, 189–233. CrossRef
Keith, T. Z. (2006). Multiple regression and beyond. Boston: Pearson.
Laurent, A. C., & Rubin, E. (2004). Challenges in emotional regulation in Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism. Topics in Language Disorders, 24, 286–297. CrossRef
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Mahone, E. M., Hagelthorn, K. M., Cutting, L. E., Scherholz, L. J., Pelletier, S. R., Rawlins, C., et al. (2002). Effects of IQ on executive function measures in children with ADHD. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 52–65. PubMed
Marzocchi, G. M., Oosterlaan, J., Zuddas, A., Cavolina, P., Geurts, H., Redigolo, D., et al. (2009). Contrasting deficits on executive functions between ADHD and reading disabled children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 543–552. CrossRef
Muir-Broaddus, J. E., Rosenstein, L. D., Medina, D. E., & Soderberg, C. (2002). Neuropsychological test performance of children with ADHD relative to test norms and parent behavioral ratings. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 671–689. PubMed
Nyden, A., Gillberg, C., Hjelmquist, E., & Heiman, M. (1999). Executive function/attention deficits in boys with Asperger syndrome, attention disorder and reading/writing disorder. Autism, 3(3), 213–228. CrossRef
Ozonoff, S., Cook, I., Coon, H., Dawson, G., Joseph, R. M., Klin, A., et al. (2004). Performance on Cambridge neuropsychological test automated battery subtests sensitive to frontal lobe function in people with autistic disorder: Evidence from the collaborative programs of excellence in autism network. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 139–150. CrossRefPubMed
Ozonoff, S., & Griffith, E. M. (2000). Neuropsychological function and the external validity of Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin, F. R. Volkmar, & S. S. Sparrow (Eds.), Asperger syndrome. New York: Guilford Press.
Pennington, B. F. (2008). Diagnosing learning disorders: A neuropsychological framework (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.
Posey, D. J., Wiegand, R. E., Wilkerson, J., Maynard, M., Stigler, K. A., & McDougle, C. J. (2006). Open-label atomoxetine for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms associated with high-functioning pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 16, 599–610. CrossRefPubMed
Psychological Corporation. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment, Inc.
Puig-Antich, J., & Chambers, W. J. (1978). The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (Kiddie-Sads). New York: New York Psychiatric Press.
Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (2004). Behavior assessment system for children-2. Circle Pines, MN: Pearson Assessments.
Rinehart, N., Bradshaw, J. L., Moss, S. A., Brereton, A. V., & Tonge, B. (2008). Inhibition of return in young people with autism and Asperger’s disorder. Autism, 12, 247–258. CrossRef
Rinehart, N., Bradshaw, J. L., Tonge, B., Brereton, A. V., & Bellgrover, M. A. (2002). A neurobehavioral examination of individuals with high-functioning autism and Asperger’s disorder using a fronto-striatal model of dysfunction. Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 1, 164–177. PubMed
Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism diagnostic interview—revised (ADI-R). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Schrank, F. A., & Flanagan, D. P. (2003). WJ III clinical use and interpretation: Scientist-practitioner perspectives. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Sinzig, J., Morsch, D., Bruning, N., Schmidt, M. H., & Lehmkuhl, G. (2008). Inhibition, flexibility, working memory and planning in autism spectrum disorders with and without comorbid ADHD-symptoms. Child and adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2, 1–12. CrossRef
Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2002). Psychological heterogeneity in AD/HD—a dual pathway model of behaviour and cognition. Behavioral Brain Research, 130, 29–36. CrossRef
Vriezen, E. R., & Pigott, S. (2002). The relationship between parental report on the BRIEF and performance-based measures of executive function in children with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Child Neuropsychology, 8, 296–303. PubMed
Wang, Y.-H., Zhu, Z.-H., Wang, P., & Wang, Z.-H. (2008). The effect of rewards and punishment on affective decision-making in children with two subtypes of ADHD. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 40, 975–986. CrossRef
Wilcutt, E. G., Doyle, A. E., Nigg, J. T., Faraone, S. V., & Pennington, B. F. (2005). Validity of the executive function theory of ADHD: A meta-analytic review. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1336–1346. CrossRef
Woodcock, R. W., McGrew, K. S., & Mather, N. (2001). Woodcock–Johnson III test of cognitive abilities. Rolling Meadows, IL: Riverside Publishing.
- Executive Functioning in Children with Asperger Syndrome, ADHD-Combined Type, ADHD-Predominately Inattentive Type, and Controls
- Springer US