Skip to main content


Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

12-06-2015 | Uitgave 12/2015 Open Access

Quality of Life Research 12/2015

Examining the relationship between health-related quality of life and increasing numbers of diagnoses

Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 12/2015
Mathias Barra, Liv Ariane Augestad, David G. T. Whitehurst, Kim Rand-Hendriksen



Little is known about estimating utilities for comorbid (or ‘joint’) health states. Several joint health state prediction models have been suggested (for example, additive, multiplicative, best-of-pair, worst-of-pair, etc.), but no general consensus has been reached. The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and increasing numbers of diagnoses.


We analyzed a large dataset containing respondents’ ICD-9 diagnoses and preference-based HRQoL (EQ-5D and SF-6D). Data were stratified by the number of diagnoses, and mean HRQoL values were estimated. Several adjustments, accounting for the respondents’ age, sex, and the severity of the diagnoses, were carried out. Our analysis fitted additive and multiplicative models to the data and assessed model fit using multiple standard model selection methods.


A total of 39,817 respondents were included in the analyses. Average HRQoL values were represented well by both linear and multiplicative models. Although results across all analyses were similar, adjusting for severity of diagnoses, age, and sex strengthened the linear model’s performance measures relative to the multiplicative model. Adjusted R 2 values were above 0.99 for all analyses (i.e., all adjusted analyses, for both HRQoL instruments), indicating a robust result.


Additive and multiplicative models perform equally well within our analyses. A practical implication of our findings, based on the presumption that a linear model is simpler than an additive model, is that an additive model should be preferred unless there is compelling evidence to the contrary.

Onze productaanbevelingen

BSL Podotherapeut Totaal

Binnen de bundel kunt u gebruik maken van boeken, tijdschriften, e-learnings, web-tv's en uitlegvideo's. BSL Podotherapeut Totaal is overal toegankelijk; via uw PC, tablet of smartphone.

Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 12/2015

Quality of Life Research 12/2015 Naar de uitgave