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18-06-2015 | Uitgave 12/2015

Quality of Life Research 12/2015

Association between dental prosthesis need, nutritional status and quality of life of elderly subjects

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 12/2015
Auteurs:
Rajath Sasidharan Pillai, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Veena Jain, Naseem Shah, Sandeep Kalra, Pravesh Kumar, A. B. Dey

Abstract

Purpose

To determine the effect of prosthesis need on nutritional status and oral health-related quality of life (OHrQoL) in elderly and to check the disparity between prosthesis need and prosthesis want in the Indian elderly.

Methods

A total of 946 geriatric participants reporting to a geriatric medicine clinic were recruited in the study. Mini-nutritional assessment (MNA), geriatric oral health assessment (GOHAI) indices, prosthesis need according to WHO criteria, and prosthesis want was recorded along with age, gender, socioeconomic status and posterior occluding pair.

Results

Significant associations exist between prosthesis need and age (p = 0.005), MNA (p = 0.006) and GOHAI (p = 0.000). Prosthesis demand too was influenced by age (p = 0.004), posterior occluding pairs (p = 0.000), MNA (p = 0.012) and GOHAI (p = 0.000). GOHAI was negatively correlated with upper (r = −0.445) and lower prosthesis need (r = −0.460). Participants with some prosthesis need had significantly lower MNA and GOHAI scores as compared to those with no prosthesis need. Though prosthesis need was high (79.7 %), demand was low (39.3 %).

Conclusion

Prosthesis need affects nutritional status and OHrQoL in elderly, and a wide gap exists between need and want of prosthesis.

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