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01-07-2011 | Uitgave 5/2011 Open Access

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 5/2011

Emotional Dynamics in the Development of Early Adolescent Psychopathology: A One-Year Longitudinal Study

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 5/2011
Auteurs:
Anna Neumann, Pol A. C. van Lier, Tom Frijns, Wim Meeus, Hans M. Koot
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Data of the RADAR study were used. RADAR has been financially supported by main grants from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (GB-MAGW 480-03-005, GB-MAGW 480-08-006), and Stichting Achmea Slachtoffer en Samenleving (SASS), and various other grants from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the VU University Amsterdam and Utrecht University.
An erratum to this article can be found at http://​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-011-9525-3

Abstract

This study examined the role of the level and variability of happiness, anger, anxiety, and sadness in the development of adolescent-reported anxiety disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, and aggressive behavior in 452 adolescents (250 male) followed from age 13 to 14. Level and between-day variability of emotions were assessed through adolescent report at 3-month intervals across a 1 year period. Level and variability of the four emotions contributed to changes in anxiety disorder and depressive symptoms more consistently than to changes in aggressive behavior. All four emotions were predictive of changes in internalizing problems, while anger played the most prominent role in the development of aggressive behavior. Variability of emotions contributed to changes in anxiety disorder symptoms, while heightened levels of negative emotions and diminished happiness contributed to changes in depression. Results suggested somewhat stronger effects of negative affect on aggressive behavior for females than for males. Results underscore the role of emotion dysregulation in the development of psychopathology.

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