Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Parental overprotection and modeling of fearful behaviors have been proposed to play a central role in the development of anxiety. Yet there have been few longitudinal examinations of these relationships and virtually none focusing on the adolescent period. The current study measured adolescent perceptions of maternal anxious parenting (a combination of overprotection and expression of anxiety), mothers’ levels of anxiousness, and adolescents’ anxiety symptoms in 421 girls in grade 7 and their mothers. Measures were repeated 12 months later. When the adolescent’s self report of anxiety was used as the outcome, the adolescent’s perception of maternal anxious parenting significantly predicted adolescent anxiety 12 months later. When the mother’s report of adolescent anxiety was used as the outcome adolescent anxiety significantly predicted adolescent perceptions of maternal anxious parenting 12 months later. Maternal anxiousness predicted the adolescent’s perception of anxious parenting, but meditational relationships were not significant in either model. The data are partly consistent with reciprocal influence models of parent/child relationships but point to the importance of informant perspectives in determining relationships between these complex variables.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the depression anxiety stress scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10(2), 176–181. CrossRef
Bayer, J. K., Sanson, A. V., & Hemphill, S. A. (2006). Parent influences on early childhood internalizing difficulties. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 27, 542–559. CrossRef
Bruch, M. A., Heimberg, R. G., Berger, P., & Collins, T. M. (1989). Social phobia and perceptions of early parental and personal characteristics. Anxiety Research, 2, 57–65.
Cole, D. A., Martin, J. M., Peeke, L., Henderson, A., & Harwell, J. (1998). Validation of depression and anxiety measures in white and black youths: multitrait-multimethod analyses. Psychological Assessment, 10(3), 261–276. CrossRef
Edwards, S. L., Rapee, R. M., & Kennedy, S. (in press). Prediction of anxiety symptoms in preschool-aged children: Examination of maternal and paternal perspectives. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
Garber, J. (2005). Depression and the family. In J. L. Hudson & R. M. Rapee (Eds.), Psychopathology and the family (pp. 225–280). Oxford: Elsevier. CrossRef
Hu, L.-T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes on covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1–55. CrossRef
Hudson, J. L., & Rapee, R. M. (2004). From anxious temperament to disorder: An etiological model of generalized anxiety disorder. In R. G. Heimberg, C. L. Turk & D. S. Mennin (Eds.), Generalized anxiety disorder: Advances in research and practice (pp. 51–76). New York: Guilford.
Manassis, K., & Bradley, S. J. (1994). The development of childhood anxiety disorders: toward an integrated model. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 15, 345–366. CrossRef
Mills, R. S. L., & Rubin, K. H. (1990). Parental beliefs about problematic social behaviors in early childhood. Child Development, 61, 138–151. CrossRef
Nasser, F., & Wisenbaker, J. (2003). A Monte Carlo study investigating the impact of item parceling on measures of fit in confirmatory factor analysis. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 63(5), 729–757. CrossRef
Oh, K. J., Shin, Y. J., Moon, K. J., Hudson, J. L., & Rapee, R. M. (2002). Childrearing practices and psychological disorders in children: cross cultural comparisons of Korea and Australia. Yonsei Medical Journal, 43, 411–419. PubMed
Parker, G. (1983). Parental overprotection: a risk factor in psychosocial development. Sydney: Grune & Stratton.
Phares, V., Compas, B. E., & Howell, D. (1989). Perspectives on child behavior problems: comparisons of children’s self-reports with parent and teacher reports. Psychological Assessment, 1, 68–71. CrossRef
Rapee, R. M. (2008). Prevention of mental disorders: promises, limitations, and barriers. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 15, 47–52.
Rubin, K. H., & Mills, R. S. L. (1991). Conceptualizing developmental pathways to internalizing disorders in childhood. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 23, 300–317.
Rubin, K. H., Nelson, L. J., Hastings, P., & Asendorpf, J. (1999). The transaction between parents’ perceptions of their children’s shyness and their parenting styles. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 23(4), 937–957. CrossRef
Rubin, K. H., Coplan, R. J., & Bowker, J. C. (2009). Social withdrawal in childhood. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 11.11–11.31. CrossRef
Sacco, W., & Graves, D. (1985). Correspondence between teacher ratings of childhood depression and child self-ratings. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 14, 353–355. CrossRef
- Early Adolescents’ Perceptions of Their Mother’s Anxious Parenting as a Predictor of Anxiety Symptoms 12 Months Later
Ronald M. Rapee
- Springer US