Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
To examine the unity and diversity of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom domains of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in a clinical sample of adolescents with ADHD. Parents and adolescents were administered a semi-structured diagnostic interview, the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children — Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL), to assess adolescent ADHD. Data from 201 parent interviews and 189 adolescent interviews were examined. Four potential factor structures for the 18 ADHD symptoms were tested using confirmatory factor analysis: two models with correlated factors and two bifactor models. A bifactor model with two specific factors best accounted for adolescent symptoms, according to both parent and adolescents’ reports. Replication of these findings from behavioral rating scales completed for this sample by parents and teachers indicates that the findings are not method– or informant-specific. The results suggest that there is an important unitary component to ADHD symptoms and separable dimensional traits of Inattention and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms &Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (4 th ed. rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (3 rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Barkley, R. A. (ed). (2006). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford.
Barkley, R. A. (2001). The Inattentive type of ADHD as a distinct disorder: What remains to be done. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 489–493. CrossRef
Chen, F. F., West, S. G., & Sousa, K. H. (2006). A comparison of bifactor and second-order models of quality of life. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 41, 189–225. CrossRef
Collett, B.R., Crowley, S.L., Gimpel, G.A., & Greenson, J.N. (2000). The factor structure of DSM-IV attention deficit-hyperactivity symptoms: A confirmatory factor analysis of the ADHD-SRS. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 361–373.
Conners, C.K. (1997). Conners’ Rating Scales-Revised Technical Manual New York: Multi-Health Systems Inc.
Conners, C. K. (2008). Conners 3rdEdition: Manual. Multi-Health Systems Inc.: Toronto.
Dumenci, L., McConaughy, S. H., & Achenbach, T. M. (2004). A hierarchical three-factor model of inattention-hyperactivity-impulsivity derived from the attention problems syndrome of the teacher’s report form. School Psychology Review, 33, 287–301.
DuPaul, G. J. (1991). Parent and teacher ratings of ADHD symptoms: Psychometric properties in a community-based sample. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 20, 245–253. CrossRef
Finney, S. J., & DiStefano, C. (2006). Nonnormal and categorical data in structural equation modeling. In G. R. Hancock & R. O. Mueller (Eds.), Structural equation modeling: A second course. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
Hinshaw, S. P. (2001). Is the inattentive type of ADHD a separate disorder? Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 498–501. CrossRef
Holzinger, K. J., & Swineford, F. (1937). The bifactor method. Psychometrika, 2, 41–54. CrossRef
Kaufman, J., Birmaher, B., Brent, D., et al. (1997). Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children—present and lifetime version (K-SADS-PL): Initial reliability and validity data. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 980–988. CrossRefPubMed
Lahey, B. B. (2001). Should the combined and predominantly inattentive types of ADHD be considered distinct and unrelated disorders? Not now, at least. Clinical Psychology:Science and Practice, 8, 494–497. CrossRef
Milich, R., Balentine, A. C., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). ADHD combined type and ADHD predominantly Inattentive type are distinct and unrelated disorders. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 463–488. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2002). Mplus User’s Guide (5th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén and Muthén.
Nigg, J. T. (2006). What causes ADHD? Understanding what goes wrong and why. Guilford Press: New York.
Nigg, J. T., & Casey, B. J. (2005). An integrative theory of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder based on the cognitive and affective neurosciences. Development and Psychopathology, 17, 785–806. PubMed
Nigg, J. T., Willcutt, E. G., Doyle, A. E., & Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2004). Causal heterogeneity in ADHD: Do we need neuropsychologically impaired subtypes? Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1224–1230. CrossRef
Rasmussen, E. R., Todd, R. D., Neuman, R. J., Heath, A. C., Reich, W., & Rohde, L. A. (2002). Comparison of male-adolescent report of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms across two cultures using latent class and principle components analysis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 797–805. CrossRefPubMed
Rohde, L. A., Barbosa, G., Polanczyk, G., Eizirik, M., Rasmussen, E. R., Neuman, R. J., et al. (2001). Factor and latent class analysis of DSM-IV ADHD symptoms in a school sample of Brazilian adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 711–718. CrossRefPubMed
Rubia, K. (2005). RED: ADHD under the “micro-scope”of the rat model. Behavioral Brain Sciences, 28, 439–440.
Sagvolden, T., Aase, H., Johansen, E. B., & Russell, V. A. (2005). A dynamic developmental theory of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) predominantly hyperactive/impulsive and combined subtypes. Behav and Brain Sciences, 28, 397–420.
Sattler, J. M. (2008). Assessment of children (5th ed.). San Diego, USA: Jerome M. Sattler, Publisher, Inc.
Schmid, J., & Leiman, J. M. (1957). The development of hierarchical factor solutions. Psychometrika, 5, 141–152.
Sonuga- Barke, E. J. S. (2003). The dual pathway model of AD/HD: An elaboration of neurodevelopmental characteristics. Neuroscience &Biobehavioral Reviews, 27, 593–604. CrossRef
Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2002). Psychological heterogeneity in AD/HD-a dual pathway model of behaviour and cognition. Behavioral Brain Research, 130, 29–36. CrossRef
Span, S. A., Earleywine, M., & Strybel, T. J. (2002). Confirming the factor structure of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adult, nonclinical samples. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24, 129–136. CrossRef
Spearman, C. (1904). “General intelligence,” objectively determined and measured. American Journal of Psychology, 15, 201–293. CrossRef
Suskauer, S. J., Simmonds, D. J., Caffo, B. S., Denckla, M. B., Pekar, J. J., & Mostofsky, S. H. (2008). fMRI of instrasubject variability in ADHD: Anomalous premotor activity with prefrontal compensation. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 1141–1150. CrossRefPubMed
Swanson, J., Schuck, S., Mann, M., Carlson, C., Hartman, K., Sergeant, J. et al. (2005). Categorical and dimensional definitions and evaluations of symptoms of ADHD: The SNAP and the SWAN Ratings Scales [Draft]. Available at: www.adhd.net/SNAP_SWAN.pdf. Accessed April 2, 2009.
Toplak, M. E., Jain, U., & Tannock, R. (2005). Decision-making and cognitive abilities in adolescents with Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Behavioral and Brain Functions. 1:8, http://www.behavioralandbrainfunctions.com/content/1/1/8.
Wechsler, D. (1997). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Third Edition. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI). The Psychological Corporation: USA.
Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fourth Edition. The Psychological Corporation: USA.
West, S. G., Finch, J. F., & Curran, P. J. (1995). Structural equation models with non-normal variables: Problems and remedies. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications (pp. 56–75). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Wolraich, M. L., Hanna, J. N., Pinnock, T. Y., Baumgaertel, A., & Brown, J. (1996). Comparison of diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in a country-wide sample. Journal of the American Academy of Children and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 319–324. CrossRef
Young, D. J., & Hay, D. A. (2009). The diagnosis and measurement of ADHD: A comparative analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Yu, C.-Y., & Muthén, B. (2002, April). Evaluation of model fit indices for latent variable models with categorical and continuous outcomes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans,
Yung, Y. F., Thissen, D., & McLeod, L. D. (1999). On the relationship between the higher-order factor model and the hierarchical factor model. Psychometrika, 24, 45–51.
- The Unity and Diversity of Inattention and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity in ADHD: Evidence for a General Factor with Separable Dimensions
Maggie E. Toplak
David B. Flora
- Springer US