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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 4/2008

01-05-2008

Distinguishing Proactive and Reactive Aggression in Chinese Children

Auteurs: Yiyuan Xu, Zengxiu Zhang

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2008

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Abstract

This study examined proactive and reactive aggression and their relation to psychosocial adjustment in three samples (N = 767, 368 girls, M age = 10.03) of Chinese school age children. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that a two-factor model which distinguished both proactive and reactive aggression fit the data reasonably well, and also fit the data better than a single-factor model in all three samples. The distinction between proactive and reactive aggression was found for both boys and girls. Reactive aggression was more strongly related to reciprocated friendship (negatively), peer victimization, emotion dysregulation, hostile attributions of others’ behavior in ambiguous social situations, and self-reported loneliness and social anxiety (positively) than was proactive aggression. Proactive aggression was related to positive outcome expectancies and efficacy beliefs of aggression for boys but not for girls, but the significant gender difference was only found for positive outcome expectancies. The findings suggest that proactive and reactive aggression represent two distinct forms of aggression which are associated with specific adjustment outcomes in Chinese children.
Voetnoten
1
Vitaro et al. (2006b) also identified some gender differences concerning the correlations between reactive and proactive aggression (0.51 for boys, 0.46 for girls), and between family revenue and reactive aggression (−0.14 for boys, −0.19 for girls). However, these differences did not compromise the distinction between proactive and reactive aggression for both boys and girls.
 
2
To reduce the skewedness of the aggression data, in all three samples variables were log transformed. The CFAs results based on log-transformed data were similar to those based on the original data. Therefore, the results were reported with the untransformed data.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Distinguishing Proactive and Reactive Aggression in Chinese Children
Auteurs
Yiyuan Xu
Zengxiu Zhang
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9198-0

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