Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Developmental trajectories in delinquency through adolescence were studied along with family and peer relationship problems. Drawing from eight waves of data over seven years, we conducted trajectory analyses with a sample of 746 students (402 girls; 344 boys). Analyzing girls and boys together, a five-class model emerged: 60% of the adolescents rarely reported delinquency; 27.7% reported low initial levels with moderate levels of delinquency over time; 6% in the late onset group reported initially low and rising levels of delinquency; 5% in the early onset group reported moderate initial levels which increased and then decreased in later adolescence. A small group of only boys (1.3%) labeled chronic reported high initial levels of delinquency that increased over time. Group comparisons revealed problems in internalizing, parent and peer relationship problems. The findings provide direction for early identification and interventions to curtail the development of delinquency.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M., & Edelbrock, C. (1991). Manual for the youth self-report and profile. Burlington: University of Vermont Dept of Psychiatry.
Bardone, A. M., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., & Dickson, N. (1996). Adult mental health and social outcomes of adolescent girls with depression and conduct disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 811–829. CrossRef
Caspi, A., Lynam, D., Moffitt, T., & Silva, P. (1993). Unraveling girls’ delinquency: biological, dispositional, and contextual contributions to adolescent misbehavior. Developmental Psychology, 29, 19–30. CrossRef
Chesney-Lind, M., & Shelden, R. G. (1992). Girls: Delinquency and juvenile justice. Pacific Grove: Brooks/Cole.
Connolly, J. A., & Konarski, R. (1994). Peer self-concept in adolescence: analysis of factor structure and of associations with peer experience. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 4, 385–403. CrossRef
Coté, S., Tremblay, R. E., Nagin, D. S., Zoccolillo, M., & Vitaro, F. (2002). Childhood behavioral profiles leading to adolescent conduct disorder: risk trajectories for boys and girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 1086–1094. CrossRef
Farrington, D. (1986). Age and crime. In M. Tonry & N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and justice: A review of research, vol 4 (pp. 257–308). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Fuligni, A. J., & Eccles, J. S. (1993). Perceived parent-child relationships and early adolescent’s orientation toward peers. Developmental Psychology, 29(4), 622–632. CrossRef
Gorman-Smith, D. (2003). Prevention of antisocial behaviour in females. In D. Farrington & J. Coid (Eds.), Early prevention of adult antisocial behaviour (pp. 292–317). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Hipwell, A., Keenan, K., Kasza, K., Loeber, R., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Bean, T. (2008). Reciprocal influences between girls' conduct problems and depression, and parental punishment and warmth: a six year prospective analysis. Journal of Abormal Child Psychology, 36(5), 663–677. CrossRef
Jones, B., Nagin, D. S., & Roeder, K. (2001). A SAS procedure based on mixture models for estimatingdevelopmental trajectories. Sociological Methods and Research, 24, 892–901.
Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factor. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 90, 773–795. CrossRef
Lanctôt, N., Émond, C., & LeBlanc, M. (2004). Adjudicated females” participation in violence from adolescence to adulthood: Results from a longitudinal study. In M. M. Moretti, C. L. Odgers, & M. A. Jackson (Eds.), Girls and aggression: Contributing factors and intervention principles. Perspectives in law & psychology (pp. 75–84). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.
Lo, Y., Mendell, N. R., & Rubin, D. B. (2001). Testing the number of components in a normal mixture. Biometrika, 88(3), 767–778. CrossRef
Loeber, R., & Keenan, K. (1994). Interaction between conduct disorder and its comorbid conditions: effects of age and gender. Clinical Psychology Review, 14, 497–523. CrossRef
Maughan, B., Pickles, A., Rowe, R., Costello, E. J., & Angold, A. (2000). Developmental trajectories of aggressive and non-aggressive conduct problems. Journal of Quantitative Criminolgy, 16(2), 199–221. CrossRef
Moffitt, T. E., & Silva, P. A. (1988). Self-reported delinquency: results from an instrument for New Zealand. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 21, 227–240.
Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Rutter, M., & Silva, P. A. (2001). Sex differences in antisocial behavior. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Nagin, D. S. (1999). Analyzing developmental trajectories: a semi-parametric, group-based approach. Psychological Methods, 4, 139–157. CrossRef
Nagin, D. S. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Landon: Harvard University Press.
Parker, J. G., & Asher, S. R. (1993). Friendship and friendship quality in middle school: link with peer group acceptance and feeling of loneliness and social dissatisfaction. Developmental Psychology, 29, 611–621. CrossRef
Patterson, G. R., Capaldi, D., & Bank, L. (1991). An early starter model for predicting delinquency. In D. Pepler & K. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 135–168). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Pepler, D., Walsh, M., & Levene, K. (2004). Interventions for aggressive girls: Tailoring and measuring the fit. In M. Moretti, C. Odgers, & M. Jackson (Eds.), Girls and violence: Contributing factors and intervention principles: Perspectives in law and psychology series (pp. 131–145). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.
Snyder, H. (2001). Epidemiology of official offending. In R. Loeber & D. Farrington (Eds.), Child delinquents: Development, intervention and service needs (pp. 25–46). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Statistics Canada (2008). Children and Youth Report. http://www41.statcan.gc.ca/2008/20000/ceb20000_000-eng.htm.
Steinberg, L., Maounts, N. S., Lamborn, S. D., & Dornbusch, S. M. (1991). Authoritative parenting and adolescent adjustment across varied ecological niches. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 1, 19–36.
- Developmental Trajectories of Girls’ and Boys’ Delinquency and Associated Problems
Debra J. Pepler
Wendy M. Craig
- Springer US