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01-02-2008 | Original article | Uitgave 1/2008

Cognitive Therapy and Research 1/2008

Depression, Neuroticism, and Mood-regulation Expectancies for Engagement and Disengagement Coping Among Cigarette Smokers

Cognitive Therapy and Research > Uitgave 1/2008
Dara G. Friedman-Wheeler, David A. F. Haaga, Kathleen C. Gunthert, Anthony H. Ahrens, Elizabeth McIntosh
Belangrijke opmerkingen
This article is based on a doctoral dissertation completed by the first author under the supervision of the second author. We are grateful to dissertation committee member Kelly Rohan for her comments on earlier versions of this material. We would also like to thank Kristin Werner, Anne-Marie Jefferson, and Emma Mansour for their help in conducting this research.
The research reported in this article was conducted as part of a larger study, funded by a grant from the National Cancer Institute (1R21 CA91829-01A1). The data were presented in part at the 37th annual convention of the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy in November, 2004, New Orleans, LA.


Relapse to cigarette smoking after a quit attempt is often the result of inadequate coping. In a study of 72 cigarette smokers, relationships between neuroticism, depressive symptoms, and the use of engagement and disengagement coping strategies were explored, along with expectancies for the effectiveness of these different types of coping for regulating affect. Depression and neuroticism showed significant positive relationships with disengagement coping strategies (such as withdrawing from the situation) and negative relationships with engagement strategies (such as approaching those involved). In addition, mood-regulation expectancies for coping strategies were closely associated with their projected use. These findings may be helpful in tailoring coping skills training components of smoking cessation treatments.

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