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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 5/2014

01-07-2014

Cognitive Vulnerabilities as Mediators between Emotional Abuse and Depressive Symptoms

Auteurs: Patricia Padilla Paredes, Esther Calvete

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 5/2014

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Abstract

This study tested whether childhood parental emotional abuse and peer emotional bullying serve as antecedents of depression in adolescence and identified the cognitive mechanisms involved in this process. It was hypothesized that the experience of emotional abuse would predict depressive symptoms via development of rumination and negative inferences. A 3-wave longitudinal study was carried out with 998 adolescents (471 girls and 526 boys) between 13 and 17 years of age. Results showed that emotional abuse by parents and peers at Time 1 predicted a worsening of several cognitive vulnerabilities at Time 2. In addition, brooding mediated between the experiences of abuse and the increase of depressive symptoms at Time 3. Thus, findings suggest that the experiences of childhood emotional abuse by parents and peers serve as antecedents to develop a negative cognitive style, vulnerability that, once developed, is a risk factor for the onset of depressive symptoms in adolescence.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Cognitive Vulnerabilities as Mediators between Emotional Abuse and Depressive Symptoms
Auteurs
Patricia Padilla Paredes
Esther Calvete
Publicatiedatum
01-07-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 5/2014
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9828-7

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