Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2008

01-02-2008

Children’s Affect Expression and Frontal EEG Asymmetry: Transactional Associations with Mothers’ Depressive Symptoms

Auteurs: Erika E. Forbes, Daniel S. Shaw, Jennifer S. Silk, Xin Feng, Jeffrey F. Cohn, Nathan A. Fox, Maria Kovacs

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2008

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Although parents and children are thought to influence one another’s affect and behavior, few studies have examined the direction of effects from children to parents, particularly with respect to parental psychopathology. We tested the hypothesis that children’s affective characteristics are associated with the course of mothers’ depressive symptoms. Children’s affect expression was observed during a series of mother–child interaction tasks, and children’s resting frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry was assessed in a psychophysiology laboratory. Mothers’ depressive symptoms were assessed at two time points, approximately one year apart, at the mother–child interaction visits. Depressive symptoms increased over time for mothers with a history of childhood-onset depression whose children exhibited right frontal EEG asymmetry. Depressive symptoms were associated with high child negative affect at both time points for mothers whose children exhibited right frontal EEG asymmetry. Cross-lagged models with a subset of participants provided some evidence of both parent-to-child and child-to-parent directions of effects. Findings suggest that akin to other interpersonal stressors, children’s affective characteristics may contribute to maternal depressive symptoms.
Voetnoten
1
We have previously used the term affect regulation for this factor because we conceptualize it as a proxy, in some ways, for appropriate affect regulation in a social context. Upon reconsideration of the construct captured by this combination of behaviors in this behavioral paradigm, we have decided that affect expression is a more appropriate term.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Allen, N. B., & Badcock, P. B. T. (2003). The social risk hypothesis of depressed mood: Evolutionary, psychosocial, and neurobiological perspectives. Psychological Bulletin, 129(6), 1–28. CrossRef Allen, N. B., & Badcock, P. B. T. (2003). The social risk hypothesis of depressed mood: Evolutionary, psychosocial, and neurobiological perspectives. Psychological Bulletin, 129(6), 1–28. CrossRef
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (dsm–iii) (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (dsm–iii) (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (dsm–iii–r) (3rd Revised ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (dsm–iii–r) (3rd Revised ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (DSM-IV) (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (DSM-IV) (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Bauer, D. J., & Curran, P. J. (2005). Probing interaction sin fixed and multilevel regression: Inferential and graphical techniques. Multivariate Behavior Research, 40(3), 373–400. CrossRef Bauer, D. J., & Curran, P. J. (2005). Probing interaction sin fixed and multilevel regression: Inferential and graphical techniques. Multivariate Behavior Research, 40(3), 373–400. CrossRef
go back to reference Beardslee, W. R., Versage, E. M., & Gladstone, T. R. (1998). Children of affectively ill parents: A review of the past 10 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(11), 1134–1141. PubMedCrossRef Beardslee, W. R., Versage, E. M., & Gladstone, T. R. (1998). Children of affectively ill parents: A review of the past 10 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(11), 1134–1141. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988a). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 893–897. CrossRef Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988a). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 893–897. CrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Garbin, M. G. (1988b). Psychometric properties of the beck depression inventory: Twenty-five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 8, 77–100. CrossRef Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Garbin, M. G. (1988b). Psychometric properties of the beck depression inventory: Twenty-five years of evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 8, 77–100. CrossRef
go back to reference Bell, R. Q. (1968). A reinterpretation of the direction of effects in studies of socialization. Psychological Review, 75(2), 81–95. PubMedCrossRef Bell, R. Q. (1968). A reinterpretation of the direction of effects in studies of socialization. Psychological Review, 75(2), 81–95. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bell, R. Q., & Harper, L. V. (1977). Child effects on adults. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Bell, R. Q., & Harper, L. V. (1977). Child effects on adults. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Caspi, A., Sugden, K., Moffitt, T. E., Taylor, A., Craig, I. W., Harrington, H., et al. (2003). Influence of life stress on depression: Moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-htt gene. Science, 301(5631), 386–389. PubMedCrossRef Caspi, A., Sugden, K., Moffitt, T. E., Taylor, A., Craig, I. W., Harrington, H., et al. (2003). Influence of life stress on depression: Moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-htt gene. Science, 301(5631), 386–389. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cole, P. M. (1986). Children’s spontaneous control of facial expression. Child Development, 57, 1309–1321. CrossRef Cole, P. M. (1986). Children’s spontaneous control of facial expression. Child Development, 57, 1309–1321. CrossRef
go back to reference Cole, P. M., Martin, S. E., & Dennis, T. A. (2004). Emotion regulation as a scientific construct: Methodological challenges and directions for child development research. Child Development, 75(2), 317–333. PubMedCrossRef Cole, P. M., Martin, S. E., & Dennis, T. A. (2004). Emotion regulation as a scientific construct: Methodological challenges and directions for child development research. Child Development, 75(2), 317–333. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cole, P. M., Teti, L. O., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2003). Mutual emotion regulation and the stability of conduct problems betwen preschool and early school age. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 1–18. PubMedCrossRef Cole, P. M., Teti, L. O., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2003). Mutual emotion regulation and the stability of conduct problems betwen preschool and early school age. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 1–18. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (1994). Maternal depression and child development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35(1), 73–112. PubMedCrossRef Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (1994). Maternal depression and child development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35(1), 73–112. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Davidson, R. J. (1994). Asymmetric brain function, affective style, and psychopathology: The role of early experience and plasticity. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 741–758. CrossRef Davidson, R. J. (1994). Asymmetric brain function, affective style, and psychopathology: The role of early experience and plasticity. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 741–758. CrossRef
go back to reference Davidson, R. J. (2004). What does the prefrontal cortex “do” in affect: Perspectives on frontal EEG asymmetry research. Biological Psychology, 67(1–2), 219–233. PubMedCrossRef Davidson, R. J. (2004). What does the prefrontal cortex “do” in affect: Perspectives on frontal EEG asymmetry research. Biological Psychology, 67(1–2), 219–233. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Davidson, R. J., Jackson, D. C., & Kalin, N. H. (2000a). Emotion, plasticity, context, and regulation: Perspectives from affective neuroscience. Psychological Bulletin, 126(6), 890–909. CrossRef Davidson, R. J., Jackson, D. C., & Kalin, N. H. (2000a). Emotion, plasticity, context, and regulation: Perspectives from affective neuroscience. Psychological Bulletin, 126(6), 890–909. CrossRef
go back to reference Davidson, R. J., Jackson, D. C., & Larson, C. L. (2000b). Human electroencephalography. In J. T. Cacioppo, L. G. Tassinary & G. G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (2nd ed.) (pp. 27–52). New York: Cambridge University Press. Davidson, R. J., Jackson, D. C., & Larson, C. L. (2000b). Human electroencephalography. In J. T. Cacioppo, L. G. Tassinary & G. G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology (2nd ed.) (pp. 27–52). New York: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Davila, J., Hammen, C., Burge, D., Paley, B., & Daley, S. E. (1995). Poor interpersonal problem solving as a mechanism of stress generation in depression among adolescent women. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104(4), 592–600. PubMedCrossRef Davila, J., Hammen, C., Burge, D., Paley, B., & Daley, S. E. (1995). Poor interpersonal problem solving as a mechanism of stress generation in depression among adolescent women. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104(4), 592–600. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dickstein, S., Seifer, R., Hayden, L. C., Schiller, M., Sameroff, A. J., Keitner, G., et al. (1998). Levels of family assessment: Ii. Impact of maternal psychopathology on family functioning. Journal of Family Psychology, 12(1), 23–40. CrossRef Dickstein, S., Seifer, R., Hayden, L. C., Schiller, M., Sameroff, A. J., Keitner, G., et al. (1998). Levels of family assessment: Ii. Impact of maternal psychopathology on family functioning. Journal of Family Psychology, 12(1), 23–40. CrossRef
go back to reference Downey, G., & Coyne, J. C. (1990). Children of depressed parents: An integrative review. Psychological Bulletin, 108(1), 50–76. PubMedCrossRef Downey, G., & Coyne, J. C. (1990). Children of depressed parents: An integrative review. Psychological Bulletin, 108(1), 50–76. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Eisenberg, N., Gershoff, E. T., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Cumberland, A. J., Losoya, S. H., et al. (2001). Mothers’ emotional expressivity and children’s behavior problems and social competence: Mediation through children’s regulation. Developmental Psychology, 37(4), 475–490. PubMedCrossRef Eisenberg, N., Gershoff, E. T., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Cumberland, A. J., Losoya, S. H., et al. (2001). Mothers’ emotional expressivity and children’s behavior problems and social competence: Mediation through children’s regulation. Developmental Psychology, 37(4), 475–490. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Eisenberg, N., & Spinrad, T. L. (2004). Emotion-related regulation: Sharpening the definition. Child Development, 75, 334–339. PubMedCrossRef Eisenberg, N., & Spinrad, T. L. (2004). Emotion-related regulation: Sharpening the definition. Child Development, 75, 334–339. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Field, T. (1994). The effects of mother’s physical and emotional unavailability on emotion regulation. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), The development of emotion regulation: Biological and Behavioral Considerations, 59(2–3), 208–227. Field, T. (1994). The effects of mother’s physical and emotional unavailability on emotion regulation. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), The development of emotion regulation: Biological and Behavioral Considerations, 59(2–3), 208–227.
go back to reference First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (1995). Structured clinical interview for dsm-iv axis i disorders - patient edition (scid-i/d, version 2.0). New York: Biometrics Research Department, New York State Psychiatric Institute. First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (1995). Structured clinical interview for dsm-iv axis i disorders - patient edition (scid-i/d, version 2.0). New York: Biometrics Research Department, New York State Psychiatric Institute.
go back to reference Forbes, E. E., Shaw, D. S., Fox, N. A., Cohn, J. F., Silk, J. S., & Kovacs, M. (2006). Maternal depression, child frontal asymmetry, and child affective behavior as factors in child behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 47, 79–87. Forbes, E. E., Shaw, D. S., Fox, N. A., Cohn, J. F., Silk, J. S., & Kovacs, M. (2006). Maternal depression, child frontal asymmetry, and child affective behavior as factors in child behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 47, 79–87.
go back to reference Fox, N. A. (1991). If it’s not left, it’s right: Electroencephalograph asymmetry and the development of emotion. American Psychologist, 46, 863–872. PubMedCrossRef Fox, N. A. (1991). If it’s not left, it’s right: Electroencephalograph asymmetry and the development of emotion. American Psychologist, 46, 863–872. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fox, N. A. (1994). Dynamic cerebral processes underlying emotion regulation. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), The development of emotion regulation: Biological and behavioral considerations (Vol. 59, 2–3, Serial no. 240; pp. 152–166). Fox, N. A. (1994). Dynamic cerebral processes underlying emotion regulation. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), The development of emotion regulation: Biological and behavioral considerations (Vol. 59, 2–3, Serial no. 240; pp. 152–166).
go back to reference Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., Rubin, K. H., Calkins, S. D., & Schmidt, L. A. (2001). Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance: Psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of life. Child Development, 72, 1–21. PubMedCrossRef Fox, N. A., Henderson, H. A., Rubin, K. H., Calkins, S. D., & Schmidt, L. A. (2001). Continuity and discontinuity of behavioral inhibition and exuberance: Psychophysiological and behavioral influences across the first four years of life. Child Development, 72, 1–21. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fredrickson, B. L., & Losada, M. F. (2005). Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. American Psychologist, 60, 678–686. PubMedCrossRef Fredrickson, B. L., & Losada, M. F. (2005). Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. American Psychologist, 60, 678–686. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gasser, T., Bacher, P., & Mocks, J. (1982). Transformations toward the normal distribution of broadband spectral parameters of the EEG. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 53, 119–124. PubMedCrossRef Gasser, T., Bacher, P., & Mocks, J. (1982). Transformations toward the normal distribution of broadband spectral parameters of the EEG. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 53, 119–124. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Goodyer, I. M., Herbert, J., Tamplin, A., Secher, S. M., & Pearson, J. (1997). Short-term outcome of major depression: Ii. Life events, family dysfunction, and friendship difficulties as predictors of persistent disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(4), 474–480. PubMedCrossRef Goodyer, I. M., Herbert, J., Tamplin, A., Secher, S. M., & Pearson, J. (1997). Short-term outcome of major depression: Ii. Life events, family dysfunction, and friendship difficulties as predictors of persistent disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(4), 474–480. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gottman, J. M. (1998). Psychology and the study of marital processes. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 169–197. PubMedCrossRef Gottman, J. M. (1998). Psychology and the study of marital processes. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 169–197. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gross, J. J., & Muñoz, R. (1995). Emotion regulation and mental health. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 2(2), 151–164. CrossRef Gross, J. J., & Muñoz, R. (1995). Emotion regulation and mental health. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 2(2), 151–164. CrossRef
go back to reference Grusec, J. E., & Lytton, H. (1988). Social development: History, theory, and research. New York: Springer. Grusec, J. E., & Lytton, H. (1988). Social development: History, theory, and research. New York: Springer.
go back to reference Hammen, C. (2003). Interpersonal stress and depression in women. Journal of Affective Disorders, 74(1), 49–57. PubMedCrossRef Hammen, C. (2003). Interpersonal stress and depression in women. Journal of Affective Disorders, 74(1), 49–57. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hammen, C., Burge, D., & Stansbury, K. (1990). Relationship of mother and child variables to child outcomes in a high-risk sample: A causal modeling analysis. Developmental Psychology, 26(1), 24–30. CrossRef Hammen, C., Burge, D., & Stansbury, K. (1990). Relationship of mother and child variables to child outcomes in a high-risk sample: A causal modeling analysis. Developmental Psychology, 26(1), 24–30. CrossRef
go back to reference Harrington, R., Fudge, H., Rutter, M., Pickles, A., & Hill, J. (1990). Adult outcomes of childhood and adolescent depression. I. Psychiatric status. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47(5), 465–473. PubMed Harrington, R., Fudge, H., Rutter, M., Pickles, A., & Hill, J. (1990). Adult outcomes of childhood and adolescent depression. I. Psychiatric status. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47(5), 465–473. PubMed
go back to reference Henderson, H. A., Fox, N. A., & Rubin, K. (2001). Temperamental contributions to social behavior: The moderating roles of frontal EEG asymmetry and gender. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(1), 68–74. PubMedCrossRef Henderson, H. A., Fox, N. A., & Rubin, K. (2001). Temperamental contributions to social behavior: The moderating roles of frontal EEG asymmetry and gender. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(1), 68–74. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hops, H., Biglan, A., Sherman, L., Arthur, J., Friedman, L., & Osteen, V. (1987). Home observations of family interactions of depressed women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55(3), 341–346. PubMedCrossRef Hops, H., Biglan, A., Sherman, L., Arthur, J., Friedman, L., & Osteen, V. (1987). Home observations of family interactions of depressed women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55(3), 341–346. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kendler, K. S., Neale, M. C., Kessler, R. C., Heath, A. C., & Eaves, L. J. (1993). A longitudinal twin study of personality and major depression in women. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50(11), 853–862. PubMed Kendler, K. S., Neale, M. C., Kessler, R. C., Heath, A. C., & Eaves, L. J. (1993). A longitudinal twin study of personality and major depression in women. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50(11), 853–862. PubMed
go back to reference Kopp, C. B. (1982). Antecedents of self-regulation: A developmental perspective. Developmental Psychology, 18(2), 199–214. CrossRef Kopp, C. B. (1982). Antecedents of self-regulation: A developmental perspective. Developmental Psychology, 18(2), 199–214. CrossRef
go back to reference Kovacs, M., Devlin, B., Pollock, M., Richards, C., & Mukerji, P. (1997). A controlled family history study of childhood-onset depressive disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 613–623. PubMed Kovacs, M., Devlin, B., Pollock, M., Richards, C., & Mukerji, P. (1997). A controlled family history study of childhood-onset depressive disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 613–623. PubMed
go back to reference Kovacs, M., Feinberg, T. L., Crouse-Novak, M. A., Paulauskas, S. L., & Finkelstein, R. (1984a). Depressive disorders in childhood: I—A longitudinal prospective study of characteristics and recovery. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 229–237. Kovacs, M., Feinberg, T. L., Crouse-Novak, M. A., Paulauskas, S. L., & Finkelstein, R. (1984a). Depressive disorders in childhood: I—A longitudinal prospective study of characteristics and recovery. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 229–237.
go back to reference Kovacs, M., Feinberg, T. L., Crouse-Novak, M. A., Paulauskas, S. L., Pollock, M., & Finkelstein, R. (1984b). Depressive disorders in childhood: II—A longitudinal study of the risk for a subsequent major depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 643–649. Kovacs, M., Feinberg, T. L., Crouse-Novak, M. A., Paulauskas, S. L., Pollock, M., & Finkelstein, R. (1984b). Depressive disorders in childhood: II—A longitudinal study of the risk for a subsequent major depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 643–649.
go back to reference Kovacs, M., & Goldston, D. (1991). Cognitive and social cognitive development of depressed children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30(3), 388–392. PubMedCrossRef Kovacs, M., & Goldston, D. (1991). Cognitive and social cognitive development of depressed children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30(3), 388–392. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Levenson, R. W., Carstensen, L. L., & Gottman, J. M. (1994). The influence of age and gender on affect, physiology, and their interrelations: A study of long-term marriages. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(1), 56–68. PubMedCrossRef Levenson, R. W., Carstensen, L. L., & Gottman, J. M. (1994). The influence of age and gender on affect, physiology, and their interrelations: A study of long-term marriages. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(1), 56–68. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lyons-Ruth, K., Lyubchik, A., Wolf, R., & Bronfman, E. (2002). Parental depression and child attachment: Hostile and helpless profiles of parent and child behavior among families at risk. In S. H. Goodman & I. H. Gotlib (Eds.), Children of depressed parents: Mechanisms of risk and implications for treatment (pp. 89–120). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Lyons-Ruth, K., Lyubchik, A., Wolf, R., & Bronfman, E. (2002). Parental depression and child attachment: Hostile and helpless profiles of parent and child behavior among families at risk. In S. H. Goodman & I. H. Gotlib (Eds.), Children of depressed parents: Mechanisms of risk and implications for treatment (pp. 89–120). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Marshall, P. J., Bar-Haim, Y., & Fox, N. A. (2002). Development of the EEG from 5 months to 4 years of age. Clinical Neurophysiology, 113, 1199–1208. PubMedCrossRef Marshall, P. J., Bar-Haim, Y., & Fox, N. A. (2002). Development of the EEG from 5 months to 4 years of age. Clinical Neurophysiology, 113, 1199–1208. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mitchell, S. K. (1979). Interobserver agreement, reliability, and generalizability of data collected to observational studies. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 376–390. CrossRef Mitchell, S. K. (1979). Interobserver agreement, reliability, and generalizability of data collected to observational studies. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 376–390. CrossRef
go back to reference Newman, D. L., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Magdol, L., Silva, P. A., & Stanton, W. R. (1996). Psychiatric disorder in a birth cohort of young adults: Prevalence, comorbidity, clinical significance, and new case incidence from ages 11 to 21. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(3), 552–562. PubMedCrossRef Newman, D. L., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Magdol, L., Silva, P. A., & Stanton, W. R. (1996). Psychiatric disorder in a birth cohort of young adults: Prevalence, comorbidity, clinical significance, and new case incidence from ages 11 to 21. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(3), 552–562. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2000). The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(3), 504–511. PubMedCrossRef Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2000). The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(3), 504–511. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Oldfield, R. C. (1971). The assessment and analysis of handedness: The Edinburgh inventory. Neuropsychologia, 9, 97–113. PubMedCrossRef Oldfield, R. C. (1971). The assessment and analysis of handedness: The Edinburgh inventory. Neuropsychologia, 9, 97–113. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Patterson, G. R. (1982). A social learning approach: 3. Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castalia. Patterson, G. R. (1982). A social learning approach: 3. Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castalia.
go back to reference Pelham, W. E., Lang, A. R., Atkeson, B., Murphy, D. A., Gnagy, E. M., Greiner, A. R., Vodde-Hamilton, M., & Greenslade, K. E. (1997). Effects of deviant child behavior on parental distress and alcohol consumption in laboratory interactions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 25, 413–424. PubMedCrossRef Pelham, W. E., Lang, A. R., Atkeson, B., Murphy, D. A., Gnagy, E. M., Greiner, A. R., Vodde-Hamilton, M., & Greenslade, K. E. (1997). Effects of deviant child behavior on parental distress and alcohol consumption in laboratory interactions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 25, 413–424. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pfurtscheller, G., Stancak, A., & Neuper, C. (1996). Event-related synchronization (ers) in the alpha band—An electrophysiological correlate of cortical idling: A review. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 24, 39–46. PubMedCrossRef Pfurtscheller, G., Stancak, A., & Neuper, C. (1996). Event-related synchronization (ers) in the alpha band—An electrophysiological correlate of cortical idling: A review. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 24, 39–46. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Posner, M. I., & Rothbart, M. K. (1998). Attention, self-regulation, and consciousness. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 353, 1915–1927. PubMedCrossRef Posner, M. I., & Rothbart, M. K. (1998). Attention, self-regulation, and consciousness. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 353, 1915–1927. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interaction effects in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. CrossRef Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interaction effects in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. CrossRef
go back to reference Sameroff, A. J., & Chandler, M. (1975). Reproductive risk and the continuum of caretaking casualty. In F. D. Horowitz, E. M. Hetherington, S. Scarr-Salapatek & G. Siegel (Eds.), Review of child development research (Vol. 4). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Sameroff, A. J., & Chandler, M. (1975). Reproductive risk and the continuum of caretaking casualty. In F. D. Horowitz, E. M. Hetherington, S. Scarr-Salapatek & G. Siegel (Eds.), Review of child development research (Vol. 4). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
go back to reference Sanson, A., Oberklaid, F., Pedlow, R., & Prior, M. (1991). Risk indicators: Assessment of infancy predictors of pre-school behavioural adjustment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 609–626. PubMedCrossRef Sanson, A., Oberklaid, F., Pedlow, R., & Prior, M. (1991). Risk indicators: Assessment of infancy predictors of pre-school behavioural adjustment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32, 609–626. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Scarr, S., & McCartney, K. (1983). How people make their own environments: A theory of genotype greater than environment effects. Child Development, 54, 424–435. PubMed Scarr, S., & McCartney, K. (1983). How people make their own environments: A theory of genotype greater than environment effects. Child Development, 54, 424–435. PubMed
go back to reference Seifer, R., Sameroff, A. J., Dickstein, S., Keitner, G., & Miller, I. (1996). Parental psychopathology, multiple contextual risks, and one-year outcomes in children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 423–435. CrossRef Seifer, R., Sameroff, A. J., Dickstein, S., Keitner, G., & Miller, I. (1996). Parental psychopathology, multiple contextual risks, and one-year outcomes in children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 423–435. CrossRef
go back to reference Shaw, D. S., Schonberg, M., Sherrill, J., Huffman, D., Lukon, J., Obrosky, D., & Kovacs, M. (2006). Responsivity to offspring’s expression of emotion among childhood-onset depressed mothers. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 540–552. Shaw, D. S., Schonberg, M., Sherrill, J., Huffman, D., Lukon, J., Obrosky, D., & Kovacs, M. (2006). Responsivity to offspring’s expression of emotion among childhood-onset depressed mothers. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 540–552.
go back to reference Shaw, D. S., Gross, H., & Moilanen, K. (in press). Developmental transactions between boys’ conduct problems and mothers’ depressive symptoms. In A. Sameroff (Ed.), Transactional processes in development. Washington D.C.: American Psychology Association. Shaw, D. S., Gross, H., & Moilanen, K. (in press). Developmental transactions between boys’ conduct problems and mothers’ depressive symptoms. In A. Sameroff (Ed.), Transactional processes in development. Washington D.C.: American Psychology Association.
go back to reference Sheeber, L., Hops, H., & Davis, B. (2001). Family processes in adolescent depression. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 4(1), 19–35. PubMedCrossRef Sheeber, L., Hops, H., & Davis, B. (2001). Family processes in adolescent depression. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 4(1), 19–35. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sherrill, J. T., & Kovacs, M. (2000). Interview schedule for children and adolescents (ISCA). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 67–75. PubMedCrossRef Sherrill, J. T., & Kovacs, M. (2000). Interview schedule for children and adolescents (ISCA). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 67–75. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Silk, J. S., Shaw, D. S., Forbes, E. E., Lane, T. J., & Kovacs, M. (2006). Maternal depression and child internalizing: The moderating role of child emotion regulation. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 116–126. PubMedCrossRef Silk, J. S., Shaw, D. S., Forbes, E. E., Lane, T. J., & Kovacs, M. (2006). Maternal depression and child internalizing: The moderating role of child emotion regulation. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 116–126. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stuss, D. T., & Alexander, M. P. (2007). Is there a dysexecutive syndrome? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: B, Biological Sciences, 362, 901–915. CrossRef Stuss, D. T., & Alexander, M. P. (2007). Is there a dysexecutive syndrome? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: B, Biological Sciences, 362, 901–915. CrossRef
go back to reference Surguladze, S., Brammer, M. J., Keedwell, P., Giampietro, V., Young, A. W., Travis, M. J., et al. (2005). A differential pattern of neural response toward sad versus happy facial expressions in major depressive disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 201–209. PubMedCrossRef Surguladze, S., Brammer, M. J., Keedwell, P., Giampietro, V., Young, A. W., Travis, M. J., et al. (2005). A differential pattern of neural response toward sad versus happy facial expressions in major depressive disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 201–209. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Teti, D. M., & Gelfand, D. M. (1991). Behavioral competence among mothers of infants in the first year: The mediational role of maternal self-efficacy. Child Development, 62(5), 918–929. PubMedCrossRef Teti, D. M., & Gelfand, D. M. (1991). Behavioral competence among mothers of infants in the first year: The mediational role of maternal self-efficacy. Child Development, 62(5), 918–929. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tomarken, A. J., & Keener, A. D. (1998). Frontal brain asymmetry and depression: A self-regulatory perspective. Cognition and Emotion, 12(3), 387–420. CrossRef Tomarken, A. J., & Keener, A. D. (1998). Frontal brain asymmetry and depression: A self-regulatory perspective. Cognition and Emotion, 12(3), 387–420. CrossRef
go back to reference Watson, D. (2000). Mood and temperament. New York: Guilford. Watson, D. (2000). Mood and temperament. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Weissman, M. M., Wolk, S., Wickramaratne, P., Goldstein, R. B., Adams, P., Greenwald, S., et al. (1999). Children with prepubertal-onset major depressive disorder and anxiety grown up. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(9), 794–801. PubMedCrossRef Weissman, M. M., Wolk, S., Wickramaratne, P., Goldstein, R. B., Adams, P., Greenwald, S., et al. (1999). Children with prepubertal-onset major depressive disorder and anxiety grown up. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(9), 794–801. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Children’s Affect Expression and Frontal EEG Asymmetry: Transactional Associations with Mothers’ Depressive Symptoms
Auteurs
Erika E. Forbes
Daniel S. Shaw
Jennifer S. Silk
Xin Feng
Jeffrey F. Cohn
Nathan A. Fox
Maria Kovacs
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9171-y

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2008

Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2008 Naar de uitgave