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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 2/2008

01-02-2008

Children with Comorbid Speech Sound Disorder and Specific Language Impairment are at Increased Risk for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Auteurs: Lauren M. McGrath, Christa Hutaff-Lee, Ashley Scott, Richard Boada, Lawrence D. Shriberg, Bruce F. Pennington

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2008

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Abstract

This study focuses on the comorbidity between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and speech sound disorder (SSD). SSD is a developmental disorder characterized by speech production errors that impact intelligibility. Previous research addressing this comorbidity has typically used heterogeneous groups of speech–language disordered children. This study employed more precise speech–language diagnostic criteria and examined ADHD symptomatology in 108 SSD children between the ages of 4 and 7 years old with specific language impairment (SLI) (n = 23, 14 males, 9 females) and without SLI (n = 85, 49 males, 36 females). We also examined whether a subcategory of SSD, persistent (n = 39, 25 males, 14 females) versus normalized SSD (n = 67, 38 males, 29 females), was associated with ADHD and/or interacted with SLI to predict ADHD symptomatology. Results indicated that participants in the SSD + SLI group had higher rates of inattentive ADHD symptoms than those in the SSD-only and control groups. In addition, an unexpected interaction emerged such that children with SLI and normalized-SSD had significantly higher ADHD inattentive ratings than the other subgroups. A proposed explanation for this interaction is discussed.
Voetnoten
1
The anchor for a rating of 2 on the parent questionnaire was “pretty much” whereas the anchor for a rating of 2 on the teacher questionnaire was “quite a bit.”
 
2
Degrees of freedom that are decimals are from t-tests in which equality of variances was not assumed. In all cases, if the significance value when equality of variances was assumed versus not assumed differed, the corrected t-test was reported.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Children with Comorbid Speech Sound Disorder and Specific Language Impairment are at Increased Risk for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Auteurs
Lauren M. McGrath
Christa Hutaff-Lee
Ashley Scott
Richard Boada
Lawrence D. Shriberg
Bruce F. Pennington
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9166-8

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