Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction is a secular behavioral medicine program that has roots in meditative spiritual practices. Thus, spirituality may partly explain Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction outcomes. Participants (N = 279; M (SD) age = 45(12); 75% women) completed an online survey before and after an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesis that, following Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, the relationship between enhanced mindfulness and improved health-related quality of life is mediated by increased daily spiritual experiences. Changes in both spirituality and mindfulness were significantly related to improvement in mental health. Although the initial mediation hypothesis was not supported, an alternate model suggested that enhanced mindfulness partly mediated the association between increased daily spiritual experiences and improved mental health-related quality of life (indirect effect: β = 0.07, P = 0.017). Effects on physical health-related quality of life were not significant. Findings suggest a novel mechanism by which increased daily spiritual experiences following Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction may partially explain improved mental health as a function of greater mindfulness.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology Science and Practice, 10, 125–143. CrossRef
Birnie, K., Speca, M., & Carlson, L. E. (2010). Exploring self-compassion and empathy in the context of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Stress and Health, 26, 359–371. CrossRef
Feldman, G., Hayes, A., Kumar, S., Greeson, J., & Laurenceau, J. P. (2007). Mindfulness and emotion regulation: The development and initial validation of the cognitive and affective mindfulness scale-revised (CAMS-R). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 29, 177–190. CrossRef
Flickstein, M. (2001). Swallowing the River Ganges: A practice guide to the path of purification. Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications.
Gallup, G., & Johnson, B. R. (2003). New index tracks spiritual state of the union. Gallup Poll News Service. Retrieved from http://www.gallup.com/poll/7657/New-Index-Tracks-Spiritual-State-Union.aspx.
Garland, S. N., Carlson, L. E., Cook, S., Lansdell, L., & Speca, M. (2007). A non-randomized comparison of mindfulness-based stress reduction and healing arts programs for facilitating post-traumatic growth and spirituality in cancer outpatients. Supportive Care in Cancer, 15, 949–961. PubMedCrossRef
Goldstein, J., & Kornfield, J. (1987). Seeking the heart of wisdom: The path of insight meditation. Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications, Inc.
Greeson, J. M. (2009). Mindfulness research update: 2008. Complementary Health Practice Review, 14, 10–18. PubMed
Harrington, A. (1999). The placebo effect: An interdisciplinary exploration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York, NY: Delacorte Press.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York, NY: Hyperion Books.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1999). Indra’s net at work: The mainstreaming of dharma practice in society. In G. Watson, S. Batchelor, & G. Claxton (Eds.), The psychology of awakening: Buddhism, science, and our day-to-day lives (pp. 225–249). London: Rider.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 144–156. CrossRef
Kline, R. B. (2004). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2001). Handbook of religion and health. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc. CrossRef
Kornfield, J. (1993). A path with heart: A guide through the perils and promises of spiritual life. New York, NY: Bantam.
Kristeller, J. L. (2007). Mindfulness meditation. In P. M. Lehrer, R. L. Woolfolk, W. E. Sime, & D. H. Barlow (Eds.), Principles and practice of stress management (3rd ed., pp. 393–427). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Kristeller, J. (2010). Spiritual engagement as a mechanism of change in mindfulness- and acceptance-based therapies. In R. A. Baer (Ed.), Assessing mindfulness & acceptance processes in clients: Illuminating the theory & practice of change (pp. 155–184). Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.
Kristeller, J. L., & Johnson, T. (2005). Cultivating loving kindness: A two-stage model of the effects of meditation on empathy, compassion, and altruism. Zygon®, 40, 391–408. CrossRef
Maddux, J. E., Norton, L. W., & Stoltenberg, C. D. (1986). Self-efficacy expectancy, outcome expectancy, and outcome value: Relative effects on behavioral intentions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 783–789. CrossRef
McCauley, J., Tarpley, M. J., Haaz, S., & Bartlett, S. J. (2007). Daily spiritual experiences of older adults with and without arthritis and the relationship to health outcomes. Arthritis Care & Research, 59, 122–128. CrossRef
Phelan, J. P. (2010). Mindfulness as presence. Mindfulness, 1, 131–134. CrossRef
Rosenthal, R. (1991). Meta-analytic procedures for social research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A new approach to preventing relapse. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Singh, N. N. (2010). Mindfulness: A finger pointing to the moon. Mindfulness, 1, 1–3. CrossRef
Underwood, L. G. (2006). Ordinary spiritual experience: Qualitative research, interpretive guidelines, and population distribution for the daily spiritual experience scale. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 28, 181–218.
Vettese, L. C., Toneatto, T., Stea, J. N., Nguyen, L., & Wang, J. J. (2009). Do mindfulness meditation participants do their homework? And does it make a difference? A review of the empirical evidence. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23, 198–225. CrossRef
Ware, J. E., Kosinski, M., & Keller, S. D. (1998). SF-12: How to score the SF-12 physical and mental health summary scales. Lincoln, RI: QualityMetric Inc.
Wigfield, A. (1994). Expectancy-value theory of achievement motivation: A developmental perspective. Educational Psychology Review, 6, 49–78. CrossRef
- Changes in spirituality partly explain health-related quality of life outcomes after Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction
Jeffrey M. Greeson
Daniel M. Webber
Moria J. Smoski
Jeffrey G. Brantley
Andrew G. Ekblad
Edward C. Suarez
Ruth Quillian Wolever
- Springer US