Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study explored the role of both traditional religiousness and of experiencing reverence in religious and secular (e.g., naturalistic, moralistic) contexts in postoperative hospital length of stay among middle-aged and older patients undergoing open-heart surgery. Reverence was broadly defined as “feeling or attitude of deep respect, love, and awe, as for something sacred.” Information on demographics, faith factors, mental health, and medical comorbidities was collected from 400 + patients (age 62 ± 12) around 2 weeks before surgery via personal interview. Standardized medical indices were retrieved from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons’ national database. Hierarchical multiple regression showed that reverence in secular contexts predicted shorter hospitalization, after controlling for key demographics, medical indices, depression, and psychosocial protectors. Other hospital length of stay predictors included female gender, older age, more medical comorbidities, low left ventricular ejection fraction, long perfusion time, and coronary bypass graft surgery. Secular reverence exerts a protective impact on physical health.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ai, A. L. (2000). Spiritual well-being, spiritual growth, and spiritual care for the aged: A cross-faith and interdisciplinary effort. Journal of Religious Gerontology,11, 3–28. CrossRef
Ai, A. L. (2006). Faith matters, empirical research, and professional practice: Current gaps and future steps. Arête,30, 30–41.
Ai, A. L. (2010). Ch. 28. Qigong. In M. S. Micozzi (Ed.), Fundamentals of complementary & integrative medicine (4th ed., pp. 438–454). St Louis, MO: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Ai, A. L., Ardelt, M., & Wink, P. (2010a). Ch.11. Spirituality in aging: A journey for meaning through deep interconnection in humanity. In J. C. Cavanaugh & C. K. Cavanaugh (Eds.), Aging in America: Volume III. Aging in society (pp. 222–246). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
Ai, A. L., Bjorck, J. P., Huang, B., & Appel, H. (2011). Asian American spirituality and religion: Inherent diversity, uniqueness, and long-lasting psychological influences. In K. Pargament, J. Exline, & J. Jones (Eds.), The APA handbook of psychology, religion, and spirituality (Vol. I) . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Ai, A. L., Ladd, K. L., Peterson, C., Cook, C., Shearer, M., & Koenig, H. G. (2010b). Long-term adjustment after surviving open-heart surgery: The effect of using prayer for coping replicated in a prospective design. The Gerontologists,50, 798–809. CrossRef
Ai, A. L., Park, C., & Shearer, M. (2008). Spiritual or religious involvement related to end-of-life decision in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine,38, 111–130. CrossRef
Ai, A. L., Tice, N., & Kelsey, C. L. (2009a). Coping after 9/11: Deep interconnectedness and struggle in posttraumatic stress and growth. In M. Morgan (Ed.), The impact of 9/11 on psychology and education. The day that changed everything (pp. 115–138). New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillian.
Chatters, L. M., Levin, J. S., & Taylor, R. J. (1992). Antecedents and dimensions of religious involvement among older Black adults. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences,47B, P269–P278.
Dillon, M., & Wink, P. (2007). In the course of a lifetime: Tracing religious belief, practice, and change. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Durkheim, E. (2001). The elementary forms of religious life (C. Cosman, Trans) . Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Originally published 1912).
Elkins, D. N., Hedstrom, L. J., Hughes, L. L., Leaf, J. A., & Saunders, C. (1988). Toward a humanistic-phenomenological spirituality: Definition, description, and measurement. Journal of Humanistic Psychology,28, 5–18. CrossRef
Fetzer Institute/National Institute on Aging Working Group. (1999). Multidimensional Measurement of Religiousness/Spirituality for Use in Health Research. Kalamazoo, MI: John E. Fetzer Institute.
Fredrickson, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (1998). Positive emotions speed recovery from the cardiovascular sequlae of negative emotions. Cognition & Emotion,12, 191–220. CrossRef
Fredrickson, B. L., Tugade, M. M., Wugh, C. E., & Larkin, G. R. (2003). What good are positive emotions in crises; A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,84, 365–376. PubMedCrossRef
Fuller, R. (2001). Spiritual, but not religious: Understanding unchurched America. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Guralnick, D. B. (Ed.). (1978). Webster’s new world dictionary of the American Language (2nd College Edition). William Collins & World Publishing Company.
Heelas, P., & Woodheard, L. (2005). The spiritual revolution: Why religion is giving way to spirituality. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hill, P., & Hood, R. W. (1999). Affect, religion, and unconscious process. Journal of Personality,67, 1015–1046. CrossRef
Hood, R. W., Jr. (1995). Handbook of religious experience. Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.
Hout, M., & Fischer, C. S. (2002). Why more Americans have no religious preference: Politics and generations. American Sociological Review,67, 165–190. CrossRef
Houtman, S., & Aupers, S. (2007). The spiritual turn and the decline of tradition: The spread of post-Christina spirituality in 14 Western countries, 1981–2000. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,46, 305–320. CrossRef
Kass, J. D., Friedman, R., Leserman, J., Zuttermeister, P. C., & Benson, H. (1991). Health outcomes and a new index of spiritual experience. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,20, 203–211. CrossRef
Keltner, D., & Haidt, J. (2003). Approaching awe, a moral, spiritual, and aesthetic emotion. Cognition and Emotion,17, 297–314. CrossRef
McDougall, W. (1910). An introduction to social psychology (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: John W. Luce.
Munro, D. J. (1988). Images of human nature: A sung portrait. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Munro, D. J. (2005). The Chinese ethics for the new century: The Ch’ien Mu lecture on history and culture and other essays on science and Confucian ethics. Hong Kong, China: The Chinese University Press.
Otto, R. (1928). The idea of the holy: An inquiry into the non-rational factor in the idea of the divine and its relation to the rational. London: Oxford University Press.
Oxman, T. E., Freeman, D. H., & Manheimer, E. D. (1995). Lack of social participation or religious strength and comfort as risk factors for death after cardiac surgery in the elderly. Psychosomatic Medicine,57, 5–15. PubMed
Pargament, K. I. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping: Theory, research, and practice. New York: Guilford Press.
Pargament, K., & Mahoney, A. (2005). Matters: Sacred sanctification a vital topic for the psychology of religion. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion,15, 179–198. CrossRef
Park, C. L., Brooks, M. A., & Sussman, J. (2009). Dimensions of religion and spirituality in psychological adjustment in older adults living with congestive heart failure. In A. Ai & M. Ardelt (Eds.), The role of faith in the well-being of older adults: Linking theories with evidence in an interdisciplinary inquiry (pp. 41–58). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.
Pew Forum (2008). U.S. religious landscape survey. Retrieved from http://religions.pewforum.org.
Pew Forum (2009). Many Americans mix multiple faiths: Eastern, new age beliefs widespread. Retrieved from http://pewforum.org/docs/?DocID=490.
Radloff, L. S. (1977). Center for epidemiologic studies–Depression Scale (CES-D). Applied Psychological Measurement,1, 385–401. CrossRef
Roof, W. C. (1999). Spiritual marketplace: Baby Boomers and the remaking of American religion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Wink, P. (2010). Trouble with spirituality. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion,21, 49–70.
Woodruff, P. (2001). Reverence: Renewing a forgotten virtue. NY: Oxford University Press.
Wuthnow, R. (1998). After heaven: Spirituality in America since the 1950s. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Zimet, G. D., Powell, S. S., Farley, G. K., Werkman, S., & Berkoff, K. A. (1990). Psychometric characteristics of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment,55, 610–617. PubMed
Zinnbauer, B. J., Pargament, K. I., Cole, B., Rye, M. S., Butter, E. M., Belavich, T. G., et al. (1997). Religion and spirituality: Unfuzzying the fuzzy. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion,36, 549–564. CrossRef
- Secular reverence predicts shorter hospital length of stay among middle-aged and older patients following open-heart surgery
Amy L. Ai
- Springer US