Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The present study explored in a sample of Flemish pain patients the role of prayer as a possible individual factor in pain management. The focus on prayer as a personal religious factor fits with the current religious landscape in Western-Europe where personal religious factors are more important than organizational dimensions of religion. Our study is framed in the transactional theory of stress and coping by testing first, whether prayer was related with pain severity and pain tolerance and second, whether cognitive positive re-appraisal was a mediating mechanism in the association between prayer and pain. We expected that prayer would be related to pain tolerance in reducing the impact of the pain on patient’s daily life, but not necessarily to pain severity. A cross-sectional questionnaire design was adopted in order to measure demographics, prayer, pain outcomes (i.e., pain severity and pain tolerance), and cognitive positive re-appraisal. Two hundred and two chronic pain (CP) patients, all members of a Flemish national patients association, completed the questionnaires. Correlational analyses showed that prayer was significantly related with pain tolerance, but not with pain severity. However, ancillary analyses revealed a moderational effect of religious affiliation in the relationship between prayer and pain severity as well as pain tolerance. Furthermore, mediation analysis revealed that cognitive positive re-appraisal was indeed an underlying mechanism in the relationship between prayer and pain tolerance. This study affirms the importance to distinguish between pain severity and pain tolerance, and indicates that prayer can play a role in pain management, especially for religious pain patients. Further, the findings can be framed within the transactional theory of stress and coping as the results indicate that positive re-appraisal might be an important underlying mechanism in the association between prayer and pain.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ai, A., Park, C., Huang, B., Rodgers, W., & Tice, T. (2007). Psychosocial mediation of religious coping styles: A study of short-term psychological distress following cardiac surgery. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 866–882. CrossRef
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Carver, C., Scheier, M., & Weintraub, J. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach. Jornal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 267–283. CrossRef
Cattell, R. (1966). The scree test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 1, 245–276. CrossRef
Dobbelaere, K., & Voyé, L. (2000). Religie en kerkbetrokkenheid: Ambivalentie en vervreemding [Religion and church involvement: Ambivalence and alienation]. In K. Dobbelaere, M. Elchardus, J. Kerkhofs, L. Voyé, & B. Bawin-Legros (Eds.), Verloren zekerheid: De Belgen en hun waarden, overtuigingen en houdingen (pp. 117–152). Tielt: Lannoo.
Federal State Department of Economy Belgium. (2010). Training and education [Data file]. Retrieved from http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/statistieken/cijfers/arbeid_leven/opleiding/index.jsp
Glover-Graf, N., Marini, I., Baker, J., & Buck, T. (2007). Religious and spiritual beliefs and practices of persons with chronic pain. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 51, 21–33. CrossRef
Hank, K., & Schaan, B. (2008). Cross-national variations in the correlation between frequency of prayer and health among older Europeans. Research on Aging, 30, 35–54. CrossRef
Hollywell, C., & Walker, J. (2008). Private prayer as a suitable intervention for hospitalised patients: A critical review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18, 637–651. PubMed
Koenig, H., Mc Cullough, M., & Larson, D. (2001). Handbook of religion and health. Oxford: University Press. CrossRef
Krause, N. (2004). Assessing the relationships among prayer expectancies, race, and self-esteem in late life. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 43, 395–408. CrossRef
Lazarus, R., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.
McCullough, M., & Larson, D. (1999). Prayer. In W. R. Miller (Ed.), Integrating spirituality into treatment (pp. 85–110). Washington: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Park, C. (2005). Religion as a meaning making framework in coping with life stress. Journal of Social Issues, 61, 707–729. CrossRef
Park, C. (2006). Exploring relations among religiousness, meaning, and adjustment to lifetime and current stressful encounters in later life. Anxiety, stress, and coping, 19, 33–45. CrossRef
Poloma, M., & Pendleton, B. (1991). The effects of prayer and prayer experiences on measures of general well-being. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 19, 71–83.
Preacher, K., & Hayes, A. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 717–731. CrossRef
Roy, R. (2001). Social relations and chronic pain. New York: Plenum Publishers.
Tuttle, D., Shutty, M., & DeGood, D. (1991). Empirical dimensions of coping in chronic pain patients: A factorial analysis. Rehabilitation Psychology, 36, 179–187. CrossRef
Von Korff, M., Ormel, J., Keefe, F., & Dworkin, S. (1992). Grading the severity of chronic pain. Pain, 50, 133–149. CrossRef
- Prayer and pain: the mediating role of positive re-appraisal
- Springer US