Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2014

01-05-2014 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Further Evidence for a Link Between Inner Speech Limitations and Executive Function in High-Functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Suzanna N. Russell-Smith, Bronwynn J. E. Comerford, Murray T. Maybery, Andrew J. O. Whitehouse

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This study investigated the involvement of inner speech limitations in the executive dysfunction associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Seventeen children with ASD and 18 controls, statistically-matched in age and IQ, performed a computer-based card sorting test (CST) to assess cognitive flexibility under four conditions: baseline, with articulatory suppression, with a concurrent mouthing task, and while verbalizing their strategies aloud. Articulatory suppression adversely affected CST performance for the control group but not the ASD group. The results additionally showed that overtly verbalizing strategies did not benefit the ASD children as it did the typically developing children. The findings thus provide further evidence that ASD children do not use inner speech to the same extent, or with the same effectiveness, as typically developing children when performing executive tasks.
Voetnoten
1
The correlations between verbal ability and mean CST scores, rather than individual dual-task conditions, were considered to be more meaningful here since the scores for the single conditions were influenced substantially by order.
 
2
Correlational analyses indicated that in the combined sample, mean perseverative errors (calculated across the four interference conditions) significantly decreased with age (r[33] = −.40, p = .02). .
 
3
Administration order of the conditions was again entered as a between-subjects factor in this set of analyses.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV. (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV. (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
go back to reference Baddeley, A., Chincotta, D., & Adlam, A. (2001). Working memory and the control of action: Evidence from task switching. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 641–657. CrossRef Baddeley, A., Chincotta, D., & Adlam, A. (2001). Working memory and the control of action: Evidence from task switching. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 641–657. CrossRef
go back to reference Baldo, J., Dronkers, N., Wilkins, D., Ludy, C., Raskin, P., & Kim, J. (2005). Is problem solving dependent on language? Brain and Language, 92, 240–250. PubMedCrossRef Baldo, J., Dronkers, N., Wilkins, D., Ludy, C., Raskin, P., & Kim, J. (2005). Is problem solving dependent on language? Brain and Language, 92, 240–250. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Biro, S., & Russell, J. (2001). The execution of arbitrary procedures by children with autism. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 97–110. PubMedCrossRef Biro, S., & Russell, J. (2001). The execution of arbitrary procedures by children with autism. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 97–110. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bivens, J., & Berk, L. (1990). A longitudinal study of the development of elementary school children’s private speech. Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 36, 443–463. Bivens, J., & Berk, L. (1990). A longitudinal study of the development of elementary school children’s private speech. Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 36, 443–463.
go back to reference Grinter, E., Maybery, M., Pellicano, E., Badcock, J., & Badcock, D. (2010). Perception of shapes targeting local and global processes in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(6), 717–724. PubMedCrossRef Grinter, E., Maybery, M., Pellicano, E., Badcock, J., & Badcock, D. (2010). Perception of shapes targeting local and global processes in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(6), 717–724. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Heaton, R., Chelune, G., Talley, J., Kay, G., & Curtiss, G. (1993). Wisconsin card sorting test manual: Revised and expanded. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Heaton, R., Chelune, G., Talley, J., Kay, G., & Curtiss, G. (1993). Wisconsin card sorting test manual: Revised and expanded. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
go back to reference Hill, E. (2004). Evaluating the theory of executive function in autism. Developmental Review, 24, 189–233. CrossRef Hill, E. (2004). Evaluating the theory of executive function in autism. Developmental Review, 24, 189–233. CrossRef
go back to reference Holland, L., & Low, J. (2010). Do children with autism use inner speech and visuospatial resources for the service of executive control? Evidence from suppression in dual tasks. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28, 369–391. PubMedCrossRef Holland, L., & Low, J. (2010). Do children with autism use inner speech and visuospatial resources for the service of executive control? Evidence from suppression in dual tasks. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28, 369–391. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hughes, C., Russell, J., & Robbins, T. (1994). Evidence for executive dysfunction in autism. Neuropsychologia, 32, 477–492. PubMedCrossRef Hughes, C., Russell, J., & Robbins, T. (1994). Evidence for executive dysfunction in autism. Neuropsychologia, 32, 477–492. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kaland, N., Smith, L., & Lykke Mortensen, E. (2008). Brief report: Cognitive flexibility and focused attention in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism as measured on the computerized version of the Wisconsin card sorting test. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 1161–1165. PubMedCrossRef Kaland, N., Smith, L., & Lykke Mortensen, E. (2008). Brief report: Cognitive flexibility and focused attention in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism as measured on the computerized version of the Wisconsin card sorting test. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 1161–1165. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kenworthy, L., Yerys, B., Gutermuth Anthony, L., & Wallace, G. (2008). Understanding executive control in autism spectrum disorders in the lab and in the real world. Neuropsychology Review, 18(4), 320–338. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Kenworthy, L., Yerys, B., Gutermuth Anthony, L., & Wallace, G. (2008). Understanding executive control in autism spectrum disorders in the lab and in the real world. Neuropsychology Review, 18(4), 320–338. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J., & Chapman, R. (2000). Systematic analysis of language transcripts (SALT). Version 6.1 (Windows). Miller, J., & Chapman, R. (2000). Systematic analysis of language transcripts (SALT). Version 6.1 (Windows).
go back to reference Perry, W., Potterat, E., & Braff, D. (2001). Self-monitoring enhances Wisconsin card sorting test performance in patients with schizophrenia: Performance is improved by simply asking patients to verbalize their sorting strategy. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 7, 344–352. PubMedCrossRef Perry, W., Potterat, E., & Braff, D. (2001). Self-monitoring enhances Wisconsin card sorting test performance in patients with schizophrenia: Performance is improved by simply asking patients to verbalize their sorting strategy. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 7, 344–352. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Russell, J., Jarrold, C., & Hood, B. (1999). Two intact executive capacities in children with ASD: Implications for the core executive dysfunctions in the disorder. Journal of ASD and developmental Disorders, 29(2), 103–112. CrossRef Russell, J., Jarrold, C., & Hood, B. (1999). Two intact executive capacities in children with ASD: Implications for the core executive dysfunctions in the disorder. Journal of ASD and developmental Disorders, 29(2), 103–112. CrossRef
go back to reference Sayhoun, C., Soulières, I., Belliveau, J., Mottron, L., & Mody, M. (2009). Cognitive differences in pictorial reasoning between high-functioning autism and asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(7), 1014–1023. CrossRef Sayhoun, C., Soulières, I., Belliveau, J., Mottron, L., & Mody, M. (2009). Cognitive differences in pictorial reasoning between high-functioning autism and asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(7), 1014–1023. CrossRef
go back to reference Snodgrass, J., & Vanderwart, M. (1980). A standardized set of pictures: Norms for name agreement, image agreement, familiarity, and visual complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 6, 174–215. Snodgrass, J., & Vanderwart, M. (1980). A standardized set of pictures: Norms for name agreement, image agreement, familiarity, and visual complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 6, 174–215.
go back to reference Velazquez, J., Barcelo, F., Hung, Y., Leshchenko, Y., Nenadovic, V., Belkas, J., et al. (2009). Decreased brain co-ordinated activity in autism spectrum disorders during executive tasks: Reduced long-range synchronization in the fronto-parietal networks. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 73, 341–349. CrossRef Velazquez, J., Barcelo, F., Hung, Y., Leshchenko, Y., Nenadovic, V., Belkas, J., et al. (2009). Decreased brain co-ordinated activity in autism spectrum disorders during executive tasks: Reduced long-range synchronization in the fronto-parietal networks. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 73, 341–349. CrossRef
go back to reference Wallace, G., Silvers, J., Martin, A., & Kenworthy, L. (2009). Brief report: Further evidence for inner speech deficits in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(12), 1735–1739. PubMedCrossRef Wallace, G., Silvers, J., Martin, A., & Kenworthy, L. (2009). Brief report: Further evidence for inner speech deficits in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(12), 1735–1739. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children—Fourth Edition: Administration and scoring manual. USA: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children—Fourth Edition: Administration and scoring manual. USA: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Whitehouse, A., Maybery, M., & Durkin, K. (2006). Inner speech impairments in ASD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 857–865. PubMedCrossRef Whitehouse, A., Maybery, M., & Durkin, K. (2006). Inner speech impairments in ASD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 857–865. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Williams, D., Bowler, D., & Jarrold, C. (2012). Inner speech is used to mediate short-term memory, but not planning, among intellectually high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 225–239. PubMedCrossRef Williams, D., Bowler, D., & Jarrold, C. (2012). Inner speech is used to mediate short-term memory, but not planning, among intellectually high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 225–239. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Winsler, A., Abar, B., Feder, M., Schunn, C., & Rubio, D. (2007). Private speech and executive functioning among high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1617–1635. PubMedCrossRef Winsler, A., Abar, B., Feder, M., Schunn, C., & Rubio, D. (2007). Private speech and executive functioning among high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1617–1635. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Winsler, A., & Naglieri, J. (2003). Overt and covert problem-solving strategies: Developmental trends in use, awareness, and relations with task performance in children ages 5–17. Child Development, 74, 659–678. PubMedCrossRef Winsler, A., & Naglieri, J. (2003). Overt and covert problem-solving strategies: Developmental trends in use, awareness, and relations with task performance in children ages 5–17. Child Development, 74, 659–678. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Further Evidence for a Link Between Inner Speech Limitations and Executive Function in High-Functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Suzanna N. Russell-Smith
Bronwynn J. E. Comerford
Murray T. Maybery
Andrew J. O. Whitehouse
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1975-8

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2014

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2014 Naar de uitgave