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Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis 1/2020

14-01-2020 | Artikel

Blije gezichten en andere beloningen: aandacht voor positieve informatie als beschermend mechanisme tegen depressie

Auteurs: Charlotte Vrijen, Catharina A. Hartman, Peter de Jonge, Albertine J. Oldehinkel

Gepubliceerd in: Neuropraxis | Uitgave 1/2020

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Samenvatting

Positieve informatie roept vaak sterke reacties op, maar niet bij iedereen. Wie minder sterk reageert op positieve informatie heeft een zogenaamde lage positieve bias. In dit onderzoek is nagegaan of zo’n lage positieve bias tijdens de adolescentie een voorspeller is van latere depressie en wat de implicaties zijn van een lage positieve bias in het dagelijks leven. Daarnaast is een interventiestudie uitgevoerd onder jongvolwassenen die last hadden van verlies van plezier om na te gaan of een op de persoon toegesneden leefstijladvies en een vrije-val-ervaring zouden leiden tot meer plezier en een positievere bias bij deze jongeren. Een belangrijke uitkomst was dat een lage positieve bias gedurende de adolescentie een latere depressie voorspelt en daarmee mogelijk een indicator is van vatbaarheid voor depressie. In het dagelijks leven hielden jongeren met een hoge positieve bias het goede gevoel dat ze van positieve ervaringen kregen langer vast dan jongeren met een lage bias. Dit zou kunnen verklaren waarom jongeren met een lage positieve bias meer kans hebben om depressief te worden. In de interventiestudie werden aanwijzingen gevonden dat leefstijladvies op maat resulteerde in meer plezier, maar niet in een positievere bias.
Dit artikel is gebaseerd op de samenvatting van het proefschrift ‘Happy faces and other rewards. Different perspectives on a bias away from positive and toward negative information as an underlying mechanism of depression’.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Blije gezichten en andere beloningen: aandacht voor positieve informatie als beschermend mechanisme tegen depressie
Auteurs
Charlotte Vrijen
Catharina A. Hartman
Peter de Jonge
Albertine J. Oldehinkel
Publicatiedatum
14-01-2020
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Neuropraxis / Uitgave 1/2020
Print ISSN: 1387-5817
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-5785
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12474-019-00245-z