Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

05-05-2017 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 6/2017

Mindfulness 6/2017

Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence of Enhanced Performance Monitoring in Meditators

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 6/2017
Auteurs:
Catherine I. Andreu, Cristóbal Moënne-Loccoz, Vladimir López, Heleen A. Slagter, Ingmar H. A. Franken, Diego Cosmelli
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s12671-017-0732-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Performance monitoring—the ability to monitor ongoing performance to detect and correct errors—is a core component of cognitive control. Impairments in performance monitoring have been associated with several psychiatric disorders, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and substance use disorder. Recent research indicates that the practice of meditation, as a mental training technique, may improve cognitive control. However, if and to what extent regular long-term meditation practice may enhance performance monitoring is currently unknown. The present study examined effects of meditation practice on behavioral and electrophysiological indices of performance monitoring. A group of meditators and an experience-matched active control group (non-meditator athletes) performed an Eriksen-Flanker task while their brain activity was recorded using electroencephalography (EEG). Behaviorally, meditators made significantly fewer errors than controls on incongruent trials. EEG analyses revealed a general increase in the amplitude of two brain potentials associated with performance monitoring—the error negativity (Ne) or error-related negativity (ERN) and correct-related negativity (CRN)—in meditators compared to controls. These findings, which are indicative of enhanced performance monitoring in meditators, corroborate the idea that meditation could be a recommendable practice to train and improve cognitive control, specifically performance monitoring.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijft u als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen uw vak. Met het online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kunt u op uw gemak en wanneer het u het beste uitkomt verdiepen in uw vakgebied.

Extra materiaal
ESM 1 (DOCX 85 kb)
12671_2017_732_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatuur
Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2017

Mindfulness 6/2017 Naar de uitgave

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

Supports for Your Practice