Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 6/2017

13-05-2017 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Contemplative Cognition: A More Integrative Framework for Advancing Mindfulness and Meditation Research

Auteurs: Peter G. Grossenbacher, Jordan T. Quaglia

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 6/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Mindfulness, whether distinguished as a state, trait, or training, is central to a growing wave of interest in meditation. Theoretical development has been called for in order to clarify confusion about mindfulness from a scientific perspective. Ideally, such development will allow ingress for more traditional perspectives and guide inclusive research on the wider range of meditation practices. To address this call, we outline a new approach for understanding mindfulness and related meditative experience that accommodates diverse perspectives. In accord with other integrative approaches, we employ foundational psychological constructs (namely, attention, intention, and awareness) to understand mindfulness. In contrast to other theoretical perspectives, however, we utilize this foundation to derive novel psychological constructs needed to better explain mindfulness and important features of meditative experience more widely. The contemplative cognition framework integrates three attention-related processes entailed by a variety of contemplative practices: intended attention, attention to intention, and awareness of transient information. After delineating this set of three processes, we explain how they can cooperate to promote a contemplative range of metacognition about attention, intention, and awareness, as well as enhanced regulation of cognition, emotion, and behavior. The contemplative cognition framework (a) overcomes discrepancies in mindfulness research; (b) accounts for contextual and motivational aspects of training; (c) supports investigation from phenomenological, information processing, neurophysiological, and clinical perspectives; and (d) enables investigations on various contemplative states, traits, and practices to inform one another. This new approach has potential for advancing a more inclusive, productive, and theory-driven science of mindfulness and meditation.
Literatuur
go back to reference Abrahamse, E. L., Duthoo, W., Notebaert, W., & Risko, E. F. (2013). Attention modulation by proportion congruency: the asymmetrical list shifting effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39(5), 1552. Abrahamse, E. L., Duthoo, W., Notebaert, W., & Risko, E. F. (2013). Attention modulation by proportion congruency: the asymmetrical list shifting effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39(5), 1552.
go back to reference Anālayo. (2003). Satipaṭṭhāna: the direct path to realization. Birmingham, AL: Windhorse. Anālayo. (2003). Satipaṭṭhāna: the direct path to realization. Birmingham, AL: Windhorse.
go back to reference Baars, B. J. (2002). The conscious access hypothesis: origins and recent evidence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6(1), 47–52. CrossRefPubMed Baars, B. J. (2002). The conscious access hypothesis: origins and recent evidence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6(1), 47–52. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Baijal, S., & Srinivasan, N. (2009). Types of attention matter for awareness: a study with color afterimages. Consciousness and Cognition, 18(4), 1039–1048. CrossRefPubMed Baijal, S., & Srinivasan, N. (2009). Types of attention matter for awareness: a study with color afterimages. Consciousness and Cognition, 18(4), 1039–1048. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bargh, J. A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1994). Environmental control of goal-directed action: automatic and strategic contingencies between situations and behavior. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 41, 71–124. PubMed Bargh, J. A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1994). Environmental control of goal-directed action: automatic and strategic contingencies between situations and behavior. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 41, 71–124. PubMed
go back to reference Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., & Carmody, J. Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy.​bph077. Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., & Carmody, J. Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy.​bph077.
go back to reference Brass, M., & Haggard, P. (2007). To do or not to do: the neural signature of self-control. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(34), 9141–9145. CrossRefPubMed Brass, M., & Haggard, P. (2007). To do or not to do: the neural signature of self-control. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(34), 9141–9145. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Brass, M., & Haggard, P. (2008). The what, when, whether model of intentional action. The Neuroscientist, 14(4), 319–325. CrossRefPubMed Brass, M., & Haggard, P. (2008). The what, when, whether model of intentional action. The Neuroscientist, 14(4), 319–325. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Brewer, G. A., Ball, B. H., Knight, J. B., Dewitt, M. R., & Marsh, R. L. (2011). Divided attention interferes with fulfilling activity-based intentions. Acta Psychologica, 138(1), 100–105. CrossRefPubMed Brewer, G. A., Ball, B. H., Knight, J. B., Dewitt, M. R., & Marsh, R. L. (2011). Divided attention interferes with fulfilling activity-based intentions. Acta Psychologica, 138(1), 100–105. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2004). Perils and promise in defining and measuring mindfulness: observations from experience. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 242–248. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy.​bph078. Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2004). Perils and promise in defining and measuring mindfulness: observations from experience. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 242–248. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy.​bph078.
go back to reference Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007b). Mindfulness: theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18(4), 211–237. CrossRef Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007b). Mindfulness: theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18(4), 211–237. CrossRef
go back to reference Cahn, B. R., Delorme, A., & Polich, J. (2013). Event-related delta, theta, alpha, and gamma correlates to auditory oddball processing during Vipassana meditation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(1), 100–111. doi: 10.​1093/​scan/​nss060. CrossRefPubMed Cahn, B. R., Delorme, A., & Polich, J. (2013). Event-related delta, theta, alpha, and gamma correlates to auditory oddball processing during Vipassana meditation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(1), 100–111. doi: 10.​1093/​scan/​nss060. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chambers, R., Gullone, E., & Allen, N. B. (2009). Mindful emotion regulation: an integrative review. Clinical Psychology Review, 29(6), 560–572. CrossRefPubMed Chambers, R., Gullone, E., & Allen, N. B. (2009). Mindful emotion regulation: an integrative review. Clinical Psychology Review, 29(6), 560–572. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chiesa, A., & Malinowski, P. (2011). Mindfulness-based approaches: are they all the same? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(4), 404–424. CrossRefPubMed Chiesa, A., & Malinowski, P. (2011). Mindfulness-based approaches: are they all the same? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(4), 404–424. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Choi, Y., Karremans, J. C., & Barendregt, H. (2012). The happy face of mindfulness: mindfulness meditation is associated with perceptions of happiness as rated by outside observers. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(1), 30–35. doi: 10.​1080/​17439760.​2011.​626788. CrossRef Choi, Y., Karremans, J. C., & Barendregt, H. (2012). The happy face of mindfulness: mindfulness meditation is associated with perceptions of happiness as rated by outside observers. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(1), 30–35. doi: 10.​1080/​17439760.​2011.​626788. CrossRef
go back to reference Davidson, R. J., Goleman, D. J., & Schwartz, G. E. (1976). Attentional and affective concomitants of meditation: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 85(2), 235–238. CrossRefPubMed Davidson, R. J., Goleman, D. J., & Schwartz, G. E. (1976). Attentional and affective concomitants of meditation: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 85(2), 235–238. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Farb, N. A. (2012). Mind your expectations: exploring the roles of suggestion and intention in mindfulness training. The Journal of Mind–Body Regulation, 2(1), 27–42. Farb, N. A. (2012). Mind your expectations: exploring the roles of suggestion and intention in mindfulness training. The Journal of Mind–Body Regulation, 2(1), 27–42.
go back to reference Farb, N. A., Anderson, A. K., Mayberg, H., Bean, J., McKeon, D., & Segal, Z. V. (2010). Minding one's emotions: mindfulness training alters the neural expression of sadness. Emotion, 10(1), 25–33. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Farb, N. A., Anderson, A. K., Mayberg, H., Bean, J., McKeon, D., & Segal, Z. V. (2010). Minding one's emotions: mindfulness training alters the neural expression of sadness. Emotion, 10(1), 25–33. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Farb, N. A., Segal, Z. V., Mayberg, H., Bean, J., McKeon, D., Fatima, Z., & Anderson, A. K. (2007). Attending to the present: mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural modes of self-reference. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2(4), 313–322. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Farb, N. A., Segal, Z. V., Mayberg, H., Bean, J., McKeon, D., Fatima, Z., & Anderson, A. K. (2007). Attending to the present: mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural modes of self-reference. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2(4), 313–322. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Feldman, C., & Kuyken, W. (2011). Compassion in the landscape of suffering. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(01), 143–155. CrossRef Feldman, C., & Kuyken, W. (2011). Compassion in the landscape of suffering. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(01), 143–155. CrossRef
go back to reference Francken, J. C., van Gaal, S., & de Lange, F. P. (2011). Immediate and long-term priming effects are independent of prime awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(4), 1793–1800. CrossRefPubMed Francken, J. C., van Gaal, S., & de Lange, F. P. (2011). Immediate and long-term priming effects are independent of prime awareness. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(4), 1793–1800. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1045–1062. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1045–1062. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Gethin, R. (2011). On some definitions of mindfulness. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 263–279. CrossRef Gethin, R. (2011). On some definitions of mindfulness. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 263–279. CrossRef
go back to reference Goleman, D. (2003). Destructive emotions: how can we overcome them? A scientific dialogue with the Dalai Lama. New York: Bantam Books. Goleman, D. (2003). Destructive emotions: how can we overcome them? A scientific dialogue with the Dalai Lama. New York: Bantam Books.
go back to reference Grossenbacher, P. G. (2001). Finding consciousness in the brain: a neurocognitive approach. Amsterdam: John Benjamin Publishing Company. CrossRef Grossenbacher, P. G. (2001). Finding consciousness in the brain: a neurocognitive approach. Amsterdam: John Benjamin Publishing Company. CrossRef
go back to reference Gyamtso, K. T. (2000). Buddha nature: the Mahayana Uttaratantra Shastra. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications. Gyamtso, K. T. (2000). Buddha nature: the Mahayana Uttaratantra Shastra. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications.
go back to reference Hölzel, B. K., Lazar, S. W., Gard, T., Schuman-Olivier, Z., Vago, D. R., & Ott, U. (2011). How does mindfulness meditation work? Proposing mechanisms of action from a conceptual and neural perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(6), 537–559. doi: 10.​1177/​1745691611419671​. CrossRefPubMed Hölzel, B. K., Lazar, S. W., Gard, T., Schuman-Olivier, Z., Vago, D. R., & Ott, U. (2011). How does mindfulness meditation work? Proposing mechanisms of action from a conceptual and neural perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(6), 537–559. doi: 10.​1177/​1745691611419671​. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference James, W. (1890). The principles of psychology, v. 1. New York: Henry Holt and Co. Reprinted in 1950. CrossRef James, W. (1890). The principles of psychology, v. 1. New York: Henry Holt and Co. Reprinted in 1950. CrossRef
go back to reference Jankowski, T., & Holas, P. (2014). Metacognitive model of mindfulness. Consciousness and Cognition, 28, 64–80. CrossRefPubMed Jankowski, T., & Holas, P. (2014). Metacognitive model of mindfulness. Consciousness and Cognition, 28, 64–80. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Jensen, C. G., Vangkilde, S., Frokjaer, V., & Hasselbalch, S. G. (2012). Mindfulness training affects attention—or is it attentional effort? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 106–123. doi: 10.​1037/​a0024931. CrossRef Jensen, C. G., Vangkilde, S., Frokjaer, V., & Hasselbalch, S. G. (2012). Mindfulness training affects attention—or is it attentional effort? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 106–123. doi: 10.​1037/​a0024931. CrossRef
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York, NY: Hyperion. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York, NY: Hyperion.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (2011). Some reflections on the origins of MBSR, skillful means, and the trouble with maps. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 281–306. CrossRef Kabat-Zinn, J. (2011). Some reflections on the origins of MBSR, skillful means, and the trouble with maps. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 281–306. CrossRef
go back to reference Levinson, D. B., Stoll, E. L., Kindy, S. D., Merry, H. L., & Davidson, R. J. (2014). A mind you can count on: validating breath counting as a behavioral measure of mindfulness. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1202. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Levinson, D. B., Stoll, E. L., Kindy, S. D., Merry, H. L., & Davidson, R. J. (2014). A mind you can count on: validating breath counting as a behavioral measure of mindfulness. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 1202. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lutz, A., Brefczynski-Lewis, J., Johnstone, T., & Davidson, R. J. (2008). Regulation of the neural circuitry of emotion by compassion meditation: effects of meditative expertise. PloS One, 3(3), e1897. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Lutz, A., Brefczynski-Lewis, J., Johnstone, T., & Davidson, R. J. (2008). Regulation of the neural circuitry of emotion by compassion meditation: effects of meditative expertise. PloS One, 3(3), e1897. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lutz, A., Dunne, J. D., Davidson, R. J. (2007). Meditation and the neuroscience of consciousness: an introduction. In: P. D. Zelazo, M. Moscovitch, M., & E. Thompson (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of consciousness. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 499–554. Lutz, A., Dunne, J. D., Davidson, R. J. (2007). Meditation and the neuroscience of consciousness: an introduction. In: P. D. Zelazo, M. Moscovitch, M., & E. Thompson (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of consciousness. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 499–554.
go back to reference MacCoon, D. G., Wallace, J. F., & Newman, J. P. (2005). Self-regulation: context-appropriate balanced attention. In L. F. Barrett, P. M. Niendenthal, & P. Winkielman (Eds.), Emotion and consciousness (pp. 422–444). New York, NY: Guilford Press. MacCoon, D. G., Wallace, J. F., & Newman, J. P. (2005). Self-regulation: context-appropriate balanced attention. In L. F. Barrett, P. M. Niendenthal, & P. Winkielman (Eds.), Emotion and consciousness (pp. 422–444). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference MacLean, K. A., Aichele, S. R., Bridwell, D. A., Mangun, G. R., Wojciulik, E., & Saron, C. D. (2009). Interactions between endogenous and exogenous attention during vigilance. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71(5), 1042–1058. CrossRef MacLean, K. A., Aichele, S. R., Bridwell, D. A., Mangun, G. R., Wojciulik, E., & Saron, C. D. (2009). Interactions between endogenous and exogenous attention during vigilance. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71(5), 1042–1058. CrossRef
go back to reference MacLean, K. A., Ferrer, E., Aichele, S. R., Bridwell, D. A., Zanesco, A. P., Jacobs, T. L., et al. (2010). Intensive meditation training improves perceptual discrimination and sustained attention. Psychological Science, 21(6), 829–839. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral MacLean, K. A., Ferrer, E., Aichele, S. R., Bridwell, D. A., Zanesco, A. P., Jacobs, T. L., et al. (2010). Intensive meditation training improves perceptual discrimination and sustained attention. Psychological Science, 21(6), 829–839. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Mejor, M. (1991). Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakosa and the commentaries preserved in the Tanjur. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. Mejor, M. (1991). Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakosa and the commentaries preserved in the Tanjur. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
go back to reference Michalak, J., Troje, N., & Heidenreich, T. (2011). The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on depressive gait patterns. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies, 11(1), 13–27. Michalak, J., Troje, N., & Heidenreich, T. (2011). The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on depressive gait patterns. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies, 11(1), 13–27.
go back to reference Ospina, M. B., Bond, K., Karkhaneh, M., Tjosvold, L., Vandermeer, B., Liang, Y. … Klassen, T. P. (2007). Meditation practices for health: state of the research. Evidence report/technology assessment (pp. 1–263). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Ospina, M. B., Bond, K., Karkhaneh, M., Tjosvold, L., Vandermeer, B., Liang, Y. … Klassen, T. P. (2007). Meditation practices for health: state of the research. Evidence report/technology assessment (pp. 1–263). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
go back to reference Ouellette, J. A., & Wood, W. (1998). Habit and intention in everyday life: the multiple processes by which past behavior predicts future behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 124(1), 54. CrossRef Ouellette, J. A., & Wood, W. (1998). Habit and intention in everyday life: the multiple processes by which past behavior predicts future behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 124(1), 54. CrossRef
go back to reference Pessoa, L. (2008). On the relationship between emotion and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(2), 148–158. CrossRefPubMed Pessoa, L. (2008). On the relationship between emotion and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(2), 148–158. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Posner, M. I., & Rothbart, M. K. (2007). Research on attention networks as a model for the integration of psychological science. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 1–23. CrossRefPubMed Posner, M. I., & Rothbart, M. K. (2007). Research on attention networks as a model for the integration of psychological science. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 1–23. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K., Rueda, M. R., & Tang, Y. Y. (2010). Training effortless attention. In B. Bruya (Ed.), Effortless attention: a new perspective in the cognitive science of attention and action (pp. 410–424). Massachusetts: MIT Press. Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K., Rueda, M. R., & Tang, Y. Y. (2010). Training effortless attention. In B. Bruya (Ed.), Effortless attention: a new perspective in the cognitive science of attention and action (pp. 410–424). Massachusetts: MIT Press.
go back to reference Quaglia, J. T., Brown, K. W., Lindsay, E. K., Creswell, J. D., & Goodman, R. J. (2015). From conceptualization to operationalization of mindfulness. In K. W. Brown, R. M. Ryan, & J. D. Creswell (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness. NY: Guilford. Quaglia, J. T., Brown, K. W., Lindsay, E. K., Creswell, J. D., & Goodman, R. J. (2015). From conceptualization to operationalization of mindfulness. In K. W. Brown, R. M. Ryan, & J. D. Creswell (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness. NY: Guilford.
go back to reference Sedlmeier, P., Eberth, J., Schwarz, M., Zimmermann, D., Haarig, F., Jaeger, S., & Kunze, S. (2012). The psychological effects of meditation: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 138(6), 1139–1171. doi: 10.​1037/​a0028168. CrossRefPubMed Sedlmeier, P., Eberth, J., Schwarz, M., Zimmermann, D., Haarig, F., Jaeger, S., & Kunze, S. (2012). The psychological effects of meditation: a meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 138(6), 1139–1171. doi: 10.​1037/​a0028168. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Shapiro, S. L., & Schwartz, G. E. (2000). Intentional systemic mindfulness: an integrative model for self-regulation and health. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 16(2), 128–134. PubMed Shapiro, S. L., & Schwartz, G. E. (2000). Intentional systemic mindfulness: an integrative model for self-regulation and health. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 16(2), 128–134. PubMed
go back to reference Teper, R., Segal, Z. V., & Inzlicht, M. (2013). Inside the mindful mind: how mindfulness enhances emotion regulation through improvements in executive control. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(6), 449–454. CrossRef Teper, R., Segal, Z. V., & Inzlicht, M. (2013). Inside the mindful mind: how mindfulness enhances emotion regulation through improvements in executive control. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(6), 449–454. CrossRef
go back to reference Thurman, R. A. F., & Jamspal, L. (2004). The universal vehicle discourse literature (Mahayanasutralamkara). New York, NY: American Institute of Buddhist Studies. Thurman, R. A. F., & Jamspal, L. (2004). The universal vehicle discourse literature (Mahayanasutralamkara). New York, NY: American Institute of Buddhist Studies.
go back to reference Todd, R. M., Cunningham, W. A., Anderson, A. K., & Thompson, E. (2012). Affect-biased attention as emotion regulation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(7), 1–8. CrossRef Todd, R. M., Cunningham, W. A., Anderson, A. K., & Thompson, E. (2012). Affect-biased attention as emotion regulation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(7), 1–8. CrossRef
go back to reference Trungpa, C. (2008). Ocean of dharma: the everyday wisdom of Chögyam Trungpa. (C. R. Gimian, Ed.). Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications. Trungpa, C. (2008). Ocean of dharma: the everyday wisdom of Chögyam Trungpa. (C. R. Gimian, Ed.). Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications.
go back to reference Varela, F. J. (1999). The specious present: a neurophenomenology of time consciousness. In J. Petitot, F. J. Varela, B. Pachoud, & J.-M. Roy (Eds.), Naturalizing phenomenology (pp. 266–314). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Varela, F. J. (1999). The specious present: a neurophenomenology of time consciousness. In J. Petitot, F. J. Varela, B. Pachoud, & J.-M. Roy (Eds.), Naturalizing phenomenology (pp. 266–314). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
go back to reference Vettese, L. C., Toneatto, T., Stea, J. N., Nguyen, L., & Wang, J. J. (2009). Do mindfulness meditation participants do their homework? And does it make a difference? A review of the empirical evidence. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23(3), 198–225. CrossRef Vettese, L. C., Toneatto, T., Stea, J. N., Nguyen, L., & Wang, J. J. (2009). Do mindfulness meditation participants do their homework? And does it make a difference? A review of the empirical evidence. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23(3), 198–225. CrossRef
go back to reference Wallace, B. A. (1999). Boundless heart: the four immeasurables. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications. Wallace, B. A. (1999). Boundless heart: the four immeasurables. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications.
go back to reference Walsh, R., & Shapiro, S. L. (2006). The meeting of meditative disciplines and Western psychology: A mutually enriching dialogue. American Psychologist, 61(3), 227. CrossRefPubMed Walsh, R., & Shapiro, S. L. (2006). The meeting of meditative disciplines and Western psychology: A mutually enriching dialogue. American Psychologist, 61(3), 227. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Zanesco, A. P., King, B. G., MacLean, K. A., & Saron, C. D. (2013). Executive control and felt concentrative engagement following intensive meditation training. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 566. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Zanesco, A. P., King, B. G., MacLean, K. A., & Saron, C. D. (2013). Executive control and felt concentrative engagement following intensive meditation training. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 566. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Metagegevens
Titel
Contemplative Cognition: A More Integrative Framework for Advancing Mindfulness and Meditation Research
Auteurs
Peter G. Grossenbacher
Jordan T. Quaglia
Publicatiedatum
13-05-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 6/2017
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0730-1

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2017

Mindfulness 6/2017 Naar de uitgave