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09-12-2015 | Original Paper | Uitgave 5/2016

Journal of Child and Family Studies 5/2016

Appraisal and Coping as Mediators of the Effects of Cumulative Risk on Preadolescent Adjustment

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 5/2016
Auteurs:
Stephanie F. Thompson, Liliana J. Lengua, Connie Meza Garcia

Abstract

This study examined the concurrent and longitudinal relations among cumulative risk, appraisal, coping, and adjustment. Longitudinal path models were tested in a community sample of 316 children in preadolescence to examine hypotheses that threat appraisal and avoidant coping mediate the effects of cumulative risk on child adjustment, whereas positive appraisal and active coping were hypothesized to predict better adjustment independently. Children and their mothers were assessed during in-home interviews at three time points at one-year intervals. Children reported on appraisal and coping strategies. Mothers and children reported on child adjustment problems and positive adjustment. Rank-order changes in appraisal and coping predicted rank-order changes in adjustment. Cumulative risk was concurrently related to higher threat appraisal and avoidant coping at each time point. Threat appraisal and avoidant coping mediated the relations of cumulative risk to rank-order changes in adjustment. There is specificity in the relations of cumulative risk to threat appraisal and avoidant coping, whereas positive appraisal and active coping are independent of risk and operate as individual resource factors.

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