Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 7/2020

02-06-2020 | Book Review

Anne M. Corbin: Dilemma of Duties: The Conflicted Role of Juvenile Defenders

Southern Illinois University Press: Carbondale, IL, 2018, 240 pp, ISBN-13: 9780809336647

Auteur: Quentin Truex

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 7/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Excerpt

Throughout history, whether or not citing Superior Orders is a legitimate defense for unlawful actions during wartime has been an issue of heated debate. Perhaps the most well-known litigations involving Superior Orders were the Nuremburg Trials of 1945–1946 in which many German officers admitted to committing humanitarian atrocities during the Holocaust, yet maintained a stance of innocence on the grounds of “Befehl ist befehl”, or “An order is an order” (Green 1976, p 336). The German officers court martialed throughout the Nuremburg Trials argued that they were not guilty of wartime crimes because they were carrying out orders from their superior officers. Essentially, the officers’ defensive arguments were based on the recognition of role conflict between their professional duties to their superior military officers and their moral duties to humanity. The general consensus reached during the trials held that a Superior Orders defense is not grounds enough to create innocence for unlawful crimes. In other words, it was found that professional interests are not held above basic moral interests. While the Nuremburg Trials are an extreme example, its cases provide practical knowledge for determining right and wrong in everyday life. The issues of professional duty vs. civil duty is discussed in Anne Corbin’s book, Dilemma of Duties: The Conflicted Role of Juvenile Defenders, where she examines role conflict experienced by Juvenile Defenders while ethically advocating for juveniles in the juvenile justice system. Specifically, she relates the poor quality of juvenile representation observed in modern courtrooms to role ambiguity and role conflict experienced by Juvenile Defenders while advocating for their clients. Corbin claims that the role ambiguities and role conflicts stem from the expressed-versus best-interest dichotomy of the juvenile justice system. She presents both role conflict and the expressed-/best-interest dichotomy as convincing targets for meaningful reform of the juvenile justice system. …
Literatuur
go back to reference Corbin, A.-M. (2018). Dilemma of duties: the conflicted role of juvenile defenders. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. Corbin, A.-M. (2018). Dilemma of duties: the conflicted role of juvenile defenders. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.
go back to reference Green, L. C. (1976). Superior orders in national and international law. Leyden: Sijthoff XIX. Green, L. C. (1976). Superior orders in national and international law. Leyden: Sijthoff XIX.
go back to reference McKeiver v. Pennsylvania. (1971). 403 U.S. 528. McKeiver v. Pennsylvania. (1971). 403 U.S. 528.
Metagegevens
Titel
Anne M. Corbin: Dilemma of Duties: The Conflicted Role of Juvenile Defenders
Southern Illinois University Press: Carbondale, IL, 2018, 240 pp, ISBN-13: 9780809336647
Auteur
Quentin Truex
Publicatiedatum
02-06-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 7/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01264-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 7/2020

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 7/2020 Naar de uitgave